gasyncinitable.c 15.1 KB
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/* GIO - GLib Input, Output and Streaming Library
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2009 Red Hat, Inc.
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General
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 * Public License along with this library; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
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 *
 * Author: Alexander Larsson <alexl@redhat.com>
 */

#include "config.h"
#include "gasyncinitable.h"
#include "gasyncresult.h"
#include "gsimpleasyncresult.h"
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#include "gtask.h"
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#include "glibintl.h"


/**
 * SECTION:gasyncinitable
 * @short_description: Asynchronously failable object initialization interface
 * @include: gio/gio.h
 * @see_also: #GInitable
 *
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 * This is the asynchronous version of #GInitable; it behaves the same
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 * in all ways except that initialization is asynchronous. For more details
 * see the descriptions on #GInitable.
 *
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 * A class may implement both the #GInitable and #GAsyncInitable interfaces.
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 *
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 * Users of objects implementing this are not intended to use the interface
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 * method directly; instead it will be used automatically in various ways.
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 * For C applications you generally just call g_async_initable_new_async()
 * directly, or indirectly via a foo_thing_new_async() wrapper. This will call
 * g_async_initable_init_async() under the cover, calling back with %NULL and
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 * a set %GError on failure.
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 *
 * A typical implementation might look something like this:
 *
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 * |[<!-- language="C" -->
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 * enum {
 *    NOT_INITIALIZED,
 *    INITIALIZING,
 *    INITIALIZED
 * };
 *
 * static void
 * _foo_ready_cb (Foo *self)
 * {
 *   GList *l;
 *
 *   self->priv->state = INITIALIZED;
 *
 *   for (l = self->priv->init_results; l != NULL; l = l->next)
 *     {
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 *       GTask *task = l->data;
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 *
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 *       if (self->priv->success)
 *         g_task_return_boolean (task, TRUE);
 *       else
 *         g_task_return_new_error (task, ...);
 *       g_object_unref (task);
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 *     }
 *
 *   g_list_free (self->priv->init_results);
 *   self->priv->init_results = NULL;
 * }
 *
 * static void
 * foo_init_async (GAsyncInitable       *initable,
 *                 int                   io_priority,
 *                 GCancellable         *cancellable,
 *                 GAsyncReadyCallback   callback,
 *                 gpointer              user_data)
 * {
 *   Foo *self = FOO (initable);
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 *   GTask *task;
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 *
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 *   task = g_task_new (initable, cancellable, callback, user_data);
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 *
 *   switch (self->priv->state)
 *     {
 *       case NOT_INITIALIZED:
 *         _foo_get_ready (self);
 *         self->priv->init_results = g_list_append (self->priv->init_results,
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 *                                                   task);
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 *         self->priv->state = INITIALIZING;
 *         break;
 *       case INITIALIZING:
 *         self->priv->init_results = g_list_append (self->priv->init_results,
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 *                                                   task);
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 *         break;
 *       case INITIALIZED:
 *         if (!self->priv->success)
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 *           g_task_return_new_error (task, ...);
 *         else
 *           g_task_return_boolean (task, TRUE);
 *         g_object_unref (task);
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 *         break;
 *     }
 * }
 *
 * static gboolean
 * foo_init_finish (GAsyncInitable       *initable,
 *                  GAsyncResult         *result,
 *                  GError              **error)
 * {
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 *   g_return_val_if_fail (g_task_is_valid (result, initable), FALSE);
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 *
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 *   return g_task_propagate_boolean (G_TASK (result), error);
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 * }
 *
 * static void
 * foo_async_initable_iface_init (gpointer g_iface,
 *                                gpointer data)
 * {
 *   GAsyncInitableIface *iface = g_iface;
 *
 *   iface->init_async = foo_init_async;
 *   iface->init_finish = foo_init_finish;
 * }
 * ]|
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 */
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static void     g_async_initable_real_init_async  (GAsyncInitable       *initable,
						   int                   io_priority,
						   GCancellable         *cancellable,
						   GAsyncReadyCallback   callback,
						   gpointer              user_data);
static gboolean g_async_initable_real_init_finish (GAsyncInitable       *initable,
						   GAsyncResult         *res,
						   GError              **error);


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typedef GAsyncInitableIface GAsyncInitableInterface;
G_DEFINE_INTERFACE (GAsyncInitable, g_async_initable, G_TYPE_OBJECT)
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static void
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g_async_initable_default_init (GAsyncInitableInterface *iface)
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{
  iface->init_async = g_async_initable_real_init_async;
  iface->init_finish = g_async_initable_real_init_finish;
}

/**
 * g_async_initable_init_async:
 * @initable: a #GAsyncInitable.
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 * @io_priority: the [I/O priority][io-priority] of the operation
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 * @cancellable: optional #GCancellable object, %NULL to ignore.
 * @callback: a #GAsyncReadyCallback to call when the request is satisfied
 * @user_data: the data to pass to callback function
 *
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 * Starts asynchronous initialization of the object implementing the
 * interface. This must be done before any real use of the object after
 * initial construction. If the object also implements #GInitable you can
 * optionally call g_initable_init() instead.
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 *
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 * When the initialization is finished, @callback will be called. You can
 * then call g_async_initable_init_finish() to get the result of the
 * initialization.
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 *
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 * Implementations may also support cancellation. If @cancellable is not
 * %NULL, then initialization can be cancelled by triggering the cancellable
 * object from another thread. If the operation was cancelled, the error
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 * %G_IO_ERROR_CANCELLED will be returned. If @cancellable is not %NULL, and
 * the object doesn't support cancellable initialization, the error
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 * %G_IO_ERROR_NOT_SUPPORTED will be returned.
 *
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 * As with #GInitable, if the object is not initialized, or initialization
 * returns with an error, then all operations on the object except
 * g_object_ref() and g_object_unref() are considered to be invalid, and
 * have undefined behaviour. They will often fail with g_critical() or
 * g_warning(), but this must not be relied on.
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 *
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 * Implementations of this method must be idempotent: i.e. multiple calls
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 * to this function with the same argument should return the same results.
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 * Only the first call initializes the object; further calls return the result
 * of the first call. This is so that it's safe to implement the singleton
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 * pattern in the GObject constructor function.
 *
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 * For classes that also support the #GInitable interface, the default
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 * implementation of this method will run the g_initable_init() function
 * in a thread, so if you want to support asynchronous initialization via
 * threads, just implement the #GAsyncInitable interface without overriding
 * any interface methods.
 *
 * Since: 2.22
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 */
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void
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g_async_initable_init_async (GAsyncInitable      *initable,
			     int                  io_priority,
			     GCancellable        *cancellable,
			     GAsyncReadyCallback  callback,
			     gpointer             user_data)
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{
  GAsyncInitableIface *iface;

  g_return_if_fail (G_IS_ASYNC_INITABLE (initable));

  iface = G_ASYNC_INITABLE_GET_IFACE (initable);

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  (* iface->init_async) (initable, io_priority, cancellable, callback, user_data);
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}

/**
 * g_async_initable_init_finish:
 * @initable: a #GAsyncInitable.
 * @res: a #GAsyncResult.
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 * @error: a #GError location to store the error occurring, or %NULL to
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 * ignore.
 *
 * Finishes asynchronous initialization and returns the result.
 * See g_async_initable_init_async().
 *
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 * Returns: %TRUE if successful. If an error has occurred, this function
 * will return %FALSE and set @error appropriately if present.
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 *
 * Since: 2.22
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 */
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gboolean
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g_async_initable_init_finish (GAsyncInitable  *initable,
			      GAsyncResult    *res,
			      GError         **error)
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{
  GAsyncInitableIface *iface;

  g_return_val_if_fail (G_IS_ASYNC_INITABLE (initable), FALSE);
  g_return_val_if_fail (G_IS_ASYNC_RESULT (res), FALSE);

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  if (g_async_result_legacy_propagate_error (res, error))
    return FALSE;
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  iface = G_ASYNC_INITABLE_GET_IFACE (initable);

  return (* iface->init_finish) (initable, res, error);
}

static void
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async_init_thread (GTask        *task,
                   gpointer      source_object,
                   gpointer      task_data,
                   GCancellable *cancellable)
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{
  GError *error = NULL;

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  if (g_initable_init (G_INITABLE (source_object), cancellable, &error))
    g_task_return_boolean (task, TRUE);
  else
    g_task_return_error (task, error);
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}

static void
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g_async_initable_real_init_async (GAsyncInitable      *initable,
				  int                  io_priority,
				  GCancellable        *cancellable,
				  GAsyncReadyCallback  callback,
				  gpointer             user_data)
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{
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  GTask *task;
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  g_return_if_fail (G_IS_INITABLE (initable));

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  task = g_task_new (initable, cancellable, callback, user_data);
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  g_task_set_source_tag (task, g_async_initable_real_init_async);
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  g_task_set_priority (task, io_priority);
  g_task_run_in_thread (task, async_init_thread);
  g_object_unref (task);
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}

static gboolean
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g_async_initable_real_init_finish (GAsyncInitable  *initable,
				   GAsyncResult    *res,
				   GError         **error)
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{
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  /* For backward compatibility we have to process GSimpleAsyncResults
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   * even though g_async_initable_real_init_async doesn't generate
   * them any more.
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   */
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  G_GNUC_BEGIN_IGNORE_DEPRECATIONS
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  if (G_IS_SIMPLE_ASYNC_RESULT (res))
    {
      GSimpleAsyncResult *simple = G_SIMPLE_ASYNC_RESULT (res);
      if (g_simple_async_result_propagate_error (simple, error))
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        return FALSE;
      else
        return TRUE;
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    }
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  G_GNUC_END_IGNORE_DEPRECATIONS
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  g_return_val_if_fail (g_task_is_valid (res, initable), FALSE);

  return g_task_propagate_boolean (G_TASK (res), error);
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}

/**
 * g_async_initable_new_async:
 * @object_type: a #GType supporting #GAsyncInitable.
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 * @io_priority: the [I/O priority][io-priority] of the operation
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 * @cancellable: optional #GCancellable object, %NULL to ignore.
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 * @callback: a #GAsyncReadyCallback to call when the initialization is
 *     finished
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 * @user_data: the data to pass to callback function
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 * @first_property_name: (allow-none): the name of the first property, or %NULL if no
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 *     properties
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 * @...:  the value of the first property, followed by other property
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 *    value pairs, and ended by %NULL.
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 *
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 * Helper function for constructing #GAsyncInitable object. This is
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 * similar to g_object_new() but also initializes the object asynchronously.
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 *
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 * When the initialization is finished, @callback will be called. You can
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 * then call g_async_initable_new_finish() to get the new object and check
 * for any errors.
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 *
 * Since: 2.22
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 */
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void
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g_async_initable_new_async (GType                object_type,
			    int                  io_priority,
			    GCancellable        *cancellable,
			    GAsyncReadyCallback  callback,
			    gpointer             user_data,
			    const gchar         *first_property_name,
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			    ...)
{
  va_list var_args;

  va_start (var_args, first_property_name);
  g_async_initable_new_valist_async (object_type,
				     first_property_name, var_args,
				     io_priority, cancellable,
				     callback, user_data);
  va_end (var_args);
}

/**
 * g_async_initable_newv_async:
 * @object_type: a #GType supporting #GAsyncInitable.
 * @n_parameters: the number of parameters in @parameters
 * @parameters: the parameters to use to construct the object
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 * @io_priority: the [I/O priority][io-priority] of the operation
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 * @cancellable: optional #GCancellable object, %NULL to ignore.
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 * @callback: a #GAsyncReadyCallback to call when the initialization is
 *     finished
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 * @user_data: the data to pass to callback function
 *
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 * Helper function for constructing #GAsyncInitable object. This is
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 * similar to g_object_newv() but also initializes the object asynchronously.
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 *
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 * When the initialization is finished, @callback will be called. You can
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 * then call g_async_initable_new_finish() to get the new object and check
 * for any errors.
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 *
 * Since: 2.22
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 */
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void
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g_async_initable_newv_async (GType                object_type,
			     guint                n_parameters,
			     GParameter          *parameters,
			     int                  io_priority,
			     GCancellable        *cancellable,
			     GAsyncReadyCallback  callback,
			     gpointer             user_data)
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{
  GObject *obj;

  g_return_if_fail (G_TYPE_IS_ASYNC_INITABLE (object_type));

  obj = g_object_newv (object_type, n_parameters, parameters);

  g_async_initable_init_async (G_ASYNC_INITABLE (obj),
			       io_priority, cancellable,
			       callback, user_data);
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  g_object_unref (obj); /* Passed ownership to async call */
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}

/**
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 * g_async_initable_new_valist_async:
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 * @object_type: a #GType supporting #GAsyncInitable.
 * @first_property_name: the name of the first property, followed by
 * the value, and other property value pairs, and ended by %NULL.
 * @var_args: The var args list generated from @first_property_name.
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 * @io_priority: the [I/O priority][io-priority] of the operation
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 * @cancellable: optional #GCancellable object, %NULL to ignore.
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 * @callback: a #GAsyncReadyCallback to call when the initialization is
 *     finished
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 * @user_data: the data to pass to callback function
 *
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 * Helper function for constructing #GAsyncInitable object. This is
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 * similar to g_object_new_valist() but also initializes the object
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 * asynchronously.
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 *
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 * When the initialization is finished, @callback will be called. You can
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 * then call g_async_initable_new_finish() to get the new object and check
 * for any errors.
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 *
 * Since: 2.22
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 */
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void
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g_async_initable_new_valist_async (GType                object_type,
				   const gchar         *first_property_name,
				   va_list              var_args,
				   int                  io_priority,
				   GCancellable        *cancellable,
				   GAsyncReadyCallback  callback,
				   gpointer             user_data)
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{
  GObject *obj;

  g_return_if_fail (G_TYPE_IS_ASYNC_INITABLE (object_type));

  obj = g_object_new_valist (object_type,
			     first_property_name,
			     var_args);

  g_async_initable_init_async (G_ASYNC_INITABLE (obj),
			       io_priority, cancellable,
			       callback, user_data);
  g_object_unref (obj); /* Passed ownership to async call */
}
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/**
 * g_async_initable_new_finish:
 * @initable: the #GAsyncInitable from the callback
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 * @res: the #GAsyncResult from the callback
 * @error: return location for errors, or %NULL to ignore
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 *
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 * Finishes the async construction for the various g_async_initable_new
 * calls, returning the created object or %NULL on error.
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 *
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 * Returns: (type GObject.Object) (transfer full): a newly created #GObject,
 *      or %NULL on error. Free with g_object_unref().
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 *
 * Since: 2.22
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 */
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GObject *
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g_async_initable_new_finish (GAsyncInitable  *initable,
			     GAsyncResult    *res,
			     GError         **error)
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{
  if (g_async_initable_init_finish (initable, res, error))
    return g_object_ref (initable);
  else
    return NULL;
}