build: Include prefix in libdir & co.

Previously, when absolute `libdir` path was needed, it was joined
with `prefix` on the spot. This meant the libraries used relative
`install_dir` when `libdir` option was not passed. This in turn
caused issues for NixOS’s patched Meson which needs absolute paths
to be able to use them in generated GIR files.

This commit initializes `bindir`, `libdir`, and `datadir` with
`prefix` in the top-level
1 job for prefix in 3 minutes and 21 seconds (queued for 1 second)
Status Name Job ID Coverage
passed build-polari #1466