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/*
 * Copyright © 2009, 2010 Codethink Limited
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
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 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
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 *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
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 * License along with this library; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
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 *
 * Author: Ryan Lortie <desrt@desrt.ca>
 */

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/* Prelude {{{1 */
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#include "config.h"
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#include <glib.h>
#include <glibintl.h>

#include "gsettings.h"

#include "gdelayedsettingsbackend.h"
#include "gsettingsbackendinternal.h"
#include "gsettings-mapping.h"
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#include "gsettingsschema-internal.h"
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#include "gaction.h"
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#include "strinfo.c"

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/**
 * SECTION:gsettings
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 * @short_description: High-level API for application settings
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 * @include: gio/gio.h
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 *
 * The #GSettings class provides a convenient API for storing and retrieving
 * application settings.
 *
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 * Reads and writes can be considered to be non-blocking.  Reading
 * settings with #GSettings is typically extremely fast: on
 * approximately the same order of magnitude (but slower than) a
 * #GHashTable lookup.  Writing settings is also extremely fast in terms
 * of time to return to your application, but can be extremely expensive
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 * for other threads and other processes.  Many settings backends
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 * (including dconf) have lazy initialisation which means in the common
 * case of the user using their computer without modifying any settings
 * a lot of work can be avoided.  For dconf, the D-Bus service doesn't
 * even need to be started in this case.  For this reason, you should
 * only ever modify #GSettings keys in response to explicit user action.
 * Particular care should be paid to ensure that modifications are not
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 * made during startup -- for example, when setting the initial value
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 * of preferences widgets.  The built-in g_settings_bind() functionality
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 * is careful not to write settings in response to notify signals as a
 * result of modifications that it makes to widgets.
 *
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 * When creating a GSettings instance, you have to specify a schema
 * that describes the keys in your settings and their types and default
 * values, as well as some other information.
 *
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 * Normally, a schema has a fixed path that determines where the settings
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 * are stored in the conceptual global tree of settings. However, schemas
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 * can also be '[relocatable][gsettings-relocatable]', i.e. not equipped with
 * a fixed path. This is
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 * useful e.g. when the schema describes an 'account', and you want to be
 * able to store a arbitrary number of accounts.
 *
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 * Paths must start with and end with a forward slash character ('/')
 * and must not contain two sequential slash characters.  Paths should
 * be chosen based on a domain name associated with the program or
 * library to which the settings belong.  Examples of paths are
 * "/org/gtk/settings/file-chooser/" and "/ca/desrt/dconf-editor/".
 * Paths should not start with "/apps/", "/desktop/" or "/system/" as
 * they often did in GConf.
 *
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 * Unlike other configuration systems (like GConf), GSettings does not
 * restrict keys to basic types like strings and numbers. GSettings stores
 * values as #GVariant, and allows any #GVariantType for keys. Key names
 * are restricted to lowercase characters, numbers and '-'. Furthermore,
 * the names must begin with a lowercase character, must not end
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 * with a '-', and must not contain consecutive dashes.
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 *
 * Similar to GConf, the default values in GSettings schemas can be
 * localized, but the localized values are stored in gettext catalogs
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 * and looked up with the domain that is specified in the
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 * `gettext-domain` attribute of the <schemalist> or <schema>
 * elements and the category that is specified in the `l10n` attribute of
 * the <default> element. The string which is translated includes all text in
 * the <default> element, including any surrounding quotation marks.
 *
 * The `l10n` attribute must be set to `messages` or `time`, and sets the
 * [locale category for
 * translation](https://www.gnu.org/software/gettext/manual/html_node/Aspects.html#index-locale-categories-1).
 * The `messages` category should be used by default; use `time` for
 * translatable date or time formats. A translation comment can be added as an
 * XML comment immediately above the <default> element — it is recommended to
 * add these comments to aid translators understand the meaning and
 * implications of the default value. An optional translation `context`
 * attribute can be set on the <default> element to disambiguate multiple
 * defaults which use the same string.
 *
 * For example:
 * |[
 *  <!-- Translators: A list of words which are not allowed to be typed, in
 *       GVariant serialization syntax.
 *       See: https://developer.gnome.org/glib/stable/gvariant-text.html -->
 *  <default l10n='messages' context='Banned words'>['bad', 'words']</default>
 * ]|
 *
 * Translations of default values must remain syntactically valid serialized
 * #GVariants (e.g. retaining any surrounding quotation marks) or runtime
 * errors will occur.
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 *
 * GSettings uses schemas in a compact binary form that is created
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 * by the [glib-compile-schemas][glib-compile-schemas]
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 * utility. The input is a schema description in an XML format.
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 *
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 * A DTD for the gschema XML format can be found here:
 * [gschema.dtd](https://git.gnome.org/browse/glib/tree/gio/gschema.dtd)
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 *
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 * The [glib-compile-schemas][glib-compile-schemas] tool expects schema
 * files to have the extension `.gschema.xml`.
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 *
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 * At runtime, schemas are identified by their id (as specified in the
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 * id attribute of the <schema> element). The convention for schema
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 * ids is to use a dotted name, similar in style to a D-Bus bus name,
 * e.g. "org.gnome.SessionManager". In particular, if the settings are
 * for a specific service that owns a D-Bus bus name, the D-Bus bus name
 * and schema id should match. For schemas which deal with settings not
 * associated with one named application, the id should not use
 * StudlyCaps, e.g. "org.gnome.font-rendering".
 *
 * In addition to #GVariant types, keys can have types that have
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 * enumerated types. These can be described by a <choice>,
 * <enum> or <flags> element, as seen in the
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 * [example][schema-enumerated]. The underlying type of such a key
 * is string, but you can use g_settings_get_enum(), g_settings_set_enum(),
 * g_settings_get_flags(), g_settings_set_flags() access the numeric values
 * corresponding to the string value of enum and flags keys.
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 *
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 * An example for default value:
 * |[
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 * <schemalist>
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 *   <schema id="org.gtk.Test" path="/org/gtk/Test/" gettext-domain="test">
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 *
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 *     <key name="greeting" type="s">
 *       <default l10n="messages">"Hello, earthlings"</default>
 *       <summary>A greeting</summary>
 *       <description>
 *         Greeting of the invading martians
 *       </description>
 *     </key>
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 *
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 *     <key name="box" type="(ii)">
 *       <default>(20,30)</default>
 *     </key>
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 *
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 *   </schema>
 * </schemalist>
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 * ]|
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 *
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 * An example for ranges, choices and enumerated types:
 * |[
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 * <schemalist>
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 *
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 *   <enum id="org.gtk.Test.myenum">
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 *     <value nick="first" value="1"/>
 *     <value nick="second" value="2"/>
 *   </enum>
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 *
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 *   <flags id="org.gtk.Test.myflags">
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 *     <value nick="flag1" value="1"/>
 *     <value nick="flag2" value="2"/>
 *     <value nick="flag3" value="4"/>
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 *   </flags>
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 *
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 *   <schema id="org.gtk.Test">
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 *
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 *     <key name="key-with-range" type="i">
 *       <range min="1" max="100"/>
 *       <default>10</default>
 *     </key>
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 *
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 *     <key name="key-with-choices" type="s">
 *       <choices>
 *         <choice value='Elisabeth'/>
 *         <choice value='Annabeth'/>
 *         <choice value='Joe'/>
 *       </choices>
 *       <aliases>
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 *         <alias value='Anna' target='Annabeth'/>
 *         <alias value='Beth' target='Elisabeth'/>
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 *       </aliases>
 *       <default>'Joe'</default>
 *     </key>
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 *
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 *     <key name='enumerated-key' enum='org.gtk.Test.myenum'>
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 *       <default>'first'</default>
 *     </key>
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 *
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 *     <key name='flags-key' flags='org.gtk.Test.myflags'>
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 *       <default>["flag1","flag2"]</default>
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 *     </key>
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 *   </schema>
 * </schemalist>
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 * ]|
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 *
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 * ## Vendor overrides
 *
 * Default values are defined in the schemas that get installed by
 * an application. Sometimes, it is necessary for a vendor or distributor
 * to adjust these defaults. Since patching the XML source for the schema
 * is inconvenient and error-prone,
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 * [glib-compile-schemas][glib-compile-schemas] reads so-called vendor
 * override' files. These are keyfiles in the same directory as the XML
 * schema sources which can override default values. The schema id serves
 * as the group name in the key file, and the values are expected in
 * serialized GVariant form, as in the following example:
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 * |[
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 *     [org.gtk.Example]
 *     key1='string'
 *     key2=1.5
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 * ]|
 *
 * glib-compile-schemas expects schema files to have the extension
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 * `.gschema.override`.
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 *
 * ## Binding
 *
 * A very convenient feature of GSettings lets you bind #GObject properties
 * directly to settings, using g_settings_bind(). Once a GObject property
 * has been bound to a setting, changes on either side are automatically
 * propagated to the other side. GSettings handles details like mapping
 * between GObject and GVariant types, and preventing infinite cycles.
 *
 * This makes it very easy to hook up a preferences dialog to the
 * underlying settings. To make this even more convenient, GSettings
 * looks for a boolean property with the name "sensitivity" and
 * automatically binds it to the writability of the bound setting.
 * If this 'magic' gets in the way, it can be suppressed with the
 * #G_SETTINGS_BIND_NO_SENSITIVITY flag.
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 *
 * ## Relocatable schemas # {#gsettings-relocatable}
 *
 * A relocatable schema is one with no `path` attribute specified on its
 * <schema> element. By using g_settings_new_with_path(), a #GSettings object
 * can be instantiated for a relocatable schema, assigning a path to the
 * instance. Paths passed to g_settings_new_with_path() will typically be
 * constructed dynamically from a constant prefix plus some form of instance
 * identifier; but they must still be valid GSettings paths. Paths could also
 * be constant and used with a globally installed schema originating from a
 * dependency library.
 *
 * For example, a relocatable schema could be used to store geometry information
 * for different windows in an application. If the schema ID was
 * `org.foo.MyApp.Window`, it could be instantiated for paths
 * `/org/foo/MyApp/main/`, `/org/foo/MyApp/document-1/`,
 * `/org/foo/MyApp/document-2/`, etc. If any of the paths are well-known
 * they can be specified as <child> elements in the parent schema, e.g.:
 * |[
 * <schema id="org.foo.MyApp" path="/org/foo/MyApp/">
 *   <child name="main" schema="org.foo.MyApp.Window"/>
 * </schema>
 * ]|
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 *
 * ## Build system integration # {#gsettings-build-system}
 *
 * GSettings comes with autotools integration to simplify compiling and
 * installing schemas. To add GSettings support to an application, add the
 * following to your `configure.ac`:
 * |[
 * GLIB_GSETTINGS
 * ]|
 *
 * In the appropriate `Makefile.am`, use the following snippet to compile and
 * install the named schema:
 * |[
 * gsettings_SCHEMAS = org.foo.MyApp.gschema.xml
 * EXTRA_DIST = $(gsettings_SCHEMAS)
 *
 * @GSETTINGS_RULES@
 * ]|
 *
 * No changes are needed to the build system to mark a schema XML file for
 * translation. Assuming it sets the `gettext-domain` attribute, a schema may
 * be marked for translation by adding it to `POTFILES.in`, assuming gettext
 * 0.19 is in use (the preferred method for translation):
 * |[
 * data/org.foo.MyApp.gschema.xml
 * ]|
 *
 * Alternatively, if intltool 0.50.1 is in use:
 * |[
 * [type: gettext/gsettings]data/org.foo.MyApp.gschema.xml
 * ]|
 *
 * GSettings will use gettext to look up translations for the <summary> and
 * <description> elements, and also any <default> elements which have a `l10n`
 * attribute set. Translations must not be included in the `.gschema.xml` file
 * by the build system, for example by using intltool XML rules with a
 * `.gschema.xml.in` template.
 *
 * If an enumerated type defined in a C header file is to be used in a GSettings
 * schema, it can either be defined manually using an <enum> element in the
 * schema XML, or it can be extracted automatically from the C header. This
 * approach is preferred, as it ensures the two representations are always
 * synchronised. To do so, add the following to the relevant `Makefile.am`:
 * |[
 * gsettings_ENUM_NAMESPACE = org.foo.MyApp
 * gsettings_ENUM_FILES = my-app-enums.h my-app-misc.h
 * ]|
 *
 * `gsettings_ENUM_NAMESPACE` specifies the schema namespace for the enum files,
 * which are specified in `gsettings_ENUM_FILES`. This will generate a
 * `org.foo.MyApp.enums.xml` file containing the extracted enums, which will be
 * automatically included in the schema compilation, install and uninstall
 * rules. It should not be committed to version control or included in
 * `EXTRA_DIST`.
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 */
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/**
 * GSettings:
 *
 * #GSettings is an opaque data structure and can only be accessed
 * using the following functions.
 **/

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struct _GSettingsPrivate
{
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  /* where the signals go... */
  GMainContext *main_context;

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  GSettingsBackend *backend;
  GSettingsSchema *schema;
  gchar *path;

  GDelayedSettingsBackend *delayed;
};

enum
{
  PROP_0,
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  PROP_SCHEMA,
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  PROP_SCHEMA_ID,
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  PROP_BACKEND,
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  PROP_PATH,
  PROP_HAS_UNAPPLIED,
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  PROP_DELAY_APPLY
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};

enum
{
  SIGNAL_WRITABLE_CHANGE_EVENT,
  SIGNAL_WRITABLE_CHANGED,
  SIGNAL_CHANGE_EVENT,
  SIGNAL_CHANGED,
  N_SIGNALS
};

static guint g_settings_signals[N_SIGNALS];

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G_DEFINE_TYPE_WITH_PRIVATE (GSettings, g_settings, G_TYPE_OBJECT)
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/* Signals {{{1 */
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static gboolean
g_settings_real_change_event (GSettings    *settings,
                              const GQuark *keys,
                              gint          n_keys)
{
  gint i;

  if (keys == NULL)
    keys = g_settings_schema_list (settings->priv->schema, &n_keys);

  for (i = 0; i < n_keys; i++)
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    {
      const gchar *key = g_quark_to_string (keys[i]);

      if (g_str_has_suffix (key, "/"))
        continue;

      g_signal_emit (settings, g_settings_signals[SIGNAL_CHANGED], keys[i], key);
    }
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  return FALSE;
}

static gboolean
g_settings_real_writable_change_event (GSettings *settings,
                                       GQuark     key)
{
  const GQuark *keys = &key;
  gint n_keys = 1;
  gint i;

  if (key == 0)
    keys = g_settings_schema_list (settings->priv->schema, &n_keys);

  for (i = 0; i < n_keys; i++)
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    {
      const gchar *key = g_quark_to_string (keys[i]);

      if (g_str_has_suffix (key, "/"))
        continue;

      g_signal_emit (settings, g_settings_signals[SIGNAL_WRITABLE_CHANGED], keys[i], key);
    }
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  return FALSE;
}

static void
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settings_backend_changed (GObject             *target,
                          GSettingsBackend    *backend,
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                          const gchar         *key,
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                          gpointer             origin_tag)
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{
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  GSettings *settings = G_SETTINGS (target);
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  gboolean ignore_this;
  gint i;

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  /* We used to assert here:
   *
   *   settings->priv->backend == backend
   *
   * but it could be the case that a notification is queued for delivery
   * while someone calls g_settings_delay() (which changes the backend).
   *
   * Since the delay backend would just pass that straight through
   * anyway, it doesn't make sense to try to detect this case.
   * Therefore, we just accept it.
   */
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  for (i = 0; key[i] == settings->priv->path[i]; i++);

  if (settings->priv->path[i] == '\0' &&
      g_settings_schema_has_key (settings->priv->schema, key + i))
    {
      GQuark quark;

      quark = g_quark_from_string (key + i);
      g_signal_emit (settings, g_settings_signals[SIGNAL_CHANGE_EVENT],
                     0, &quark, 1, &ignore_this);
    }
}

static void
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settings_backend_path_changed (GObject          *target,
                               GSettingsBackend *backend,
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                               const gchar      *path,
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                               gpointer          origin_tag)
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{
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  GSettings *settings = G_SETTINGS (target);
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  gboolean ignore_this;

  if (g_str_has_prefix (settings->priv->path, path))
    g_signal_emit (settings, g_settings_signals[SIGNAL_CHANGE_EVENT],
                   0, NULL, 0, &ignore_this);
}

static void
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settings_backend_keys_changed (GObject             *target,
                               GSettingsBackend    *backend,
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                               const gchar         *path,
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                               gpointer             origin_tag,
                               const gchar * const *items)
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{
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  GSettings *settings = G_SETTINGS (target);
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  gboolean ignore_this;
  gint i;

  for (i = 0; settings->priv->path[i] &&
              settings->priv->path[i] == path[i]; i++);

  if (path[i] == '\0')
    {
      GQuark quarks[256];
      gint j, l = 0;

      for (j = 0; items[j]; j++)
         {
           const gchar *item = items[j];
           gint k;

           for (k = 0; item[k] == settings->priv->path[i + k]; k++);

           if (settings->priv->path[i + k] == '\0' &&
               g_settings_schema_has_key (settings->priv->schema, item + k))
             quarks[l++] = g_quark_from_string (item + k);

           /* "256 quarks ought to be enough for anybody!"
            * If this bites you, I'm sorry.  Please file a bug.
            */
           g_assert (l < 256);
         }

      if (l > 0)
        g_signal_emit (settings, g_settings_signals[SIGNAL_CHANGE_EVENT],
                       0, quarks, l, &ignore_this);
    }
}

static void
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settings_backend_writable_changed (GObject          *target,
                                   GSettingsBackend *backend,
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                                   const gchar      *key)
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{
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  GSettings *settings = G_SETTINGS (target);
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  gboolean ignore_this;
  gint i;

  for (i = 0; key[i] == settings->priv->path[i]; i++);

  if (settings->priv->path[i] == '\0' &&
      g_settings_schema_has_key (settings->priv->schema, key + i))
    g_signal_emit (settings, g_settings_signals[SIGNAL_WRITABLE_CHANGE_EVENT],
                   0, g_quark_from_string (key + i), &ignore_this);
}

static void
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settings_backend_path_writable_changed (GObject          *target,
                                        GSettingsBackend *backend,
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                                        const gchar      *path)
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{
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  GSettings *settings = G_SETTINGS (target);
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  gboolean ignore_this;

  if (g_str_has_prefix (settings->priv->path, path))
    g_signal_emit (settings, g_settings_signals[SIGNAL_WRITABLE_CHANGE_EVENT],
                   0, (GQuark) 0, &ignore_this);
}

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/* Properties, Construction, Destruction {{{1 */
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static void
g_settings_set_property (GObject      *object,
                         guint         prop_id,
                         const GValue *value,
                         GParamSpec   *pspec)
{
  GSettings *settings = G_SETTINGS (object);

  switch (prop_id)
    {
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    case PROP_SCHEMA:
      {
        GSettingsSchema *schema;

        schema = g_value_dup_boxed (value);

        /* we receive a set_property() call for "settings-schema" even
         * if it was not specified (ie: with NULL value).  ->schema
         * could already be set at this point (ie: via "schema-id").
         * check for NULL to avoid clobbering the existing value.
         */
        if (schema != NULL)
          {
            g_assert (settings->priv->schema == NULL);
            settings->priv->schema = schema;
          }
      }
      break;

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    case PROP_SCHEMA_ID:
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      {
        const gchar *schema_id;

        schema_id = g_value_get_string (value);

        /* we receive a set_property() call for both "schema" and
         * "schema-id", even if they are not set.  Hopefully only one of
         * them is non-NULL.
         */
        if (schema_id != NULL)
          {
            GSettingsSchemaSource *default_source;

            g_assert (settings->priv->schema == NULL);
            default_source = g_settings_schema_source_get_default ();

            if (default_source == NULL)
              g_error ("No GSettings schemas are installed on the system");

            settings->priv->schema = g_settings_schema_source_lookup (default_source, schema_id, TRUE);

            if (settings->priv->schema == NULL)
              g_error ("Settings schema '%s' is not installed\n", schema_id);
          }
      }
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      break;

    case PROP_PATH:
      settings->priv->path = g_value_dup_string (value);
      break;

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    case PROP_BACKEND:
      settings->priv->backend = g_value_dup_object (value);
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      break;

    default:
      g_assert_not_reached ();
    }
}

static void
g_settings_get_property (GObject    *object,
                         guint       prop_id,
                         GValue     *value,
                         GParamSpec *pspec)
{
  GSettings *settings = G_SETTINGS (object);

  switch (prop_id)
    {
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    case PROP_SCHEMA:
      g_value_set_boxed (value, settings->priv->schema);
      break;

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     case PROP_SCHEMA_ID:
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      g_value_set_string (value, g_settings_schema_get_id (settings->priv->schema));
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      break;

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     case PROP_BACKEND:
      g_value_set_object (value, settings->priv->backend);
      break;

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     case PROP_PATH:
      g_value_set_string (value, settings->priv->path);
      break;

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     case PROP_HAS_UNAPPLIED:
      g_value_set_boolean (value, g_settings_get_has_unapplied (settings));
      break;

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     case PROP_DELAY_APPLY:
      g_value_set_boolean (value, settings->priv->delayed != NULL);
      break;

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     default:
      g_assert_not_reached ();
    }
}

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static const GSettingsListenerVTable listener_vtable = {
  settings_backend_changed,
  settings_backend_path_changed,
  settings_backend_keys_changed,
  settings_backend_writable_changed,
  settings_backend_path_writable_changed
};

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static void
g_settings_constructed (GObject *object)
{
  GSettings *settings = G_SETTINGS (object);
  const gchar *schema_path;

  schema_path = g_settings_schema_get_path (settings->priv->schema);

  if (settings->priv->path && schema_path && strcmp (settings->priv->path, schema_path) != 0)
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    g_error ("settings object created with schema '%s' and path '%s', but path '%s' is specified by schema",
             g_settings_schema_get_id (settings->priv->schema), settings->priv->path, schema_path);
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  if (settings->priv->path == NULL)
    {
      if (schema_path == NULL)
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        g_error ("attempting to create schema '%s' without a path",
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                 g_settings_schema_get_id (settings->priv->schema));
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      settings->priv->path = g_strdup (schema_path);
    }

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  if (settings->priv->backend == NULL)
    settings->priv->backend = g_settings_backend_get_default ();

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  g_settings_backend_watch (settings->priv->backend,
                            &listener_vtable, G_OBJECT (settings),
                            settings->priv->main_context);
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  g_settings_backend_subscribe (settings->priv->backend,
                                settings->priv->path);
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}

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static void
g_settings_finalize (GObject *object)
{
  GSettings *settings = G_SETTINGS (object);

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  g_settings_backend_unsubscribe (settings->priv->backend,
                                  settings->priv->path);
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  g_main_context_unref (settings->priv->main_context);
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  g_object_unref (settings->priv->backend);
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  g_settings_schema_unref (settings->priv->schema);
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  g_free (settings->priv->path);
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  G_OBJECT_CLASS (g_settings_parent_class)->finalize (object);
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}

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static void
g_settings_init (GSettings *settings)
{
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  settings->priv = g_settings_get_instance_private (settings);
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  settings->priv->main_context = g_main_context_ref_thread_default ();
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}

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static void
g_settings_class_init (GSettingsClass *class)
{
  GObjectClass *object_class = G_OBJECT_CLASS (class);

  class->writable_change_event = g_settings_real_writable_change_event;
  class->change_event = g_settings_real_change_event;

  object_class->set_property = g_settings_set_property;
  object_class->get_property = g_settings_get_property;
  object_class->constructed = g_settings_constructed;
  object_class->finalize = g_settings_finalize;

  /**
   * GSettings::changed:
   * @settings: the object on which the signal was emitted
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   * @key: the name of the key that changed
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   *
   * The "changed" signal is emitted when a key has potentially changed.
   * You should call one of the g_settings_get() calls to check the new
   * value.
   *
   * This signal supports detailed connections.  You can connect to the
   * detailed signal "changed::x" in order to only receive callbacks
   * when key "x" changes.
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   *
   * Note that @settings only emits this signal if you have read @key at
   * least once while a signal handler was already connected for @key.
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   */
  g_settings_signals[SIGNAL_CHANGED] =
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    g_signal_new (I_("changed"), G_TYPE_SETTINGS,
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                  G_SIGNAL_RUN_LAST | G_SIGNAL_DETAILED,
                  G_STRUCT_OFFSET (GSettingsClass, changed),
                  NULL, NULL, g_cclosure_marshal_VOID__STRING, G_TYPE_NONE,
                  1, G_TYPE_STRING | G_SIGNAL_TYPE_STATIC_SCOPE);

  /**
   * GSettings::change-event:
   * @settings: the object on which the signal was emitted
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   * @keys: (array length=n_keys) (element-type GQuark) (nullable):
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   *        an array of #GQuarks for the changed keys, or %NULL
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   * @n_keys: the length of the @keys array, or 0
   *
   * The "change-event" signal is emitted once per change event that
   * affects this settings object.  You should connect to this signal
   * only if you are interested in viewing groups of changes before they
   * are split out into multiple emissions of the "changed" signal.
   * For most use cases it is more appropriate to use the "changed" signal.
   *
   * In the event that the change event applies to one or more specified
   * keys, @keys will be an array of #GQuark of length @n_keys.  In the
   * event that the change event applies to the #GSettings object as a
   * whole (ie: potentially every key has been changed) then @keys will
   * be %NULL and @n_keys will be 0.
   *
   * The default handler for this signal invokes the "changed" signal
   * for each affected key.  If any other connected handler returns
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   * %TRUE then this default functionality will be suppressed.
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   *
   * Returns: %TRUE to stop other handlers from being invoked for the
   *          event. FALSE to propagate the event further.
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   */
  g_settings_signals[SIGNAL_CHANGE_EVENT] =
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    g_signal_new (I_("change-event"), G_TYPE_SETTINGS,
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                  G_SIGNAL_RUN_LAST,
                  G_STRUCT_OFFSET (GSettingsClass, change_event),
                  g_signal_accumulator_true_handled, NULL,
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                  NULL,
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                  G_TYPE_BOOLEAN, 2, G_TYPE_POINTER, G_TYPE_INT);

  /**
   * GSettings::writable-changed:
   * @settings: the object on which the signal was emitted
   * @key: the key
   *
   * The "writable-changed" signal is emitted when the writability of a
   * key has potentially changed.  You should call
   * g_settings_is_writable() in order to determine the new status.
   *
   * This signal supports detailed connections.  You can connect to the
   * detailed signal "writable-changed::x" in order to only receive
   * callbacks when the writability of "x" changes.
   */
  g_settings_signals[SIGNAL_WRITABLE_CHANGED] =
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    g_signal_new (I_("writable-changed"), G_TYPE_SETTINGS,
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                  G_SIGNAL_RUN_LAST | G_SIGNAL_DETAILED,
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                  G_STRUCT_OFFSET (GSettingsClass, writable_changed),
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                  NULL, NULL, g_cclosure_marshal_VOID__STRING, G_TYPE_NONE,
                  1, G_TYPE_STRING | G_SIGNAL_TYPE_STATIC_SCOPE);

  /**
   * GSettings::writable-change-event:
   * @settings: the object on which the signal was emitted
   * @key: the quark of the key, or 0
   *
   * The "writable-change-event" signal is emitted once per writability
   * change event that affects this settings object.  You should connect
   * to this signal if you are interested in viewing groups of changes
   * before they are split out into multiple emissions of the
   * "writable-changed" signal.  For most use cases it is more
   * appropriate to use the "writable-changed" signal.
   *
   * In the event that the writability change applies only to a single
   * key, @key will be set to the #GQuark for that key.  In the event
   * that the writability change affects the entire settings object,
   * @key will be 0.
   *
   * The default handler for this signal invokes the "writable-changed"
   * and "changed" signals for each affected key.  This is done because
   * changes in writability might also imply changes in value (if for
   * example, a new mandatory setting is introduced).  If any other
   * connected handler returns %TRUE then this default functionality
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   * will be suppressed.
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   *
   * Returns: %TRUE to stop other handlers from being invoked for the
   *          event. FALSE to propagate the event further.
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   */
  g_settings_signals[SIGNAL_WRITABLE_CHANGE_EVENT] =
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    g_signal_new (I_("writable-change-event"), G_TYPE_SETTINGS,
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                  G_SIGNAL_RUN_LAST,
                  G_STRUCT_OFFSET (GSettingsClass, writable_change_event),
                  g_signal_accumulator_true_handled, NULL,
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                  NULL, G_TYPE_BOOLEAN, 1, G_TYPE_UINT);
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  /**
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   * GSettings:backend:
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   *
   * The name of the context that the settings are stored in.
   */
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  g_object_class_install_property (object_class, PROP_BACKEND,
    g_param_spec_object ("backend",
                         P_("GSettingsBackend"),
                         P_("The GSettingsBackend for this settings object"),
                         G_TYPE_SETTINGS_BACKEND, G_PARAM_CONSTRUCT_ONLY |
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                         G_PARAM_READWRITE | G_PARAM_STATIC_STRINGS));

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  /**
   * GSettings:settings-schema:
   *
   * The #GSettingsSchema describing the types of keys for this
   * #GSettings object.
   *
   * Ideally, this property would be called 'schema'.  #GSettingsSchema
   * has only existed since version 2.32, however, and before then the
   * 'schema' property was used to refer to the ID of the schema rather
   * than the schema itself.  Take care.
   */
  g_object_class_install_property (object_class, PROP_SCHEMA,
    g_param_spec_boxed ("settings-schema",
                        P_("schema"),
                        P_("The GSettingsSchema for this settings object"),
                        G_TYPE_SETTINGS_SCHEMA,
                        G_PARAM_CONSTRUCT_ONLY |
                        G_PARAM_READWRITE | G_PARAM_STATIC_STRINGS));

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  /**
   * GSettings:schema:
   *
   * The name of the schema that describes the types of keys
   * for this #GSettings object.
   *
   * The type of this property is *not* #GSettingsSchema.
   * #GSettingsSchema has only existed since version 2.32 and
   * unfortunately this name was used in previous versions to refer to
   * the schema ID rather than the schema itself.  Take care to use the
   * 'settings-schema' property if you wish to pass in a
   * #GSettingsSchema.
   *
   * Deprecated:2.32:Use the 'schema-id' property instead.  In a future
   * version, this property may instead refer to a #GSettingsSchema.
   */
  g_object_class_install_property (object_class, PROP_SCHEMA_ID,
    g_param_spec_string ("schema",
                         P_("Schema name"),
                         P_("The name of the schema for this settings object"),
                         NULL,
                         G_PARAM_CONSTRUCT_ONLY |
                         G_PARAM_DEPRECATED | G_PARAM_READWRITE | G_PARAM_STATIC_STRINGS));

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  /**
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   * GSettings:schema-id:
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   *
   * The name of the schema that describes the types of keys
   * for this #GSettings object.
   */
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  g_object_class_install_property (object_class, PROP_SCHEMA_ID,
    g_param_spec_string ("schema-id",
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                         P_("Schema name"),
                         P_("The name of the schema for this settings object"),
                         NULL,
                         G_PARAM_CONSTRUCT_ONLY |
                         G_PARAM_READWRITE | G_PARAM_STATIC_STRINGS));

   /**
    * GSettings:path:
    *
    * The path within the backend where the settings are stored.
    */
   g_object_class_install_property (object_class, PROP_PATH,
     g_param_spec_string ("path",
                          P_("Base path"),
                          P_("The path within the backend where the settings are"),
                          NULL,
                          G_PARAM_CONSTRUCT_ONLY |
                          G_PARAM_READWRITE | G_PARAM_STATIC_STRINGS));

   /**
    * GSettings:has-unapplied:
    *
    * If this property is %TRUE, the #GSettings object has outstanding
    * changes that will be applied when g_settings_apply() is called.
    */
   g_object_class_install_property (object_class, PROP_HAS_UNAPPLIED,
     g_param_spec_boolean ("has-unapplied",
                           P_("Has unapplied changes"),
                           P_("TRUE if there are outstanding changes to apply()"),
                           FALSE,
                           G_PARAM_READABLE | G_PARAM_STATIC_STRINGS));

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   /**
    * GSettings:delay-apply:
    *
    * Whether the #GSettings object is in 'delay-apply' mode. See
    * g_settings_delay() for details.
    *
    * Since: 2.28
    */
   g_object_class_install_property (object_class, PROP_DELAY_APPLY,
     g_param_spec_boolean ("delay-apply",
                           P_("Delay-apply mode"),
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                           P_("Whether this settings object is in “delay-apply” mode"),
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                           FALSE,
                           G_PARAM_READABLE | G_PARAM_STATIC_STRINGS));
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}

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/* Construction (new, new_with_path, etc.) {{{1 */
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/**
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 * g_settings_new:
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 * @schema_id: the id of the schema
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 *
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 * Creates a new #GSettings object with the schema specified by
 * @schema_id.
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 *
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 * Signals on the newly created #GSettings object will be dispatched
 * via the thread-default #GMainContext in effect at the time of the
 * call to g_settings_new().  The new #GSettings will hold a reference
 * on the context.  See g_main_context_push_thread_default().
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 *
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 * Returns: a new #GSettings object
 *
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 * Since: 2.26
 */
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GSettings *
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g_settings_new (const gchar *schema_id)
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{
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  g_return_val_if_fail (schema_id != NULL, NULL);
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  return g_object_new (G_TYPE_SETTINGS,
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                       "schema-id", schema_id,
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                       NULL);
}
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static gboolean
path_is_valid (const gchar *path)
{
  if (!path)
    return FALSE;

  if (path[0] != '/')
    return FALSE;

  if (!g_str_has_suffix (path, "/"))
    return FALSE;

  return strstr (path, "//") == NULL;
}

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/**
 * g_settings_new_with_path:
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 * @schema_id: the id of the schema
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 * @path: the path to use
 *
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 * Creates a new #GSettings object with the relocatable schema specified
 * by @schema_id and a given path.
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 *
 * You only need to do this if you want to directly create a settings
 * object with a schema that doesn't have a specified path of its own.
 * That's quite rare.
 *
 * It is a programmer error to call this function for a schema that
 * has an explicitly specified path.
 *
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 * It is a programmer error if @path is not a valid path.  A valid path
 * begins and ends with '/' and does not contain two consecutive '/'
 * characters.
 *
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 * Returns: a new #GSettings object
 *
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 * Since: 2.26
 */
GSettings *
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g_settings_new_with_path (const gchar *schema_id,
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                          const gchar *path)
{
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  g_return_val_if_fail (schema_id != NULL, NULL);
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  g_return_val_if_fail (path_is_valid (path), NULL);
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  return g_object_new (G_TYPE_SETTINGS,
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                       "schema-id", schema_id,
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                       "path", path,
                       NULL);
}
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/**
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 * g_settings_new_with_backend:
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 * @schema_id: the id of the schema
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 * @backend: the #GSettingsBackend to use
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 *
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 * Creates a new #GSettings object with the schema specified by
 * @schema_id and a given #GSettingsBackend.
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 *
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 * Creating a #GSettings object with a different backend allows accessing
 * settings from a database other than the usual one. For example, it may make
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 * sense to pass a backend corresponding to the "defaults" settings database on
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 * the system to get a settings object that modifies the system default
 * settings instead of the settings for this user.
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 *
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 * Returns: a new #GSettings object
 *
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 * Since: 2.26
 */
GSettings *
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g_settings_new_with_backend (const gchar      *schema_id,
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                             GSettingsBackend *backend)
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{
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  g_return_val_if_fail (schema_id != NULL, NULL);
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  g_return_val_if_fail (G_IS_SETTINGS_BACKEND (backend), NULL);
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  return g_object_new (G_TYPE_SETTINGS,
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                       "schema-id", schema_id,
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                       "backend", backend,
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                       NULL);
}

/**
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 * g_settings_new_with_backend_and_path:
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 * @schema_id: the id of the schema
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 * @backend: the #GSettingsBackend to use
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 * @path: the path to use
 *
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 * Creates a new #GSettings object with the schema specified by
 * @schema_id and a given #GSettingsBackend and path.
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 *
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 * This is a mix of g_settings_new_with_backend() and
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 * g_settings_new_with_path().
 *
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 * Returns: a new #GSettings object
 *
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 * Since: 2.26
 */
GSettings *
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g_settings_new_with_backend_and_path (const gchar      *schema_id,
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                                      GSettingsBackend *backend,
                                      const gchar      *path)
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{
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  g_return_val_if_fail (schema_id != NULL, NULL);
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  g_return_val_if_fail (G_IS_SETTINGS_BACKEND (backend), NULL);
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  g_return_val_if_fail (path_is_valid (path), NULL);
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  return g_object_new (G_TYPE_SETTINGS,
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                       "schema-id", schema_id,
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                       "backend", backend,
                       "path", path,
                       NULL);
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}

/**
 * g_settings_new_full:
 * @schema: a #GSettingsSchema
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 * @backend: (nullable): a #GSettingsBackend
 * @path: (nullable): the path to use
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 *
 * Creates a new #GSettings object with a given schema, backend and
 * path.
 *
 * It should be extremely rare that you ever want to use this function.
 * It is made available for advanced use-cases (such as plugin systems
 * that want to provide access to schemas loaded from custom locations,
 * etc).
 *
 * At the most basic level, a #GSettings object is a pure composition of
 * 4 things: a #GSettingsSchema, a #GSettingsBackend, a path within that
 * backend, and a #GMainContext to which signals are dispatched.
 *
 * This constructor therefore gives you full control over constructing
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 * #GSettings instances.  The first 3 parameters are given directly as
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 * @schema, @backend and @path, and the main context is taken from the
 * thread-default (as per g_settings_new()).
 *
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 * If @backend is %NULL then the default backend is used.
 *
 * If @path is %NULL then the path from the schema is used.  It is an
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 * error if @path is %NULL and the schema has no path of its own or if
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 * @path is non-%NULL and not equal to the path that the schema does
 * have.
 *
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 * Returns: a new #GSettings object
 *
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 * Since: 2.32
 */
GSettings *
g_settings_new_full (GSettingsSchema  *schema,
                     GSettingsBackend *backend,
                     const gchar      *path)
{
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  g_return_val_if_fail (schema != NULL, NULL);
  g_return_val_if_fail (backend == NULL || G_IS_SETTINGS_BACKEND (backend), NULL);
  g_return_val_if_fail (path == NULL || path_is_valid (path), NULL);

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  return g_object_new (G_TYPE_SETTINGS,
                       "settings-schema", schema,
                       "backend", backend,
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                       "path", path,
                       NULL);
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}

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/* Internal read/write utilities {{{1 */
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static gboolean
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g_settings_write_to_backend (GSettings          *settings,
                             GSettingsSchemaKey *key,
                             GVariant           *value)
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{
  gboolean success;
  gchar *path;

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  path = g_strconcat (settings->priv->path, key->name, NULL);
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  success = g_settings_backend_write (settings->priv->backend, path, value, NULL);
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  g_free (path);

  return success;
}

static GVariant *
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g_settings_read_from_backend (GSettings          *settings,
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                              GSettingsSchemaKey *key,
                              gboolean            user_value_only,
                              gboolean            default_value)
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{
  GVariant *value;
  GVariant *fixup;
  gchar *path;

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  path = g_strconcat (settings->priv->path, key->name, NULL);
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  if (user_value_only)
    value = g_settings_backend_read_user_value (settings->priv->backend, path, key->type);
  else
    value = g_settings_backend_read (settings->priv->backend, path, key->type, default_value);
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  g_free (path);

  if (value != NULL)
    {
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      fixup = g_settings_schema_key_range_fixup (key, value);
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      g_variant_unref (value);
    }
  else
    fixup = NULL;

  return fixup;
}

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/* Public Get/Set API {{{1 (get, get_value, set, set_value, get_mapped) */
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/**
 * g_settings_get_value:
 * @settings: a #GSettings object
 * @key: the key to get the value for
 *
 * Gets the value that is stored in @settings for @key.
 *
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 * It is a programmer error to give a @key that isn't contained in the
 * schema for @settings.
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 *
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 * Returns: a new #GVariant
 *
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 * Since: 2.26
 */
GVariant *
g_settings_get_value (GSettings   *settings,
                      const gchar *key)
{
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  GSettingsSchemaKey skey;
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  GVariant *value;

  g_return_val_if_fail (G_IS_SETTINGS (settings), NULL);
  g_return_val_if_fail (key != NULL, NULL);

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  g_settings_schema_key_init (&skey, settings->priv->schema, key);
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  value = g_settings_read_from_backend (settings, &skey, FALSE, FALSE);
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  if (value == NULL)
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    value = g_settings_schema_key_get_translated_default (&skey);
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  if (value == NULL)
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    value = g_variant_ref (skey.default_value);
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  g_settings_schema_key_clear (&skey);
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  return value;
}

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/**
 * g_settings_get_user_value:
 * @settings: a #GSettings object
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 * @key: the key to get the user value for
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 *
 * Checks the "user value" of a key, if there is one.
 *
 * The user value of a key is the last value that was set by the user.
 *
 * After calling g_settings_reset() this function should always return
 * %NULL (assuming something is not wrong with the system
 * configuration).
 *
 * It is possible that g_settings_get_value() will return a different
 * value than this function.  This can happen in the case that the user
 * set a value for a key that was subsequently locked down by the system
 * administrator -- this function will return the user's old value.
 *
 * This function may be useful for adding a "reset" option to a UI or
 * for providing indication that a particular value has been changed.
 *
 * It is a programmer error to give a @key that isn't contained in the
 * schema for @settings.
 *
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 * Returns: (nullable) (transfer full): the user's value, if set
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 *
 * Since: 2.40
 **/
GVariant *
g_settings_get_user_value (GSettings   *settings,
                           const gchar *key)
{
  GSettingsSchemaKey skey;
  GVariant *value;

  g_return_val_if_fail (G_IS_SETTINGS (settings), NULL);
  g_return_val_if_fail (key != NULL, NULL);

  g_settings_schema_key_init (&skey, settings->priv->schema, key);
  value = g_settings_read_from_backend (settings, &skey, TRUE, FALSE);
  g_settings_schema_key_clear (&skey);

  return value;
}

/**
 * g_settings_get_default_value:
 * @settings: a #GSettings object
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 * @key: the key to get the default value for
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 *
 * Gets the "default value" of a key.
 *
 * This is the value that would be read if g_settings_reset() were to be
 * called on the key.
 *
 * Note that this may be a different value than returned by
 * g_settings_schema_key_get_default_value() if the system administrator
 * has provided a default value.
 *
 * Comparing the return values of g_settings_get_default_value() and
 * g_settings_get_value() is not sufficient for determining if a value
 * has been set because the user may have explicitly set the value to
 * something that happens to be equal to the default.  The difference
 * here is that if the default changes in the future, the user's key
 * will still be set.
 *
 * This function may be useful for adding an indication to a UI of what
 * the default value was before the user set it.
 *
 * It is a programmer error to give a @key that isn't contained in the
 * schema for @settings.
 *
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 * Returns: (nullable) (transfer full): the default value
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 *
 * Since: 2.40
 **/
GVariant *
g_settings_get_default_value (GSettings   *settings,
                              const gchar *key)
{
  GSettingsSchemaKey skey;
  GVariant *value;

  g_return_val_if_fail (G_IS_SETTINGS (settings), NULL);
  g_return_val_if_fail (key != NULL, NULL);

  g_settings_schema_key_init (&skey, settings->priv->schema, key);
  value = g_settings_read_from_backend (settings, &skey, FALSE, TRUE);

  if (value == NULL)
    value = g_settings_schema_key_get_translated_default (&skey);

  if (value == NULL)
    value = g_variant_ref (skey.default_value);

  g_settings_schema_key_clear (&skey);

  return value;
}

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/**
 * g_settings_get_enum:
 * @settings: a #GSettings object
 * @key: the key to get the value for
 *
 * Gets the value that is stored in @settings for @key and converts it
 * to the enum value that it represents.
 *
 * In order to use this function the type of the value must be a string
 * and it must be marked in the schema file as an enumerated type.
 *
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 * It is a programmer error to give a @key that isn't contained in the
 * schema for @settings or is not marked as an enumerated type.
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 *
 * If the value stored in the configuration database is not a valid
 * value for the enumerated type then this function will return the
 * default value.
 *
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 * Returns: the enum value
 *
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 * Since: 2.26
 **/
gint
g_settings_get_enum (GSettings   *settings,
                     const gchar *key)
{
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  GSettingsSchemaKey skey;
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  GVariant *value;
  gint result;

  g_return_val_if_fail (G_IS_SETTINGS (settings), -1);
  g_return_val_if_fail (key != NULL, -1);

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  g_settings_schema_key_init (&skey, settings->priv->schema, key);
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  if (!skey.is_enum)
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    {
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      g_critical ("g_settings_get_enum() called on key '%s' which is not "
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                  "associated with an enumerated type", skey.name);
      g_settings_schema_key_clear (&skey);
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      return -1;
    }

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  value = g_settings_read_from_backend (settings, &skey, FALSE, FALSE);
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  if (value == NULL)
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    value = g_settings_schema_key_get_translated_default (&skey);
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  if (value == NULL)
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    value = g_variant_ref (skey.default_value);
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  result = g_settings_schema_key_to_enum (&skey, value);
  g_settings_schema_key_clear (&skey);
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  g_variant_unref (value);

  return result;
}

/**
 * g_settings_set_enum:
 * @settings: a #GSettings object
 * @key: a key, within @settings
 * @value: an enumerated value
 *
 * Looks up the enumerated type nick for @value and writes it to @key,
 * within @settings.
 *
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 * It is a programmer error to give a @key that isn't contained in the
 * schema for @settings or is not marked as an enumerated type, or for
 * @value not to be a valid value for the named type.
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 *
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 * After performing the write, accessing @key directly with
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 * g_settings_get_string() will return the 'nick' associated with
 * @value.
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 *
 * Returns: %TRUE, if the set succeeds
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 **/
gboolean
g_settings_set_enum (GSettings   *settings,
                     const gchar *key,
                     gint         value)
{
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  GSettingsSchemaKey skey;
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  GVariant *variant;
  gboolean success;

  g_return_val_if_fail (G_IS_SETTINGS (settings), FALSE);
  g_return_val_if_fail (key != NULL, FALSE);

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  g_settings_schema_key_init (&skey, settings->priv->schema, key);
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  if (!skey.is_enum)
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    {
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      g_critical ("g_settings_set_enum() called on key '%s' which is not "
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                  "associated with an enumerated type", skey.name);
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      return FALSE;
    }

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  if (!(variant = g_settings_schema_key_from_enum (&skey, value)))
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    {
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      g_critical ("g_settings_set_enum(): invalid enum value %d for key '%s' "
                  "in schema '%s'.  Doing nothing.", value, skey.name,
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                  g_settings_schema_get_id (skey.schema));
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      g_settings_schema_key_clear (&skey);
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      return FALSE;
    }

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  success = g_settings_write_to_backend (settings, &skey, variant);
  g_settings_schema_key_clear (&skey);
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  return success;
}

/**
 * g_settings_get_flags:
 * @settings: a #GSettings object
 * @key: the key to get the value for
 *
 * Gets the value that is stored in @settings for @key and converts it
 * to the flags value that it represents.
 *
 * In order to use this function the type of the value must be an array
 * of strings and it must be marked in the schema file as an flags type.
 *
 * It is a programmer error to give a @key that isn't contained in the
 * schema for @settings or is not marked as a flags type.
 *
 * If the value stored in the configuration database is not a valid
 * value for the flags type then this function will return the default
 * value.
 *
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 * Returns: the flags value
 *
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 * Since: 2.26
 **/
guint
g_settings_get_flags (GSettings   *settings,
                      const gchar *key)
{
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  GSettingsSchemaKey skey;
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  GVariant *value;
  guint result;

  g_return_val_if_fail (G_IS_SETTINGS (settings), -1);
  g_return_val_if_fail (key != NULL, -1);

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  g_settings_schema_key_init (&skey, settings->priv->schema, key);
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  if (!skey.is_flags)
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    {
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      g_critical ("g_settings_get_flags() called on key '%s' which is not "
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                  "associated with a flags type", skey.name);
      g_settings_schema_key_clear (&skey);
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      return -1;
    }

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  value = g_settings_read_from_backend (settings, &skey, FALSE, FALSE);
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  if (value == NULL)
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    value = g_settings_schema_key_get_translated_default (&skey);
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  if (value == NULL)
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    value = g_variant_ref (skey.default_value);
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  result = g_settings_schema_key_to_flags (&skey, value);
  g_settings_schema_key_clear (&skey);
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  g_variant_unref (value);

  return result;
}

/**
 * g_settings_set_flags:
 * @settings: a #GSettings object
 * @key: a key, within @settings
 * @value: a flags value
 *
 * Looks up the flags type nicks for the bits specified by @value, puts
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 * them in an array of strings and writes the array to @key, within
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 * @settings.
 *
 * It is a programmer error to give a @key that isn't contained in the
 * schema for @settings or is not marked as a flags type, or for @value
 * to contain any bits that are not value for the named type.
 *
 * After performing the write, accessing @key directly with
 * g_settings_get_strv() will return an array of 'nicks'; one for each
 * bit in @value.
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 *
 * Returns: %TRUE, if the set succeeds
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 **/
gboolean
g_settings_set_flags (GSettings   *settings,
                      const gchar *key,
                      guint        value)
{
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  GSettingsSchemaKey skey;
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  GVariant *variant;
  gboolean success;

  g_return_val_if_fail (G_IS_SETTINGS (settings), FALSE);
  g_return_val_if_fail (key != NULL, FALSE);

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  g_settings_schema_key_init (&skey, settings->priv->schema, key);
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  if (!skey.is_flags)
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    {
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      g_critical ("g_settings_set_flags() called on key '%s' which is not "
1525
                  "associated with a flags type", skey.name);
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      return FALSE;
    }

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  if (!(variant = g_settings_schema_key_from_flags (&skey, value)))
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    {
      g_critical ("g_settings_set_flags(): invalid flags value 0x%08x "
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                  "for key '%s' in schema '%s'.  Doing nothing.",
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                  value, skey.name, g_settings_schema_get_id (skey.schema));
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      g_settings_schema_key_clear (&skey);
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      return FALSE;
    }

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  success = g_settings_write_to_backend (settings, &skey, variant);
  g_settings_schema_key_clear (&skey);
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  return success;
}

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/**
 * g_settings_set_value:
 * @settings: a #GSettings object
 * @key: the name of the key to set
 * @value: a #GVariant of the correct type
 *
 * Sets @key in @settings to @value.
 *
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 * It is a programmer error to give a @key that isn't contained in the
 * schema for @settings or for @value to have the incorrect type, per
 * the schema.
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 *
 * If @value is floating then this function consumes the reference.
 *
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 * Returns: %TRUE if setting the key succeeded,
 *     %FALSE if the key was not writable
 *
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 * Since: 2.26
 **/
gboolean
g_settings_set_value (GSettings   *settings,
                      const gchar *key,
                      GVariant    *value)
{
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  GSettingsSchemaKey skey;
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  gboolean success;
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  g_return_val_if_fail (G_IS_SETTINGS (settings), FALSE);
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  g_return_val_if_fail (key != NULL, FALSE);
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  g_variant_ref_sink (value);
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  g_settings_schema_key_init (&skey, settings->priv->schema, key);
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  if (!g_settings_schema_key_type_check (&skey, value))
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    {
      g_critical ("g_settings_set_value: key '%s' in '%s' expects type '%s', but a GVariant of type '%s' was given",
                  key,
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                  g_settings_schema_get_id (settings->priv->schema),
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                  g_variant_type_peek_string (skey.type),
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                  g_variant_get_type_string (value));
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      success = FALSE;
    }
  else if (!g_settings_schema_key_range_check (&skey, value))
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    {
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      g_warning ("g_settings_set_value: value for key '%s' in schema '%s' "
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                 "is outside of valid range",
                 key,
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                 g_settings_schema_get_id (settings->priv->schema));
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      success = FALSE;
    }
  else
    {
      success = g_settings_write_to_backend (settings, &skey, value);
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    }

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  g_settings_schema_key_clear (&skey);
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  g_variant_unref (value);
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  return success;
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}

/**
 * g_settings_get:
 * @settings: a #GSettings object
 * @key: the key to get the value for
 * @format: a #GVariant format string
 * @...: arguments as per @format
 *
 * Gets the value that is stored at @key in @settings.
 *
 * A convenience function that combines g_settings_get_value() with
 * g_variant_get().
 *
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 * It is a programmer error to give a @key that isn't contained in the
 * schema for @settings or for the #GVariantType of @format to mismatch
 * the type given in the schema.
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 *
 * Since: 2.26
 */
void
g_settings_get (GSettings   *settings,
                const gchar *key,
                const gchar *format,
                ...)
{
  GVariant *value;
  va_list ap;

  value = g_settings_get_value (settings, key);

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  if (strchr (format, '&'))
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    {
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      g_critical ("%s: the format string may not contain '&' (key '%s' from schema '