xpath.h 13.7 KB
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/*
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 * Summary: XML Path Language implementation
 * Description: API for the XML Path Language implementation
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 *
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 * XML Path Language implementation
 * XPath is a language for addressing parts of an XML document,
 * designed to be used by both XSLT and XPointer
 *     http://www.w3.org/TR/xpath
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 *
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 * Implements
 * W3C Recommendation 16 November 1999
 *     http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/REC-xpath-19991116
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 *
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 * Copy: See Copyright for the status of this software.
 *
 * Author: Daniel Veillard
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 */

#ifndef __XML_XPATH_H__
#define __XML_XPATH_H__

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#include <libxml/xmlversion.h>
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#include <libxml/xmlerror.h>
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#include <libxml/tree.h>
#include <libxml/hash.h>

#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif

typedef struct _xmlXPathContext xmlXPathContext;
typedef xmlXPathContext *xmlXPathContextPtr;
typedef struct _xmlXPathParserContext xmlXPathParserContext;
typedef xmlXPathParserContext *xmlXPathParserContextPtr;

/**
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 * The set of XPath error codes.
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 */

typedef enum {
    XPATH_EXPRESSION_OK = 0,
    XPATH_NUMBER_ERROR,
    XPATH_UNFINISHED_LITERAL_ERROR,
    XPATH_START_LITERAL_ERROR,
    XPATH_VARIABLE_REF_ERROR,
    XPATH_UNDEF_VARIABLE_ERROR,
    XPATH_INVALID_PREDICATE_ERROR,
    XPATH_EXPR_ERROR,
    XPATH_UNCLOSED_ERROR,
    XPATH_UNKNOWN_FUNC_ERROR,
    XPATH_INVALID_OPERAND,
    XPATH_INVALID_TYPE,
    XPATH_INVALID_ARITY,
    XPATH_INVALID_CTXT_SIZE,
    XPATH_INVALID_CTXT_POSITION,
    XPATH_MEMORY_ERROR,
    XPTR_SYNTAX_ERROR,
    XPTR_RESOURCE_ERROR,
    XPTR_SUB_RESOURCE_ERROR,
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    XPATH_UNDEF_PREFIX_ERROR,
    XPATH_ENCODING_ERROR,
    XPATH_INVALID_CHAR_ERROR
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} xmlXPathError;

/*
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 * A node-set (an unordered collection of nodes without duplicates).
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 */
typedef struct _xmlNodeSet xmlNodeSet;
typedef xmlNodeSet *xmlNodeSetPtr;
struct _xmlNodeSet {
    int nodeNr;			/* number of nodes in the set */
    int nodeMax;		/* size of the array as allocated */
    xmlNodePtr *nodeTab;	/* array of nodes in no particular order */
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    /* @@ with_ns to check wether namespace nodes should be looked at @@ */
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};

/*
 * An expression is evaluated to yield an object, which
 * has one of the following four basic types:
 *   - node-set
 *   - boolean
 *   - number
 *   - string
 *
 * @@ XPointer will add more types !
 */

typedef enum {
    XPATH_UNDEFINED = 0,
    XPATH_NODESET = 1,
    XPATH_BOOLEAN = 2,
    XPATH_NUMBER = 3,
    XPATH_STRING = 4,
    XPATH_POINT = 5,
    XPATH_RANGE = 6,
    XPATH_LOCATIONSET = 7,
    XPATH_USERS = 8,
    XPATH_XSLT_TREE = 9  /* An XSLT value tree, non modifiable */
} xmlXPathObjectType;

typedef struct _xmlXPathObject xmlXPathObject;
typedef xmlXPathObject *xmlXPathObjectPtr;
struct _xmlXPathObject {
    xmlXPathObjectType type;
    xmlNodeSetPtr nodesetval;
    int boolval;
    double floatval;
    xmlChar *stringval;
    void *user;
    int index;
    void *user2;
    int index2;
};

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/**
 * xmlXPathConvertFunc:
 * @obj:  an XPath object
 * @type:  the number of the target type
 *
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 * A conversion function is associated to a type and used to cast
 * the new type to primitive values.
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 *
 * Returns -1 in case of error, 0 otherwise
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 */
typedef int (*xmlXPathConvertFunc) (xmlXPathObjectPtr obj, int type);

/*
 * Extra type: a name and a conversion function.
 */

typedef struct _xmlXPathType xmlXPathType;
typedef xmlXPathType *xmlXPathTypePtr;
struct _xmlXPathType {
    const xmlChar         *name;		/* the type name */
    xmlXPathConvertFunc func;		/* the conversion function */
};

/*
 * Extra variable: a name and a value.
 */

typedef struct _xmlXPathVariable xmlXPathVariable;
typedef xmlXPathVariable *xmlXPathVariablePtr;
struct _xmlXPathVariable {
    const xmlChar       *name;		/* the variable name */
    xmlXPathObjectPtr value;		/* the value */
};

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/**
 * xmlXPathEvalFunc:
 * @ctxt: an XPath parser context
 * @nargs: the number of arguments passed to the function
 *
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 * An XPath evaluation function, the parameters are on the XPath context stack.
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 */

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typedef void (*xmlXPathEvalFunc)(xmlXPathParserContextPtr ctxt,
	                         int nargs);
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/*
 * Extra function: a name and a evaluation function.
 */

typedef struct _xmlXPathFunct xmlXPathFunct;
typedef xmlXPathFunct *xmlXPathFuncPtr;
struct _xmlXPathFunct {
    const xmlChar      *name;		/* the function name */
    xmlXPathEvalFunc func;		/* the evaluation function */
};

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/**
 * xmlXPathAxisFunc:
 * @ctxt:  the XPath interpreter context
 * @cur:  the previous node being explored on that axis
 *
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 * An axis traversal function. To traverse an axis, the engine calls
 * the first time with cur == NULL and repeat until the function returns
 * NULL indicating the end of the axis traversal.
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 *
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 * Returns the next node in that axis or NULL if at the end of the axis.
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 */

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typedef xmlXPathObjectPtr (*xmlXPathAxisFunc) (xmlXPathParserContextPtr ctxt,
				 xmlXPathObjectPtr cur);
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/*
 * Extra axis: a name and an axis function.
 */

typedef struct _xmlXPathAxis xmlXPathAxis;
typedef xmlXPathAxis *xmlXPathAxisPtr;
struct _xmlXPathAxis {
    const xmlChar      *name;		/* the axis name */
    xmlXPathAxisFunc func;		/* the search function */
};

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/**
 * xmlXPathContext:
 *
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 * Expression evaluation occurs with respect to a context.
 * he context consists of:
 *    - a node (the context node) 
 *    - a node list (the context node list) 
 *    - a set of variable bindings 
 *    - a function library 
 *    - the set of namespace declarations in scope for the expression 
 * Following the switch to hash tables, this need to be trimmed up at
 * the next binary incompatible release.
 */

struct _xmlXPathContext {
    xmlDocPtr doc;			/* The current document */
    xmlNodePtr node;			/* The current node */

    int nb_variables_unused;		/* unused (hash table) */
    int max_variables_unused;		/* unused (hash table) */
    xmlHashTablePtr varHash;		/* Hash table of defined variables */

    int nb_types;			/* number of defined types */
    int max_types;			/* max number of types */
    xmlXPathTypePtr types;		/* Array of defined types */

    int nb_funcs_unused;		/* unused (hash table) */
    int max_funcs_unused;		/* unused (hash table) */
    xmlHashTablePtr funcHash;		/* Hash table of defined funcs */

    int nb_axis;			/* number of defined axis */
    int max_axis;			/* max number of axis */
    xmlXPathAxisPtr axis;		/* Array of defined axis */

    /* the namespace nodes of the context node */
    xmlNsPtr *namespaces;		/* Array of namespaces */
    int nsNr;				/* number of namespace in scope */
    void *user;				/* function to free */

    /* extra variables */
    int contextSize;			/* the context size */
    int proximityPosition;		/* the proximity position */

    /* extra stuff for XPointer */
    int xptr;				/* it this an XPointer context */
    xmlNodePtr here;			/* for here() */
    xmlNodePtr origin;			/* for origin() */

    /* the set of namespace declarations in scope for the expression */
    xmlHashTablePtr nsHash;		/* The namespaces hash table */
    void *varLookupFunc;		/* variable lookup func */
    void *varLookupData;		/* variable lookup data */

    /* Possibility to link in an extra item */
    void *extra;                        /* needed for XSLT */
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    /* The function name and URI when calling a function */
    const xmlChar *function;
    const xmlChar *functionURI;
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    /* function lookup function and data */
    void *funcLookupFunc;		/* function lookup func */
    void *funcLookupData;		/* function lookup data */
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    /* temporary namespace lists kept for walking the namespace axis */
    xmlNsPtr *tmpNsList;		/* Array of namespaces */
    int tmpNsNr;			/* number of namespace in scope */
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    /* error reporting mechanism */
    void *userData;                     /* user specific data block */
    xmlStructuredErrorFunc error;       /* the callback in case of errors */
    xmlError lastError;			/* the last error */
    xmlNodePtr debugNode;		/* the source node XSLT */
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    /* dictionnary */
    xmlDictPtr dict;			/* dictionnary if any */
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};

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/*
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 * The structure of a compiled expression form is not public.
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 */

typedef struct _xmlXPathCompExpr xmlXPathCompExpr;
typedef xmlXPathCompExpr *xmlXPathCompExprPtr;

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/**
 * xmlXPathParserContext:
 *
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 * An XPath parser context. It contains pure parsing informations,
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 * an xmlXPathContext, and the stack of objects.
 */
struct _xmlXPathParserContext {
    const xmlChar *cur;			/* the current char being parsed */
    const xmlChar *base;			/* the full expression */

    int error;				/* error code */

    xmlXPathContextPtr  context;	/* the evaluation context */
    xmlXPathObjectPtr     value;	/* the current value */
    int                 valueNr;	/* number of values stacked */
    int                valueMax;	/* max number of values stacked */
    xmlXPathObjectPtr *valueTab;	/* stack of values */
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    xmlXPathCompExprPtr comp;		/* the precompiled expression */
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    int xptr;				/* it this an XPointer expression */
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    xmlNodePtr         ancestor;	/* used for walking preceding axis */
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};

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/**
 * xmlXPathFunction:
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 * @ctxt:  the XPath interprestation context
 * @nargs:  the number of arguments
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 *
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 * An XPath function.
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 * The arguments (if any) are popped out from the context stack
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 * and the result is pushed on the stack.
 */

typedef void (*xmlXPathFunction) (xmlXPathParserContextPtr ctxt, int nargs);

/************************************************************************
 *									*
 *			Public API					*
 *									*
 ************************************************************************/

/**
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 * Objects and Nodesets handling
 */
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XMLPUBVAR double xmlXPathNAN;
XMLPUBVAR double xmlXPathPINF;
XMLPUBVAR double xmlXPathNINF;
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XMLPUBFUN int XMLCALL
		xmlXPathIsNaN	(double val);
XMLPUBFUN int XMLCALL
		xmlXPathIsInf	(double val);
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/* These macros may later turn into functions */
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/**
 * xmlXPathNodeSetGetLength:
 * @ns:  a node-set
 *
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 * Implement a functionality similar to the DOM NodeList.length.
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 *
 * Returns the number of nodes in the node-set.
 */
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#define xmlXPathNodeSetGetLength(ns) ((ns) ? (ns)->nodeNr : 0)
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/**
 * xmlXPathNodeSetItem:
 * @ns:  a node-set
 * @index:  index of a node in the set
 *
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 * Implements a functionality similar to the DOM NodeList.item().
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 *
 * Returns the xmlNodePtr at the given @index in @ns or NULL if
 *         @index is out of range (0 to length-1)
 */
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#define xmlXPathNodeSetItem(ns, index)				\
		((((ns) != NULL) && 				\
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		  ((index) >= 0) && ((index) < (ns)->nodeNr)) ?	\
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		 (ns)->nodeTab[(index)]				\
		 : NULL)
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/**
 * xmlXPathNodeSetIsEmpty:
 * @ns: a node-set
 *
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 * Checks whether @ns is empty or not.
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 *
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 * Returns %TRUE if @ns is an empty node-set.
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 */
#define xmlXPathNodeSetIsEmpty(ns)                                      \
    (((ns) == NULL) || ((ns)->nodeNr == 0) || ((ns)->nodeTab == NULL))
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XMLPUBFUN void XMLCALL		   
		    xmlXPathFreeObject		(xmlXPathObjectPtr obj);
XMLPUBFUN xmlNodeSetPtr XMLCALL	   
		    xmlXPathNodeSetCreate	(xmlNodePtr val);
XMLPUBFUN void XMLCALL		   
		    xmlXPathFreeNodeSetList	(xmlXPathObjectPtr obj);
XMLPUBFUN void XMLCALL		   
		    xmlXPathFreeNodeSet		(xmlNodeSetPtr obj);
XMLPUBFUN xmlXPathObjectPtr XMLCALL  
		    xmlXPathObjectCopy		(xmlXPathObjectPtr val);
XMLPUBFUN int XMLCALL		   
		    xmlXPathCmpNodes		(xmlNodePtr node1,
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						 xmlNodePtr node2);
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/**
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 * Conversion functions to basic types.
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 */
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XMLPUBFUN int XMLCALL		   
		    xmlXPathCastNumberToBoolean	(double val);
XMLPUBFUN int XMLCALL		   
		    xmlXPathCastStringToBoolean	(const xmlChar * val);
XMLPUBFUN int XMLCALL		   
		    xmlXPathCastNodeSetToBoolean(xmlNodeSetPtr ns);
XMLPUBFUN int XMLCALL		   
		    xmlXPathCastToBoolean	(xmlXPathObjectPtr val);

XMLPUBFUN double XMLCALL		   
		    xmlXPathCastBooleanToNumber	(int val);
XMLPUBFUN double XMLCALL		   
		    xmlXPathCastStringToNumber	(const xmlChar * val);
XMLPUBFUN double XMLCALL		   
		    xmlXPathCastNodeToNumber	(xmlNodePtr node);
XMLPUBFUN double XMLCALL		   
		    xmlXPathCastNodeSetToNumber	(xmlNodeSetPtr ns);
XMLPUBFUN double XMLCALL		   
		    xmlXPathCastToNumber	(xmlXPathObjectPtr val);

XMLPUBFUN xmlChar * XMLCALL	   
		    xmlXPathCastBooleanToString	(int val);
XMLPUBFUN xmlChar * XMLCALL	   
		    xmlXPathCastNumberToString	(double val);
XMLPUBFUN xmlChar * XMLCALL	   
		    xmlXPathCastNodeToString	(xmlNodePtr node);
XMLPUBFUN xmlChar * XMLCALL	   
		    xmlXPathCastNodeSetToString	(xmlNodeSetPtr ns);
XMLPUBFUN xmlChar * XMLCALL	   
		    xmlXPathCastToString	(xmlXPathObjectPtr val);

XMLPUBFUN xmlXPathObjectPtr XMLCALL  
		    xmlXPathConvertBoolean	(xmlXPathObjectPtr val);
XMLPUBFUN xmlXPathObjectPtr XMLCALL  
		    xmlXPathConvertNumber	(xmlXPathObjectPtr val);
XMLPUBFUN xmlXPathObjectPtr XMLCALL  
		    xmlXPathConvertString	(xmlXPathObjectPtr val);
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/**
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 * Context handling.
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 */
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XMLPUBFUN void XMLCALL		   
		    xmlXPathInit		(void);
XMLPUBFUN xmlXPathContextPtr XMLCALL 
		    xmlXPathNewContext		(xmlDocPtr doc);
XMLPUBFUN void XMLCALL		   
		    xmlXPathFreeContext		(xmlXPathContextPtr ctxt);
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/**
 * Evaluation functions.
 */
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XMLPUBFUN long XMLCALL               
		    xmlXPathOrderDocElems	(xmlDocPtr doc);
XMLPUBFUN xmlXPathObjectPtr XMLCALL  
		    xmlXPathEval		(const xmlChar *str,
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						 xmlXPathContextPtr ctx);
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XMLPUBFUN xmlXPathObjectPtr XMLCALL  
		    xmlXPathEvalExpression	(const xmlChar *str,
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						 xmlXPathContextPtr ctxt);
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XMLPUBFUN int XMLCALL                
		    xmlXPathEvalPredicate	(xmlXPathContextPtr ctxt,
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						 xmlXPathObjectPtr res);
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/**
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 * Separate compilation/evaluation entry points.
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 */
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XMLPUBFUN xmlXPathCompExprPtr XMLCALL 
		    xmlXPathCompile		(const xmlChar *str);
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XMLPUBFUN xmlXPathCompExprPtr XMLCALL 
		    xmlXPathCtxtCompile		(xmlXPathContextPtr ctxt,
		    				 const xmlChar *str);
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XMLPUBFUN xmlXPathObjectPtr XMLCALL   
		    xmlXPathCompiledEval	(xmlXPathCompExprPtr comp,
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						 xmlXPathContextPtr ctx);
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XMLPUBFUN void XMLCALL                
		    xmlXPathFreeCompExpr	(xmlXPathCompExprPtr comp);
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#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif
#endif /* ! __XML_XPATH_H__ */