packbox.c 9.97 KB
Newer Older
1
2
3
4
/* This file extracted from the GTK tutorial. */

/* packbox.c */

5
6
7
#include <stdio.h>
#include <gtk/gtk.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
8
9

void
10
delete_event (GtkWidget *widget, GdkEvent *event, gpointer data)
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
{
    gtk_main_quit ();
}

/* Make a new hbox filled with button-labels. Arguments for the 
 * variables we're interested are passed in to this function. 
 * We do not show the box, but do show everything inside. */
GtkWidget *make_box (gint homogeneous, gint spacing,
		     gint expand, gint fill, gint padding) 
{
    GtkWidget *box;
    GtkWidget *button;
    char padstr[80];
    
    /* create a new hbox with the appropriate homogeneous and spacing
     * settings */
    box = gtk_hbox_new (homogeneous, spacing);
    
    /* create a series of buttons with the appropriate settings */
    button = gtk_button_new_with_label ("gtk_box_pack");
    gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box), button, expand, fill, padding);
    gtk_widget_show (button);
    
    button = gtk_button_new_with_label ("(box,");
    gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box), button, expand, fill, padding);
    gtk_widget_show (button);
    
    button = gtk_button_new_with_label ("button,");
    gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box), button, expand, fill, padding);
    gtk_widget_show (button);
    
    /* create a button with the label depending on the value of
     * expand. */
    if (expand == TRUE)
	    button = gtk_button_new_with_label ("TRUE,");
    else
	    button = gtk_button_new_with_label ("FALSE,");
    
    gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box), button, expand, fill, padding);
    gtk_widget_show (button);
    
    /* This is the same as the button creation for "expand"
     * above, but uses the shorthand form. */
    button = gtk_button_new_with_label (fill ? "TRUE," : "FALSE,");
    gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box), button, expand, fill, padding);
    gtk_widget_show (button);
    
    sprintf (padstr, "%d);", padding);
    
    button = gtk_button_new_with_label (padstr);
    gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box), button, expand, fill, padding);
    gtk_widget_show (button);
    
    return box;
}

int
main (int argc, char *argv[])
{
    GtkWidget *window;
    GtkWidget *button;
    GtkWidget *box1;
    GtkWidget *box2;
    GtkWidget *separator;
    GtkWidget *label;
    GtkWidget *quitbox;
    int which;
    
    /* Our init, don't forget this! :) */
    gtk_init (&argc, &argv);
    
    if (argc != 2) {
	fprintf (stderr, "usage: packbox num, where num is 1, 2, or 3.\n");
	/* this just does cleanup in GTK, and exits with an exit status of 1. */
	gtk_exit (1);
    }
    
    which = atoi (argv[1]);

    /* Create our window */
    window = gtk_window_new (GTK_WINDOW_TOPLEVEL);

    /* You should always remember to connect the destroy signal to the
     * main window.  This is very important for proper intuitive
     * behavior */
    gtk_signal_connect (GTK_OBJECT (window), "delete_event",
			GTK_SIGNAL_FUNC (delete_event), NULL);
    gtk_container_border_width (GTK_CONTAINER (window), 10);
    
    /* We create a vertical box (vbox) to pack the horizontal boxes into.
     * This allows us to stack the horizontal boxes filled with buttons one
     * on top of the other in this vbox. */
    box1 = gtk_vbox_new (FALSE, 0);
    
    /* which example to show.  These correspond to the pictures above. */
    switch (which) {
    case 1:
	/* create a new label. */
	label = gtk_label_new ("gtk_hbox_new (FALSE, 0);");
	
	/* Align the label to the left side.  We'll discuss this function and 
	 * others in the section on Widget Attributes. */
	gtk_misc_set_alignment (GTK_MISC (label), 0, 0);

	/* Pack the label into the vertical box (vbox box1).  Remember that 
	 * widgets added to a vbox will be packed one on top of the other in
	 * order. */
	gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box1), label, FALSE, FALSE, 0);
	
	/* show the label */
	gtk_widget_show (label);
	
	/* call our make box function - homogeneous = FALSE, spacing = 0,
	 * expand = FALSE, fill = FALSE, padding = 0 */
	box2 = make_box (FALSE, 0, FALSE, FALSE, 0);
	gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box1), box2, FALSE, FALSE, 0);
	gtk_widget_show (box2);

	/* call our make box function - homogeneous = FALSE, spacing = 0,
	 * expand = FALSE, fill = FALSE, padding = 0 */
	box2 = make_box (FALSE, 0, TRUE, FALSE, 0);
	gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box1), box2, FALSE, FALSE, 0);
	gtk_widget_show (box2);
	
	/* Args are: homogeneous, spacing, expand, fill, padding */
	box2 = make_box (FALSE, 0, TRUE, TRUE, 0);
	gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box1), box2, FALSE, FALSE, 0);
	gtk_widget_show (box2);
	
	/* creates a separator, we'll learn more about these later, 
	 * but they are quite simple. */
	separator = gtk_hseparator_new ();
	
	/* pack the separator into the vbox.  Remember each of these
	 * widgets are being packed into a vbox, so they'll be stacked
	 * vertically. */
	gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box1), separator, FALSE, TRUE, 5);
	gtk_widget_show (separator);
	
	/* create another new label, and show it. */
	label = gtk_label_new ("gtk_hbox_new (TRUE, 0);");
	gtk_misc_set_alignment (GTK_MISC (label), 0, 0);
	gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box1), label, FALSE, FALSE, 0);
	gtk_widget_show (label);
	
	/* Args are: homogeneous, spacing, expand, fill, padding */
	box2 = make_box (TRUE, 0, TRUE, FALSE, 0);
	gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box1), box2, FALSE, FALSE, 0);
	gtk_widget_show (box2);
	
	/* Args are: homogeneous, spacing, expand, fill, padding */
	box2 = make_box (TRUE, 0, TRUE, TRUE, 0);
	gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box1), box2, FALSE, FALSE, 0);
	gtk_widget_show (box2);
	
	/* another new separator. */
	separator = gtk_hseparator_new ();
	/* The last 3 arguments to gtk_box_pack_start are: expand, fill, padding. */
	gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box1), separator, FALSE, TRUE, 5);
	gtk_widget_show (separator);
	
	break;

    case 2:

	/* create a new label, remember box1 is a vbox as created 
	 * near the beginning of main() */
	label = gtk_label_new ("gtk_hbox_new (FALSE, 10);");
	gtk_misc_set_alignment (GTK_MISC (label), 0, 0);
	gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box1), label, FALSE, FALSE, 0);
	gtk_widget_show (label);
	
	/* Args are: homogeneous, spacing, expand, fill, padding */
	box2 = make_box (FALSE, 10, TRUE, FALSE, 0);
	gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box1), box2, FALSE, FALSE, 0);
	gtk_widget_show (box2);
	
	/* Args are: homogeneous, spacing, expand, fill, padding */
	box2 = make_box (FALSE, 10, TRUE, TRUE, 0);
	gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box1), box2, FALSE, FALSE, 0);
	gtk_widget_show (box2);
	
	separator = gtk_hseparator_new ();
	/* The last 3 arguments to gtk_box_pack_start are: expand, fill, padding. */
	gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box1), separator, FALSE, TRUE, 5);
	gtk_widget_show (separator);
	
	label = gtk_label_new ("gtk_hbox_new (FALSE, 0);");
	gtk_misc_set_alignment (GTK_MISC (label), 0, 0);
	gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box1), label, FALSE, FALSE, 0);
	gtk_widget_show (label);
	
	/* Args are: homogeneous, spacing, expand, fill, padding */
	box2 = make_box (FALSE, 0, TRUE, FALSE, 10);
	gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box1), box2, FALSE, FALSE, 0);
	gtk_widget_show (box2);
	
	/* Args are: homogeneous, spacing, expand, fill, padding */
	box2 = make_box (FALSE, 0, TRUE, TRUE, 10);
	gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box1), box2, FALSE, FALSE, 0);
	gtk_widget_show (box2);
	
	separator = gtk_hseparator_new ();
	/* The last 3 arguments to gtk_box_pack_start are: expand, fill, padding. */
	gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box1), separator, FALSE, TRUE, 5);
	gtk_widget_show (separator);
	break;
    
    case 3:

    /* This demonstrates the ability to use gtk_box_pack_end() to
	 * right justify widgets.  First, we create a new box as before. */
	box2 = make_box (FALSE, 0, FALSE, FALSE, 0);
	/* create the label that will be put at the end. */
	label = gtk_label_new ("end");
	/* pack it using gtk_box_pack_end(), so it is put on the right side
	 * of the hbox created in the make_box() call. */
	gtk_box_pack_end (GTK_BOX (box2), label, FALSE, FALSE, 0);
	/* show the label. */
	gtk_widget_show (label);
	
	/* pack box2 into box1 (the vbox remember ? :) */
	gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box1), box2, FALSE, FALSE, 0);
	gtk_widget_show (box2);
	
	/* a separator for the bottom. */
	separator = gtk_hseparator_new ();
	/* this explicitly sets the separator to 400 pixels wide by 5 pixels
	 * high.  This is so the hbox we created will also be 400 pixels wide,
	 * and the "end" label will be separated from the other labels in the
	 * hbox.  Otherwise, all the widgets in the hbox would be packed as
	 * close together as possible. */
	gtk_widget_set_usize (separator, 400, 5);
	/* pack the separator into the vbox (box1) created near the start 
	 * of main() */
	gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box1), separator, FALSE, TRUE, 5);
	gtk_widget_show (separator);    
    }
    
    /* Create another new hbox.. remember we can use as many as we need! */
    quitbox = gtk_hbox_new (FALSE, 0);
    
    /* Our quit button. */
    button = gtk_button_new_with_label ("Quit");
    
    /* setup the signal to destroy the window.  Remember that this will send
     * the "destroy" signal to the window which will be caught by our signal
     * handler as defined above. */
    gtk_signal_connect_object (GTK_OBJECT (button), "clicked",
			       GTK_SIGNAL_FUNC (gtk_main_quit),
			       GTK_OBJECT (window));
    /* pack the button into the quitbox.
     * The last 3 arguments to gtk_box_pack_start are: expand, fill, padding. */
    gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (quitbox), button, TRUE, FALSE, 0);
    /* pack the quitbox into the vbox (box1) */
    gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (box1), quitbox, FALSE, FALSE, 0);
    
    /* pack the vbox (box1) which now contains all our widgets, into the
     * main window. */
    gtk_container_add (GTK_CONTAINER (window), box1);
    
    /* and show everything left */
    gtk_widget_show (button);
    gtk_widget_show (quitbox);
    
    gtk_widget_show (box1);
    /* Showing the window last so everything pops up at once. */
    gtk_widget_show (window);
    
    /* And of course, our main function. */
    gtk_main ();

    /* control returns here when gtk_main_quit() is called, but not when 
     * gtk_exit is used. */
    
    return 0;
}