pixbufs.c 6.25 KB
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/* Pixbufs
 *
 * A GdkPixbuf represents an image, normally in RGB or RGBA format.
 * Pixbufs are normally used to load files from disk and perform
 * image scaling.
 *
 * This demo is not all that educational, but looks cool. It was written
 * by Extreme Pixbuf Hacker Federico Mena Quintero. It also shows
 * off how to use GtkDrawingArea to do a simple animation.
 *
 * Look at the Image demo for additional pixbuf usage examples.
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 *
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 */

#include <config.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <gtk/gtk.h>
#include <math.h>

#define FRAME_DELAY 50

#define RELATIVE_BACKGROUND_NAME "background.jpg"
#define INSTALLED_BACKGROUND_NAME DEMOCODEDIR"/background.jpg"

static const char *relative_image_names[] = {
  "apple-red.png",
  "gnome-applets.png",
  "gnome-calendar.png",
  "gnome-foot.png",
  "gnome-gmush.png",
  "gnome-gimp.png",
  "gnome-gsame.png",
  "gnu-keys.png"
};

static const char *installed_image_names[] = {
  DEMOCODEDIR"/apple-red.png",
  DEMOCODEDIR"/gnome-applets.png",
  DEMOCODEDIR"/gnome-calendar.png",
  DEMOCODEDIR"/gnome-foot.png",
  DEMOCODEDIR"/gnome-gmush.png",
  DEMOCODEDIR"/gnome-gimp.png",
  DEMOCODEDIR"/gnome-gsame.png",
  DEMOCODEDIR"/gnu-keys.png"
};

#define N_IMAGES G_N_ELEMENTS (relative_image_names)

/* demo window */
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static GtkWidget *window = NULL;
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/* Current frame */
static GdkPixbuf *frame;

/* Background image */
static GdkPixbuf *background;
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static gint back_width, back_height;
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/* Images */
static GdkPixbuf *images[N_IMAGES];

/* Widgets */
static GtkWidget *da;

/* Loads the images for the demo and returns whether the operation succeeded */
static gboolean
load_pixbufs (GError **error)
{
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  gint i;
  const gchar **image_names;
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  if (background)
    return TRUE; /* already loaded earlier */
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  background = gdk_pixbuf_new_from_file (RELATIVE_BACKGROUND_NAME, NULL);

  if (!background)
    background = gdk_pixbuf_new_from_file (INSTALLED_BACKGROUND_NAME, error);

  if (!background)
    return FALSE; /* note that "error" was filled in and returned */
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  back_width = gdk_pixbuf_get_width (background);
  back_height = gdk_pixbuf_get_height (background);

  if (g_file_test (relative_image_names[0], G_FILE_TEST_EXISTS))
    image_names = relative_image_names;
  else
    image_names = installed_image_names;
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  for (i = 0; i < N_IMAGES; i++)
    {
      images[i] = gdk_pixbuf_new_from_file (image_names[i], error);
      if (!images[i])
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	return FALSE; /* Note that "error" was filled with a GError */
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    }

  return TRUE;
}

/* Expose callback for the drawing area */
static gint
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expose_cb (GtkWidget	  *widget,
	   GdkEventExpose *event,
	   gpointer	   data)
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{
  guchar *pixels;
  int rowstride;

  rowstride = gdk_pixbuf_get_rowstride (frame);

  pixels = gdk_pixbuf_get_pixels (frame) + rowstride * event->area.y + event->area.x * 3;
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  gdk_draw_rgb_image_dithalign (widget->window,
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				widget->style->black_gc,
				event->area.x, event->area.y,
				event->area.width, event->area.height,
				GDK_RGB_DITHER_NORMAL,
				pixels, rowstride,
				event->area.x, event->area.y);
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  return TRUE;
}

#define CYCLE_LEN 60

static int frame_num;

/* Timeout handler to regenerate the frame */
static gint
timeout (gpointer data)
{
  double f;
  int i;
  double xmid, ymid;
  double radius;

  gdk_pixbuf_copy_area (background, 0, 0, back_width, back_height,
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			frame, 0, 0);
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  f = (double) (frame_num % CYCLE_LEN) / CYCLE_LEN;

  xmid = back_width / 2.0;
  ymid = back_height / 2.0;

  radius = MIN (xmid, ymid) / 2.0;

  for (i = 0; i < N_IMAGES; i++)
    {
      double ang;
      int xpos, ypos;
      int iw, ih;
      double r;
      GdkRectangle r1, r2, dest;
      double k;

      ang = 2.0 * M_PI * (double) i / N_IMAGES - f * 2.0 * M_PI;

      iw = gdk_pixbuf_get_width (images[i]);
      ih = gdk_pixbuf_get_height (images[i]);

      r = radius + (radius / 3.0) * sin (f * 2.0 * M_PI);

      xpos = floor (xmid + r * cos (ang) - iw / 2.0 + 0.5);
      ypos = floor (ymid + r * sin (ang) - ih / 2.0 + 0.5);

      k = (i & 1) ? sin (f * 2.0 * M_PI) : cos (f * 2.0 * M_PI);
      k = 2.0 * k * k;
      k = MAX (0.25, k);

      r1.x = xpos;
      r1.y = ypos;
      r1.width = iw * k;
      r1.height = ih * k;

      r2.x = 0;
      r2.y = 0;
      r2.width = back_width;
      r2.height = back_height;

      if (gdk_rectangle_intersect (&r1, &r2, &dest))
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	gdk_pixbuf_composite (images[i],
			      frame,
			      dest.x, dest.y,
			      dest.width, dest.height,
			      xpos, ypos,
			      k, k,
			      GDK_INTERP_NEAREST,
			      ((i & 1)
			       ? MAX (127, fabs (255 * sin (f * 2.0 * M_PI)))
			       : MAX (127, fabs (255 * cos (f * 2.0 * M_PI)))));
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    }

  gtk_widget_queue_draw (da);

  frame_num++;
  return TRUE;
}

static guint timeout_id;

static void
cleanup_callback (GtkObject *object,
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		  gpointer   data)
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{
  g_source_remove (timeout_id);
  timeout_id = 0;
}

GtkWidget *
do_pixbufs (void)
{
  if (!window)
    {
      GError *error;

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      window = gtk_window_new (GTK_WINDOW_TOPLEVEL);
      gtk_window_set_title (GTK_WINDOW (window), "Pixbufs");
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      gtk_window_set_resizable (GTK_WINDOW (window), FALSE);
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      gtk_signal_connect (GTK_OBJECT (window), "destroy", GTK_SIGNAL_FUNC (gtk_widget_destroyed), &window);
      gtk_signal_connect (GTK_OBJECT (window), "destroy", GTK_SIGNAL_FUNC (cleanup_callback), NULL);

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      error = NULL;
      if (!load_pixbufs (&error))
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	{
	  GtkWidget *dialog;

	  dialog = gtk_message_dialog_new (GTK_WINDOW (window),
					   GTK_DIALOG_DESTROY_WITH_PARENT,
					   GTK_MESSAGE_ERROR,
					   GTK_BUTTONS_CLOSE,
					   "Failed to load an image: %s",
					   error->message);

	  g_error_free (error);

	  gtk_signal_connect (GTK_OBJECT (dialog),
			      "response",
			      GTK_SIGNAL_FUNC (gtk_widget_destroy),
			      NULL);

	  gtk_widget_show (dialog);
	}
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      else
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	{
	  gtk_widget_set_usize (window, back_width, back_height);

	  frame = gdk_pixbuf_new (GDK_COLORSPACE_RGB, FALSE, 8, back_width, back_height);

	  da = gtk_drawing_area_new ();

	  gtk_signal_connect (GTK_OBJECT (da), "expose_event",
			      GTK_SIGNAL_FUNC (expose_cb), NULL);

	  gtk_container_add (GTK_CONTAINER (window), da);

	  timeout_id = gtk_timeout_add (FRAME_DELAY, timeout, NULL);
	}
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    }
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  if (!GTK_WIDGET_VISIBLE (window))
    {
      gtk_widget_show_all (window);
    }
  else
    {
      gtk_widget_destroy (window);
      window = NULL;
    }

  return window;
}