RFC 6455:
The length of the "Payload data", in bytes: if 0-125, that is the
payload length. If 126, the following 2 bytes interpreted as a
16-bit unsigned integer are the payload length. If 127, the
following 8 bytes interpreted as a 64-bit unsigned integer (the
most significant bit MUST be 0) are the payload length. Multibyte
length quantities are expressed in network byte order. Note that
in all cases, the minimal number of bytes MUST be used to encode
the length, for example, the length of a 124-byte-long string
can't be encoded as the sequence 126, 0, 124.