ginitable.c 8.87 KB
Newer Older
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
/* GIO - GLib Input, Output and Streaming Library
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2009 Red Hat, Inc.
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
8
 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
 *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General
16
 * Public License along with this library; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
 *
 * Author: Alexander Larsson <alexl@redhat.com>
 */

#include "config.h"
#include "ginitable.h"
#include "glibintl.h"


/**
 * SECTION:ginitable
 * @short_description: Failable object initialization interface
 * @include: gio/gio.h
 * @see_also: #GAsyncInitable
 *
 * #GInitable is implemented by objects that can fail during
33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42
 * initialization. If an object implements this interface then
 * it must be initialized as the first thing after construction,
 * either via g_initable_init() or g_async_initable_init_async()
 * (the latter is only available if it also implements #GAsyncInitable).
 *
 * If the object is not initialized, or initialization returns with an
 * error, then all operations on the object except g_object_ref() and
 * g_object_unref() are considered to be invalid, and have undefined
 * behaviour. They will often fail with g_critical() or g_warning(), but
 * this must not be relied on.
43 44 45 46 47 48
 *
 * Users of objects implementing this are not intended to use
 * the interface method directly, instead it will be used automatically
 * in various ways. For C applications you generally just call
 * g_initable_new() directly, or indirectly via a foo_thing_new() wrapper.
 * This will call g_initable_init() under the cover, returning %NULL and
Matthias Clasen's avatar
Matthias Clasen committed
49 50
 * setting a #GError on failure (at which point the instance is
 * unreferenced).
51 52 53 54 55
 *
 * For bindings in languages where the native constructor supports
 * exceptions the binding could check for objects implemention %GInitable
 * during normal construction and automatically initialize them, throwing
 * an exception on failure.
56
 */
57

58 59
typedef GInitableIface GInitableInterface;
G_DEFINE_INTERFACE (GInitable, g_initable, G_TYPE_OBJECT)
60

61 62 63
static void
g_initable_default_init (GInitableInterface *iface)
{
64 65 66 67 68 69
}

/**
 * g_initable_init:
 * @initable: a #GInitable.
 * @cancellable: optional #GCancellable object, %NULL to ignore.
Matthias Clasen's avatar
Matthias Clasen committed
70
 * @error: a #GError location to store the error occurring, or %NULL to
71 72
 * ignore.
 *
73 74
 * Initializes the object implementing the interface.
 *
75 76 77
 * This method is intended for language bindings. If writing in C,
 * g_initable_new() should typically be used instead.
 *
78 79
 * The object must be initialized before any real use after initial
 * construction, either with this function or g_async_initable_init_async().
80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87
 *
 * Implementations may also support cancellation. If @cancellable is not %NULL,
 * then initialization can be cancelled by triggering the cancellable object
 * from another thread. If the operation was cancelled, the error
 * %G_IO_ERROR_CANCELLED will be returned. If @cancellable is not %NULL and
 * the object doesn't support cancellable initialization the error
 * %G_IO_ERROR_NOT_SUPPORTED will be returned.
 *
88 89 90
 * If the object is not initialized, or initialization returns with an
 * error, then all operations on the object except g_object_ref() and
 * g_object_unref() are considered to be invalid, and have undefined
91
 * behaviour. See the [introduction][ginitable] for more details.
92
 *
93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110
 * Callers should not assume that a class which implements #GInitable can be
 * initialized multiple times, unless the class explicitly documents itself as
 * supporting this. Generally, a class’ implementation of init() can assume
 * (and assert) that it will only be called once. Previously, this documentation
 * recommended all #GInitable implementations should be idempotent; that
 * recommendation was relaxed in GLib 2.54.
 *
 * If a class explicitly supports being initialized multiple times, it is
 * recommended that the method is idempotent: multiple calls with the same
 * arguments should return the same results. Only the first call initializes
 * the object; further calls return the result of the first call.
 *
 * One reason why a class might need to support idempotent initialization is if
 * it is designed to be used via the singleton pattern, with a
 * #GObjectClass.constructor that sometimes returns an existing instance.
 * In this pattern, a caller would expect to be able to call g_initable_init()
 * on the result of g_object_new(), regardless of whether it is in fact a new
 * instance.
111
 *
112 113
 * Returns: %TRUE if successful. If an error has occurred, this function will
 *     return %FALSE and set @error appropriately if present.
114 115
 *
 * Since: 2.22
116
 */
117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134
gboolean
g_initable_init (GInitable     *initable,
		 GCancellable  *cancellable,
		 GError       **error)
{
  GInitableIface *iface;

  g_return_val_if_fail (G_IS_INITABLE (initable), FALSE);

  iface = G_INITABLE_GET_IFACE (initable);

  return (* iface->init) (initable, cancellable, error);
}

/**
 * g_initable_new:
 * @object_type: a #GType supporting #GInitable.
 * @cancellable: optional #GCancellable object, %NULL to ignore.
Matthias Clasen's avatar
Matthias Clasen committed
135
 * @error: a #GError location to store the error occurring, or %NULL to
136
 *    ignore.
137
 * @first_property_name: (nullable): the name of the first property, or %NULL if no
138
 *     properties
139 140
 * @...:  the value if the first property, followed by and other property
 *    value pairs, and ended by %NULL.
141
 *
142
 * Helper function for constructing #GInitable object. This is
143 144 145
 * similar to g_object_new() but also initializes the object
 * and returns %NULL, setting an error on failure.
 *
146
 * Returns: (type GObject.Object) (transfer full): a newly allocated
147
 *      #GObject, or %NULL on error
148 149
 *
 * Since: 2.22
150
 */
151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170
gpointer
g_initable_new (GType          object_type,
		GCancellable  *cancellable,
		GError       **error,
		const gchar   *first_property_name,
		...)
{
  GObject *object;
  va_list var_args;

  va_start (var_args, first_property_name);
  object = g_initable_new_valist (object_type,
				  first_property_name, var_args,
				  cancellable, error);
  va_end (var_args);

  return object;
}

/**
171
 * g_initable_newv:
172 173
 * @object_type: a #GType supporting #GInitable.
 * @n_parameters: the number of parameters in @parameters
174
 * @parameters: (array length=n_parameters): the parameters to use to construct the object
175
 * @cancellable: optional #GCancellable object, %NULL to ignore.
Matthias Clasen's avatar
Matthias Clasen committed
176
 * @error: a #GError location to store the error occurring, or %NULL to
177
 *     ignore.
178
 *
179
 * Helper function for constructing #GInitable object. This is
180 181 182
 * similar to g_object_newv() but also initializes the object
 * and returns %NULL, setting an error on failure.
 *
183
 * Returns: (type GObject.Object) (transfer full): a newly allocated
184
 *      #GObject, or %NULL on error
185 186
 *
 * Since: 2.22
187
 * Deprecated: 2.54: Use g_object_new_with_properties() and
188
 * g_initable_init() instead. See #GParameter for more information.
189
 */
190
G_GNUC_BEGIN_IGNORE_DEPRECATIONS
191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211
gpointer
g_initable_newv (GType          object_type,
		 guint          n_parameters,
		 GParameter    *parameters,
		 GCancellable  *cancellable,
		 GError       **error)
{
  GObject *obj;

  g_return_val_if_fail (G_TYPE_IS_INITABLE (object_type), NULL);

  obj = g_object_newv (object_type, n_parameters, parameters);

  if (!g_initable_init (G_INITABLE (obj), cancellable, error))
    {
      g_object_unref (obj);
      return NULL;
    }

  return (gpointer)obj;
}
212
G_GNUC_END_IGNORE_DEPRECATIONS
213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220

/**
 * g_initable_new_valist:
 * @object_type: a #GType supporting #GInitable.
 * @first_property_name: the name of the first property, followed by
 * the value, and other property value pairs, and ended by %NULL.
 * @var_args: The var args list generated from @first_property_name.
 * @cancellable: optional #GCancellable object, %NULL to ignore.
Matthias Clasen's avatar
Matthias Clasen committed
221
 * @error: a #GError location to store the error occurring, or %NULL to
222
 *     ignore.
223
 *
224
 * Helper function for constructing #GInitable object. This is
225 226 227
 * similar to g_object_new_valist() but also initializes the object
 * and returns %NULL, setting an error on failure.
 *
228
 * Returns: (type GObject.Object) (transfer full): a newly allocated
229
 *      #GObject, or %NULL on error
230 231
 *
 * Since: 2.22
232
 */
233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255
GObject*
g_initable_new_valist (GType          object_type,
		       const gchar   *first_property_name,
		       va_list        var_args,
		       GCancellable  *cancellable,
		       GError       **error)
{
  GObject *obj;

  g_return_val_if_fail (G_TYPE_IS_INITABLE (object_type), NULL);

  obj = g_object_new_valist (object_type,
			     first_property_name,
			     var_args);

  if (!g_initable_init (G_INITABLE (obj), cancellable, error))
    {
      g_object_unref (obj);
      return NULL;
    }

  return obj;
}