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/*
 * Copyright © 2011 Red Hat, Inc
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2 of the licence, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License along with this library; if not, write to the
 * Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
 * Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
 *
 * Author: Matthias Clasen
 */


/* This file collects documentation for macros, typedefs and
 * the like, which have no good home in any of the 'real' source
 * files.
 */

/* Basic types {{{1 */

/**
 * SECTION:types
 * @title: Basic Types
 * @short_description: standard GLib types, defined for ease-of-use
 *     and portability
 *
 * GLib defines a number of commonly used types, which can be divided
 * into 4 groups:
 * - New types which are not part of standard C (but are defined in
 *   various C standard library header files) - #gboolean, #gsize,
 *   #gssize, #goffset, #gintptr, #guintptr.
 * - Integer types which are guaranteed to be the same size across
 *   all platforms - #gint8, #guint8, #gint16, #guint16, #gint32,
 *   #guint32, #gint64, #guint64.
 * - Types which are easier to use than their standard C counterparts -
 *   #gpointer, #gconstpointer, #guchar, #guint, #gushort, #gulong.
 * - Types which correspond exactly to standard C types, but are
 *   included for completeness - #gchar, #gint, #gshort, #glong,
 *   #gfloat, #gdouble.
 *
 * GLib also defines macros for the limits of some of the standard
 * integer and floating point types, as well as macros for suitable
 * printf() formats for these types.
 */

/**
 * gboolean:
 *
 * A standard boolean type.
 * Variables of this type should only contain the value
 * %TRUE or %FALSE.
 */

/**
 * gpointer:
 *
 * An untyped pointer.
 * #gpointer looks better and is easier to use
 * than <type>void*</type>.
 */

/**
 * gconstpointer:
 *
 * An untyped pointer to constant data.
 * The data pointed to should not be changed.
 *
 * This is typically used in function prototypes to indicate
 * that the data pointed to will not be altered by the function.
 */

/**
 * gchar:
 *
 * Corresponds to the standard C <type>char</type> type.
 */

/**
 * guchar:
 *
 * Corresponds to the standard C <type>unsigned char</type> type.
 */

/**
 * gint:
 *
 * Corresponds to the standard C <type>int</type> type.
 * Values of this type can range from #G_MININT to #G_MAXINT.
 */

/**
 * G_MININT:
 *
 * The minimum value which can be held in a #gint.
 */

/**
 * G_MAXINT:
 *
 * The maximum value which can be held in a #gint.
 */

/**
 * guint:
 *
 * Corresponds to the standard C <type>unsigned int</type> type.
 * Values of this type can range from 0 to #G_MAXUINT.
 */

/**
 * G_MAXUINT:
 *
 * The maximum value which can be held in a #guint.
 */

/**
 * gshort:
 *
 * Corresponds to the standard C <type>short</type> type.
 * Values of this type can range from #G_MINSHORT to #G_MAXSHORT.
 */

/**
 * G_MINSHORT:
 *
 * The minimum value which can be held in a #gshort.
 */

/**
 * G_MAXSHORT:
 *
 * The maximum value which can be held in a #gshort.
 */

/**
 * gushort:
 *
 * Corresponds to the standard C <type>unsigned short</type> type.
 * Values of this type can range from 0 to #G_MAXUSHORT.
 */

/**
 * G_MAXUSHORT:
 *
 * The maximum value which can be held in a #gushort.
 */

/**
 * glong:
 *
 * Corresponds to the standard C <type>long</type> type.
 * Values of this type can range from #G_MINLONG to #G_MAXLONG.
 */

/**
 * G_MINLONG:
 *
 * The minimum value which can be held in a #glong.
 */

/**
 * G_MAXLONG:
 *
 * The maximum value which can be held in a #glong.
 */

/**
 * gulong:
 *
 * Corresponds to the standard C <type>unsigned long</type> type.
 * Values of this type can range from 0 to #G_MAXULONG.
 */

/**
 * G_MAXULONG:
 *
 * The maximum value which can be held in a #gulong.
 */

/**
 * gint8:
 *
 * A signed integer guaranteed to be 8 bits on all platforms.
 * Values of this type can range from #G_MININT8 (= -128) to
 * #G_MAXINT8 (= 127).
 */

/**
 * G_MININT8:
 *
 * The minimum value which can be held in a #gint8.
 *
 * Since: 2.4
 */

/**
 * G_MAXINT8:
 *
 * The maximum value which can be held in a #gint8.
 *
 * Since: 2.4
 */

/**
 * guint8:
 *
 * An unsigned integer guaranteed to be 8 bits on all platforms.
 * Values of this type can range from 0 to #G_MAXUINT8 (= 255).
 */

/**
 * G_MAXUINT8:
 *
 * The maximum value which can be held in a #guint8.
 *
 * Since: 2.4
 */

/**
 * gint16:
 *
 * A signed integer guaranteed to be 16 bits on all platforms.
 * Values of this type can range from #G_MININT16 (= -32,768) to
 * #G_MAXINT16 (= 32,767).
 *
 * To print or scan values of this type, use
 * %G_GINT16_MODIFIER and/or %G_GINT16_FORMAT.
 */

/**
 * G_MININT16:
 *
 * The minimum value which can be held in a #gint16.
 *
 * Since: 2.4
 */

/**
 * G_MAXINT16:
 *
 * The maximum value which can be held in a #gint16.
 *
 * Since: 2.4
 */

/**
 * G_GINT16_MODIFIER:
 *
 * The platform dependent length modifier for conversion specifiers
 * for scanning and printing values of type #gint16 or #guint16. It
 * is a string literal, but doesn't include the percent-sign, such
 * that you can add precision and length modifiers between percent-sign
 * and conversion specifier and append a conversion specifier.
 *
 * The following example prints "0x7b";
 * |[
 * gint16 value = 123;
 * g_print ("%#" G_GINT16_MODIFIER "x", value);
 * ]|
 *
 * Since: 2.4
 */

/**
 * G_GINT16_FORMAT:
 *
 * This is the platform dependent conversion specifier for scanning and
 * printing values of type #gint16. It is a string literal, but doesn't
 * include the percent-sign, such that you can add precision and length
 * modifiers between percent-sign and conversion specifier.
 *
 * |[
 * gint16 in;
 * gint32 out;
 * sscanf ("42", "%" G_GINT16_FORMAT, &amp;in)
 * out = in * 1000;
 * g_print ("%" G_GINT32_FORMAT, out);
 * ]|
 */

/**
 * guint16:
 *
 * An unsigned integer guaranteed to be 16 bits on all platforms.
 * Values of this type can range from 0 to #G_MAXUINT16 (= 65,535).
 *
 * To print or scan values of this type, use
 * %G_GINT16_MODIFIER and/or %G_GUINT16_FORMAT.
 */

/**
 * G_MAXUINT16:
 *
 * The maximum value which can be held in a #guint16.
 *
 * Since: 2.4
 */

/**
 * G_GUINT16_FORMAT:
 *
 * This is the platform dependent conversion specifier for scanning
 * and printing values of type #guint16. See also #G_GINT16_FORMAT
 */

/**
 * gint32:
 *
 * A signed integer guaranteed to be 32 bits on all platforms.
 * Values of this type can range from #G_MININT32 (= -2,147,483,648)
 * to #G_MAXINT32 (= 2,147,483,647).
 *
 * To print or scan values of this type, use
 * %G_GINT32_MODIFIER and/or %G_GINT32_FORMAT.
 */

/**
 * G_MININT32:
 *
 * The minimum value which can be held in a #gint32.
 *
 * Since: 2.4
 */

/**
 * G_MAXINT32:
 *
 * The maximum value which can be held in a #gint32.
 *
 * Since: 2.4
 */

/**
 * G_GINT32_MODIFIER:
 *
 * The platform dependent length modifier for conversion specifiers
 * for scanning and printing values of type #gint32 or #guint32. It
 * is a string literal. See also #G_GINT16_MODIFIER.
 *
 * Since: 2.4
 */

/**
 * G_GINT32_FORMAT:
 *
 * This is the platform dependent conversion specifier for scanning
 * and printing values of type #gint32. See also #G_GINT16_FORMAT.
 */

/**
 * guint32:
 *
 * An unsigned integer guaranteed to be 32 bits on all platforms.
 * Values of this type can range from 0 to #G_MAXUINT32 (= 4,294,967,295).
 *
 * To print or scan values of this type, use
 * %G_GINT32_MODIFIER and/or %G_GUINT32_FORMAT.
 */

/**
 * G_MAXUINT32:
 *
 * The maximum value which can be held in a #guint32.
 *
 * Since: 2.4
 */

/**
 * G_GUINT32_FORMAT:
 *
 * This is the platform dependent conversion specifier for scanning
 * and printing values of type #guint32. See also #G_GINT16_FORMAT.
 */

/**
 * gint64:
 *
 * A signed integer guaranteed to be 64 bits on all platforms.
 * Values of this type can range from #G_MININT64
 * (= -9,223,372,036,854,775,808) to #G_MAXINT64
 * (= 9,223,372,036,854,775,807).
 *
 * To print or scan values of this type, use
 * %G_GINT64_MODIFIER and/or %G_GINT64_FORMAT.
 */

/**
 * G_MININT64:
 *
 * The minimum value which can be held in a #gint64.
 */

/**
 * G_MAXINT64:
 *
 * The maximum value which can be held in a #gint64.
 */

/**
 * G_GINT64_MODIFIER:
 *
 * The platform dependent length modifier for conversion specifiers
 * for scanning and printing values of type #gint64 or #guint64.
 * It is a string literal.
 *
 * <note><para>
 * Some platforms do not support printing 64 bit integers, even
 * though the types are supported. On such platforms #G_GINT64_MODIFIER
 * is not defined.
 * </para></note>
 *
 * Since: 2.4
 */

/**
 * G_GINT64_FORMAT:
 *
 * This is the platform dependent conversion specifier for scanning
 * and printing values of type #gint64. See also #G_GINT16_FORMAT.
 *
 * <note><para>
 * Some platforms do not support scanning and printing 64 bit integers,
 * even though the types are supported. On such platforms #G_GINT64_FORMAT
 * is not defined. Note that scanf() may not support 64 bit integers, even
 * if #G_GINT64_FORMAT is defined. Due to its weak error handling, scanf()
 * is not recommended for parsing anyway; consider using g_ascii_strtoull()
 * instead.
 * </para></note>
 */

/**
 * guint64:
 *
 * An unsigned integer guaranteed to be 64 bits on all platforms.
 * Values of this type can range from 0 to #G_MAXUINT64
 * (= 18,446,744,073,709,551,615).
 *
 * To print or scan values of this type, use
 * %G_GINT64_MODIFIER and/or %G_GUINT64_FORMAT.
 */

/**
 * G_MAXUINT64:
 *
 * The maximum value which can be held in a #guint64.
 */

/**
 * G_GUINT64_FORMAT:
 *
 * This is the platform dependent conversion specifier for scanning
 * and printing values of type #guint64. See also #G_GINT16_FORMAT.
 *
 * <note><para>
 * Some platforms do not support scanning and printing 64 bit integers,
 * even though the types are supported. On such platforms #G_GUINT64_FORMAT
 * is not defined.  Note that scanf() may not support 64 bit integers, even
 * if #G_GINT64_FORMAT is defined. Due to its weak error handling, scanf()
 * is not recommended for parsing anyway; consider using g_ascii_strtoull()
 * instead.
 * </para></note>
 */

/**
 * G_GINT64_CONSTANT:
 * @val: a literal integer value, e.g. 0x1d636b02300a7aa7
 *
 * This macro is used to insert 64-bit integer literals
 * into the source code.
 */

/**
 * G_GUINT64_CONSTANT:
 * @val: a literal integer value, e.g. 0x1d636b02300a7aa7U
 *
 * This macro is used to insert 64-bit unsigned integer
 * literals into the source code.
 *
 * Since: 2.10
 */

/**
 * gfloat:
 *
 * Corresponds to the standard C <type>float</type> type.
 * Values of this type can range from -#G_MAXFLOAT to #G_MAXFLOAT.
 */

/**
 * G_MINFLOAT:
 *
 * The minimum positive value which can be held in a #gfloat.
 *
 * If you are interested in the smallest value which can be held
 * in a #gfloat, use -G_MAXFLOAT.
 */

/**
 * G_MAXFLOAT:
 *
 * The maximum value which can be held in a #gfloat.
 */

/**
 * gdouble:
 *
 * Corresponds to the standard C <type>double</type> type.
 * Values of this type can range from -#G_MAXDOUBLE to #G_MAXDOUBLE.
 */

/**
 * G_MINDOUBLE:
 *
 * The minimum positive value which can be held in a #gdouble.
 *
 * If you are interested in the smallest value which can be held
 * in a #gdouble, use -G_MAXDOUBLE.
 */

/**
 * G_MAXDOUBLE:
 *
 * The maximum value which can be held in a #gdouble.
 */

/**
 * gsize:
 *
 * An unsigned integer type of the result of the sizeof operator,
 * corresponding to the <type>size_t</type> type defined in C99.
 * This type is wide enough to hold the numeric value of a pointer,
 * so it is usually 32bit wide on a 32bit platform and 64bit wide
 * on a 64bit platform. Values of this type can range from 0 to
 * #G_MAXSIZE.
 *
 * To print or scan values of this type, use
 * %G_GSIZE_MODIFIER and/or %G_GSIZE_FORMAT.
 */

/**
 * G_MAXSIZE:
 *
 * The maximum value which can be held in a #gsize.
 *
 * Since: 2.4
 */

/**
 * G_GSIZE_MODIFIER:
 *
 * The platform dependent length modifier for conversion specifiers
 * for scanning and printing values of type #gsize or #gssize. It
 * is a string literal.
 *
 * Since: 2.6
 */

/**
 * G_GSIZE_FORMAT:
 *
 * This is the platform dependent conversion specifier for scanning
 * and printing values of type #gsize. See also #G_GINT16_FORMAT.
 *
 * Since: 2.6
 */

/**
 * gssize:
 *
 * A signed variant of #gsize, corresponding to the
 * <type>ssize_t</type> defined on most platforms.
 * Values of this type can range from #G_MINSSIZE
 * to #G_MAXSSIZE.
 *
 * To print or scan values of this type, use
 * %G_GSIZE_MODIFIER and/or %G_GSSIZE_FORMAT.
 */

/**
 * G_MINSSIZE:
 *
 * The minimum value which can be held in a #gssize.
 *
 * Since: 2.14
 */

/**
 * G_MAXSSIZE:
 *
 * The maximum value which can be held in a #gssize.
 *
 * Since: 2.14
 */

/**
 * G_GSSIZE_FORMAT:
 *
 * This is the platform dependent conversion specifier for scanning
 * and printing values of type #gssize. See also #G_GINT16_FORMAT.
 *
 * Since: 2.6
 */

/**
 * goffset:
 *
 * A signed integer type that is used for file offsets,
 * corresponding to the C99 type <type>off64_t</type>.
 * Values of this type can range from #G_MINOFFSET to
 * #G_MAXOFFSET.
 *
 * To print or scan values of this type, use
 * %G_GOFFSET_MODIFIER and/or %G_GOFFSET_FORMAT.
 *
 * Since: 2.14
 */

/**
 * G_MINOFFSET:
 *
 * The minimum value which can be held in a #goffset.
 */

/**
 * G_MAXOFFSET:
 *
 * The maximum value which can be held in a #goffset.
 */

/**
 * G_GOFFSET_MODIFIER:
 *
 * The platform dependent length modifier for conversion specifiers
 * for scanning and printing values of type #goffset. It is a string
 * literal. See also #G_GINT64_MODIFIER.
 *
 * Since: 2.20
 */

/**
 * G_GOFFSET_FORMAT:
 *
 * This is the platform dependent conversion specifier for scanning
 * and printing values of type #goffset. See also #G_GINT64_FORMAT.
 *
 * Since: 2.20
 */

/**
 * G_GOFFSET_CONSTANT:
 * @val: a literal integer value, e.g. 0x1d636b02300a7aa7
 *
 * This macro is used to insert #goffset 64-bit integer literals
 * into the source code.
 *
 * See also #G_GINT64_CONSTANT.
 *
 * Since: 2.20
 */

/**
 * gintptr:
 *
 * Corresponds to the C99 type <type>intptr_t</type>,
 * a signed integer type that can hold any pointer.
 *
 * To print or scan values of this type, use
 * %G_GINTPTR_MODIFIER and/or %G_GINTPTR_FORMAT.
 *
 * Since: 2.18
 */

/**
 * G_GINTPTR_MODIFIER:
 *
 * The platform dependent length modifier for conversion specifiers
 * for scanning and printing values of type #gintptr or #guintptr.
 * It is a string literal.
 *
 * Since: 2.22
 */

/**
 * G_GINTPTR_FORMAT:
 *
 * This is the platform dependent conversion specifier for scanning
 * and printing values of type #gintptr.
 *
 * Since: 2.22
 */

/**
 * guintptr:
 *
 * Corresponds to the C99 type <type>uintptr_t</type>,
 * an unsigned integer type that can hold any pointer.
 *
 * To print or scan values of this type, use
 * %G_GINTPTR_MODIFIER and/or %G_GUINTPTR_FORMAT.
 *
 * Since: 2.18
 */

/**
 * G_GUINTPTR_FORMAT:
 *
 * This is the platform dependent conversion specifier
 * for scanning and printing values of type #guintptr.
 *
 * Since: 2.22
 */

/* Type conversion {{{1 */

/**
 * SECTION:type_conversion
 * @title: Type Conversion Macros
 * @short_description: portably storing integers in pointer variables
 *
 * Many times GLib, GTK+, and other libraries allow you to pass "user
 * data" to a callback, in the form of a void pointer. From time to time
 * you want to pass an integer instead of a pointer. You could allocate
 * an integer, with something like:
 * |[
 *   int *ip = g_new (int, 1);
 *   *ip = 42;
 * ]|
 * But this is inconvenient, and it's annoying to have to free the
 * memory at some later time.
 *
 * Pointers are always at least 32 bits in size (on all platforms GLib
 * intends to support). Thus you can store at least 32-bit integer values
 * in a pointer value. Naively, you might try this, but it's incorrect:
 * |[
 *   gpointer p;
 *   int i;
 *   p = (void*) 42;
 *   i = (int) p;
 * ]|
 * Again, that example was <emphasis>not</emphasis> correct, don't copy it.
 * The problem is that on some systems you need to do this:
 * |[
 *   gpointer p;
 *   int i;
 *   p = (void*) (long) 42;
 *   i = (int) (long) p;
 * ]|
 * The GLib macros GPOINTER_TO_INT(), GINT_TO_POINTER(), etc. take care
 * to do the right thing on the every platform.
 *
 * <warning><para>You may not store pointers in integers. This is not
 * portable in any way, shape or form. These macros <emphasis>only</emphasis>
 * allow storing integers in pointers, and only preserve 32 bits of the
 * integer; values outside the range of a 32-bit integer will be mangled.
 * </para></warning>
 */

/**
 * GINT_TO_POINTER:
 * @i: integer to stuff into a pointer
 *
 * Stuffs an integer into a pointer type.
 *
 * Remember, you may not store pointers in integers. This is not portable
 * in any way, shape or form. These macros <emphasis>only</emphasis> allow
 * storing integers in pointers, and only preserve 32 bits of the
 * integer; values outside the range of a 32-bit integer will be mangled.
 */

/**
 * GPOINTER_TO_INT:
 * @p: pointer containing an integer
 *
 * Extracts an integer from a pointer. The integer must have
 * been stored in the pointer with GINT_TO_POINTER().
 *
 * Remember, you may not store pointers in integers. This is not portable
 * in any way, shape or form. These macros <emphasis>only</emphasis> allow
 * storing integers in pointers, and only preserve 32 bits of the
 * integer; values outside the range of a 32-bit integer will be mangled.
 */

/**
 * GUINT_TO_POINTER:
 * @u: unsigned integer to stuff into the pointer
 *
 * Stuffs an unsigned integer into a pointer type.
 */

/**
 * GPOINTER_TO_UINT:
 * @p: pointer to extract an unsigned integer from
 *
 * Extracts an unsigned integer from a pointer. The integer must have
 * been stored in the pointer with GUINT_TO_POINTER().
 */

/**
 * GSIZE_TO_POINTER:
 * @s: #gsize to stuff into the pointer
 *
 * Stuffs a #gsize into a pointer type.
 */

/**
 * GPOINTER_TO_SIZE:
 * @p: pointer to extract a #gsize from
 *
 * Extracts a #gsize from a pointer. The #gsize must have
 * been stored in the pointer with GSIZE_TO_POINTER().
 */

/* Byte order {{{1 */

/**
 * SECTION:byte_order
 * @title: Byte Order Macros
 * @short_description: a portable way to convert between different byte orders
 *
 * These macros provide a portable way to determine the host byte order
 * and to convert values between different byte orders.
 *
 * The byte order is the order in which bytes are stored to create larger
 * data types such as the #gint and #glong values.
 * The host byte order is the byte order used on the current machine.
 *
 * Some processors store the most significant bytes (i.e. the bytes that
 * hold the largest part of the value) first. These are known as big-endian
 * processors. Other processors (notably the x86 family) store the most
 * significant byte last. These are known as little-endian processors.
 *
 * Finally, to complicate matters, some other processors store the bytes in
 * a rather curious order known as PDP-endian. For a 4-byte word, the 3rd
 * most significant byte is stored first, then the 4th, then the 1st and
 * finally the 2nd.
 *
 * Obviously there is a problem when these different processors communicate
 * with each other, for example over networks or by using binary file formats.
 * This is where these macros come in. They are typically used to convert
 * values into a byte order which has been agreed on for use when
 * communicating between different processors. The Internet uses what is
 * known as 'network byte order' as the standard byte order (which is in
 * fact the big-endian byte order).
 *
 * Note that the byte order conversion macros may evaluate their arguments
 * multiple times, thus you should not use them with arguments which have
 * side-effects.
 */

/**
 * G_BYTE_ORDER:
 *
 * The host byte order.
 * This can be either #G_LITTLE_ENDIAN or #G_BIG_ENDIAN (support for
 * #G_PDP_ENDIAN may be added in future.)
 */

/**
 * G_LITTLE_ENDIAN:
 *
 * Specifies one of the possible types of byte order.
 * See #G_BYTE_ORDER.
 */

/**
 * G_BIG_ENDIAN:
 *
 * Specifies one of the possible types of byte order.
 * See #G_BYTE_ORDER.
 */

/**
 * G_PDP_ENDIAN:
 *
 * Specifies one of the possible types of byte order
 * (currently unused). See #G_BYTE_ORDER.
 */

/**
 * g_htonl:
 * @val: a 32-bit integer value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a 32-bit integer value from host to network byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to network byte order
 */

/**
 * g_htons:
 * @val: a 16-bit integer value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a 16-bit integer value from host to network byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to network byte order
 */

/**
 * g_ntohl:
 * @val: a 32-bit integer value in network byte order
 *
 * Converts a 32-bit integer value from network to host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order.
 */

/**
 * g_ntohs:
 * @val: a 16-bit integer value in network byte order
 *
 * Converts a 16-bit integer value from network to host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GINT_FROM_BE:
 * @val: a #gint value in big-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gint value from big-endian to host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GINT_FROM_LE:
 * @val: a #gint value in little-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gint value from little-endian to host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GINT_TO_BE:
 * @val: a #gint value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gint value from host byte order to big-endian.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to big-endian byte order
 */

/**
 * GINT_TO_LE:
 * @val: a #gint value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gint value from host byte order to little-endian.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to little-endian byte order
 */

/**
 * GUINT_FROM_BE:
 * @val: a #guint value in big-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #guint value from big-endian to host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GUINT_FROM_LE:
 * @val: a #guint value in little-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #guint value from little-endian to host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GUINT_TO_BE:
 * @val: a #guint value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a #guint value from host byte order to big-endian.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to big-endian byte order
 */

/**
 * GUINT_TO_LE:
 * @val: a #guint value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a #guint value from host byte order to little-endian.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to little-endian byte order.
 */

/**
 * GLONG_FROM_BE:
 * @val: a #glong value in big-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #glong value from big-endian to the host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GLONG_FROM_LE:
 * @val: a #glong value in little-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #glong value from little-endian to host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GLONG_TO_BE:
 * @val: a #glong value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a #glong value from host byte order to big-endian.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to big-endian byte order
 */

/**
 * GLONG_TO_LE:
 * @val: a #glong value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a #glong value from host byte order to little-endian.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to little-endian
 */

/**
 * GULONG_FROM_BE:
 * @val: a #gulong value in big-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gulong value from big-endian to host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GULONG_FROM_LE:
 * @val: a #gulong value in little-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gulong value from little-endian to host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GULONG_TO_BE:
 * @val: a #gulong value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gulong value from host byte order to big-endian.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to big-endian
 */

/**
 * GULONG_TO_LE:
 * @val: a #gulong value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gulong value from host byte order to little-endian.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to little-endian
 */

/**
 * GSIZE_FROM_BE:
 * @val: a #gsize value in big-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gsize value from big-endian to the host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GSIZE_FROM_LE:
 * @val: a #gsize value in little-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gsize value from little-endian to host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GSIZE_TO_BE:
 * @val: a #gsize value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gsize value from host byte order to big-endian.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to big-endian byte order
 */

/**
 * GSIZE_TO_LE:
 * @val: a #gsize value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gsize value from host byte order to little-endian.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to little-endian
 */

/**
 * GSSIZE_FROM_BE:
 * @val: a #gssize value in big-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gssize value from big-endian to host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GSSIZE_FROM_LE:
 * @val: a #gssize value in little-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gssize value from little-endian to host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GSSIZE_TO_BE:
 * @val: a #gssize value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gssize value from host byte order to big-endian.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to big-endian
 */

/**
 * GSSIZE_TO_LE:
 * @val: a #gssize value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gssize value from host byte order to little-endian.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to little-endian
 */

/**
 * GINT16_FROM_BE:
 * @val: a #gint16 value in big-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gint16 value from big-endian to host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GINT16_FROM_LE:
 * @val: a #gint16 value in little-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gint16 value from little-endian to host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GINT16_TO_BE:
 * @val: a #gint16 value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gint16 value from host byte order to big-endian.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to big-endian
 */

/**
 * GINT16_TO_LE:
 * @val: a #gint16 value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gint16 value from host byte order to little-endian.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to little-endian
 */

/**
 * GUINT16_FROM_BE:
 * @val: a #guint16 value in big-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #guint16 value from big-endian to host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GUINT16_FROM_LE:
 * @val: a #guint16 value in little-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #guint16 value from little-endian to host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GUINT16_TO_BE:
 * @val: a #guint16 value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a #guint16 value from host byte order to big-endian.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to big-endian
 */

/**
 * GUINT16_TO_LE:
 * @val: a #guint16 value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a #guint16 value from host byte order to little-endian.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to little-endian
 */

/**
 * GINT32_FROM_BE:
 * @val: a #gint32 value in big-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gint32 value from big-endian to host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GINT32_FROM_LE:
 * @val: a #gint32 value in little-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gint32 value from little-endian to host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GINT32_TO_BE:
 * @val: a #gint32 value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gint32 value from host byte order to big-endian.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to big-endian
 */

/**
 * GINT32_TO_LE:
 * @val: a #gint32 value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gint32 value from host byte order to little-endian.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to little-endian
 */

/**
 * GUINT32_FROM_BE:
 * @val: a #guint32 value in big-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #guint32 value from big-endian to host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GUINT32_FROM_LE:
 * @val: a #guint32 value in little-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #guint32 value from little-endian to host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GUINT32_TO_BE:
 * @val: a #guint32 value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a #guint32 value from host byte order to big-endian.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to big-endian
 */

/**
 * GUINT32_TO_LE:
 * @val: a #guint32 value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a #guint32 value from host byte order to little-endian.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to little-endian
 */

/**
 * GINT64_FROM_BE:
 * @val: a #gint64 value in big-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gint64 value from big-endian to host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GINT64_FROM_LE:
 * @val: a #gint64 value in little-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gint64 value from little-endian to host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GINT64_TO_BE:
 * @val: a #gint64 value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gint64 value from host byte order to big-endian.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to big-endian
 */

/**
 * GINT64_TO_LE:
 * @val: a #gint64 value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a #gint64 value from host byte order to little-endian.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to little-endian
 */

/**
 * GUINT64_FROM_BE:
 * @val: a #guint64 value in big-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #guint64 value from big-endian to host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GUINT64_FROM_LE:
 * @val: a #guint64 value in little-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #guint64 value from little-endian to host byte order.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to host byte order
 */

/**
 * GUINT64_TO_BE:
 * @val: a #guint64 value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a #guint64 value from host byte order to big-endian.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to big-endian
 */

/**
 * GUINT64_TO_LE:
 * @val: a #guint64 value in host byte order
 *
 * Converts a #guint64 value from host byte order to little-endian.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to little-endian
 */

/**
 * GUINT16_SWAP_BE_PDP:
 * @val: a #guint16 value in big-endian or pdp-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #guint16 value between big-endian and pdp-endian byte order.
 * The conversion is symmetric so it can be used both ways.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to the opposite byte order
 */

/**
 * GUINT16_SWAP_LE_BE:
 * @val: a #guint16 value in little-endian or big-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #guint16 value between little-endian and big-endian byte order.
 * The conversion is symmetric so it can be used both ways.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to the opposite byte order
 */

/**
 * GUINT16_SWAP_LE_PDP:
 * @val: a #guint16 value in little-endian or pdp-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #guint16 value between little-endian and pdp-endian byte order.
 * The conversion is symmetric so it can be used both ways.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to the opposite byte order
 */

/**
 * GUINT32_SWAP_BE_PDP:
 * @val: a #guint32 value in big-endian or pdp-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #guint32 value between big-endian and pdp-endian byte order.
 * The conversion is symmetric so it can be used both ways.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to the opposite byte order
 */

/**
 * GUINT32_SWAP_LE_BE:
 * @val: a #guint32 value in little-endian or big-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #guint32 value between little-endian and big-endian byte order.
 * The conversion is symmetric so it can be used both ways.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to the opposite byte order
 */

/**
 * GUINT32_SWAP_LE_PDP:
 * @val: a #guint32 value in little-endian or pdp-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #guint32 value between little-endian and pdp-endian byte order.
 * The conversion is symmetric so it can be used both ways.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to the opposite byte order
 */

/**
 * GUINT64_SWAP_LE_BE:
 * @val: a #guint64 value in little-endian or big-endian byte order
 *
 * Converts a #guint64 value between little-endian and big-endian byte order.
 * The conversion is symmetric so it can be used both ways.
 *
 * Returns: @val converted to the opposite byte order
 */

/* Numerical Definitions {{{1 */

/**
 * SECTION:numerical
 * @title: Numerical Definitions
 * @short_description: mathematical constants, and floating point decomposition
 *
 * GLib offers mathematical constants such as #G_PI for the value of pi;
 * many platforms have these in the C library, but some don't, the GLib
 * versions always exist.
 *
 * The #GFloatIEEE754 and #GDoubleIEEE754 unions are used to access the
 * sign, mantissa and exponent of IEEE floats and doubles. These unions are
 * defined as appropriate for a given platform. IEEE floats and doubles are
 * supported (used for storage) by at least Intel, PPC and Sparc. See
 * <ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IEEE_float">IEEE 754-2008</ulink>
 * for more information about IEEE number formats.
 */

/**
 * G_IEEE754_FLOAT_BIAS:
 *
 * The bias by which exponents in single-precision floats are offset.
 */

/**
 * G_IEEE754_DOUBLE_BIAS:
 *
 * The bias by which exponents in double-precision floats are offset.
 */

/**
 * GFloatIEEE754:
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 * @v_float: the double value
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 *
 * The #GFloatIEEE754 and #GDoubleIEEE754 unions are used to access the sign,
 * mantissa and exponent of IEEE floats and doubles. These unions are defined
 * as appropriate for a given platform. IEEE floats and doubles are supported
 * (used for storage) by at least Intel, PPC and Sparc.
 */

/**
 * GDoubleIEEE754:
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 * @v_double: the double value
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 *
 * The #GFloatIEEE754 and #GDoubleIEEE754 unions are used to access the sign,
 * mantissa and exponent of IEEE floats and doubles. These unions are defined
 * as appropriate for a given platform. IEEE floats and doubles are supported
 * (used for storage) by at least Intel, PPC and Sparc.
 */

/**
 * G_E:
 *
 * The base of natural logarithms.
 */

/**
 * G_LN2:
 *
 * The natural logarithm of 2.
 */

/**
 * G_LN10:
 *
 * The natural logarithm of 10.
 */

/**
 * G_PI:
 *
 * The value of pi (ratio of circle's circumference to its diameter).
 */

/**
 * G_PI_2:
 *
 * Pi divided by 2.
 */

/**
 * G_PI_4:
 *
 * Pi divided by 4.
 */

/**
 * G_SQRT2:
 *
 * The square root of two.
 */

/**
 * G_LOG_2_BASE_10:
 *
 * Multiplying the base 2 exponent by this number yields the base 10 exponent.
 */

/* Macros {{{1 */

/**
 * SECTION:macros
 * @title: Standard Macros
 * @short_description: commonly-used macros
 *
 * These macros provide a few commonly-used features.
 */

/**
 * G_OS_WIN32:
 *
 * This macro is defined only on Windows. So you can bracket
 * Windows-specific code in "&num;ifdef G_OS_WIN32".
 */

/**
 * G_OS_BEOS:
 *
 * This macro is defined only on BeOS. So you can bracket
 * BeOS-specific code in "&num;ifdef G_OS_BEOS".
 */

/**
 * G_OS_UNIX:
 *
 * This macro is defined only on UNIX. So you can bracket
 * UNIX-specific code in "&num;ifdef G_OS_UNIX".
 */

/**
 * G_DIR_SEPARATOR:
 *
 * The directory separator character.
 * This is '/' on UNIX machines and '\' under Windows.
 */

/**
 * G_DIR_SEPARATOR_S:
 *
 * The directory separator as a string.
 * This is "/" on UNIX machines and "\" under Windows.
 */

/**
 * G_IS_DIR_SEPARATOR:
 * @c: a character
 *
 * Checks whether a character is a directory
 * separator. It returns %TRUE for '/' on UNIX
 * machines and for '\' or '/' under Windows.
 *
 * Since: 2.6
 */

/**
 * G_SEARCHPATH_SEPARATOR:
 *
 * The search path separator character.
 * This is ':' on UNIX machines and ';' under Windows.
 */

/**
 * G_SEARCHPATH_SEPARATOR_S:
 *
 * The search path separator as a string.
 * This is ":" on UNIX machines and ";" under Windows.
 */

/**
 * TRUE:
 *
 * Defines the %TRUE value for the #gboolean type.
 */

/**
 * FALSE:
 *
 * Defines the %FALSE value for the #gboolean type.
 */

/**
 * NULL:
 *
 * Defines the standard %NULL pointer.
 */

/**
 * MIN:
 * @a: a numeric value
 * @b: a numeric value
 *
 * Calculates the minimum of @a and @b.
 *
 * Returns: the minimum of @a and @b.
 */

/**
 * MAX:
 * @a: a numeric value
 * @b: a numeric value
 *
 * Calculates the maximum of @a and @b.
 *
 * Returns: the maximum of @a and @b.
 */

/**
 * ABS:
 * @a: a numeric value
 *
 * Calculates the absolute value of @a.
 * The absolute value is simply the number with any negative sign taken away.
 *
 * For example,
 * - ABS(-10) is 10.
 * - ABS(10) is also 10.
 *
 * Returns: the absolute value of @a.
 */

/**
 * CLAMP:
 * @x: the value to clamp
 * @low: the minimum value allowed
 * @high: the maximum value allowed
 *
 * Ensures that @x is between the limits set by @low and @high. If @low is
 * greater than @high the result is undefined.
 *
 * For example,
 * - CLAMP(5, 10, 15) is 10.
 * - CLAMP(15, 5, 10) is 10.
 * - CLAMP(20, 15, 25) is 20.
 *
 * Returns: the value of @x clamped to the range between @low and @high
 */

/**
 * G_STRUCT_MEMBER:
 * @member_type: the type of the struct field
 * @struct_p: a pointer to a struct
 * @struct_offset: the offset of the field from the start of the struct,
 *     in bytes
 *
 * Returns a member of a structure at a given offset, using the given type.
 *
 * Returns: the struct member
 */

/**
 * G_STRUCT_MEMBER_P:
 * @struct_p: a pointer to a struct
 * @struct_offset: the offset from the start of the struct, in bytes
 *
 * Returns an untyped pointer to a given offset of a struct.
 *
 * Returns: an untyped pointer to @struct_p plus @struct_offset bytes
 */

/**
 * G_STRUCT_OFFSET:
 * @struct_type: a structure type, e.g. <structname>GtkWidget</structname>
 * @member: a field in the structure, e.g. <structfield>window</structfield>
 *
 * Returns the offset, in bytes, of a member of a struct.
 *
 * Returns: the offset of @member from the start of @struct_type
 */

/**
 * G_CONST_RETURN:
 *
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 * If <literal>G_DISABLE_CONST_RETURNS</literal> is defined, this macro expands
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 * to nothing. By default, the macro expands to <literal>const</literal>.
 * The macro should be used in place of <literal>const</literal> for
 * functions that return a value that should not be modified. The
 * purpose of this macro is to allow us to turn on <literal>const</literal>
 * for returned constant strings by default, while allowing programmers
 * who find that annoying to turn it off. This macro should only be used
 * for return values and for <emphasis>out</emphasis> parameters, it doesn't
 * make sense for <emphasis>in</emphasis> parameters.
 *
 * Deprecated: 2.30: API providers should replace all existing uses with
 *     <literal>const</literal> and API consumers should adjust their code
 *     accordingly
 */

/**
 * G_N_ELEMENTS:
 * @arr: the array
 *
 * Determines the number of elements in an array. The array must be
 * declared so the compiler knows its size at compile-time; this
 * macro will not work on an array allocated on the heap, only static
 * arrays or arrays on the stack.
 */

/* Miscellaneous Macros {{{1 */

/**
 * SECTION:macros_misc
 * @title: Miscellaneous Macros
 * @short_description: specialized macros which are not used often
 *
 * These macros provide more specialized features which are not
 * needed so often by application programmers.
 */

/**
 * G_INLINE_FUNC:
 *
 * This macro is used to export function prototypes so they can be linked
 * with an external version when no inlining is performed. The file which
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 * implements the functions should define <literal>G_IMPLEMENTS_INLINES</literal>
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 * before including the headers which contain %G_INLINE_FUNC declarations.
 * Since inlining is very compiler-dependent using these macros correctly
 * is very difficult. Their use is strongly discouraged.
 *
 * This macro is often mistaken for a replacement for the inline keyword;
 * inline is already declared in a portable manner in the GLib headers
 * and can be used normally.
 */

/**
 * G_STMT_START:
 *
 * Used within multi-statement macros so that they can be used in places
 * where only one statement is expected by the compiler.
 */

/**
 * G_STMT_END:
 *
 * Used within multi-statement macros so that they can be used in places
 * where only one statement is expected by the compiler.
 */

/**
 * G_BEGIN_DECLS:
 *
 * Used (along with #G_END_DECLS) to bracket header files. If the
 * compiler in use is a C++ compiler, adds <literal>extern "C"</literal>
 * around the header.
 */

/**
 * G_END_DECLS:
 *
 * Used (along with #G_BEGIN_DECLS) to bracket header files. If the
 * compiler in use is a C++ compiler, adds <literal>extern "C"</literal>
 * around the header.
 */

/**
 * G_VA_COPY:
 * @ap1: the <type>va_list</type> variable to place a copy of @ap2 in
 * @ap2: a <type>va_list</type>
 *
 * Portable way to copy <type>va_list</type> variables.
 *
 * In order to use this function, you must include
 * <filename>string.h</filename> yourself, because this macro may
 * use memmove() and GLib does not include <filename>string.h</filename>
 * for you.
 */

/**
 * G_STRINGIFY:
 * @macro_or_string: a macro or a string
 *
 * Accepts a macro or a string and converts it into a string after
 * preprocessor argument expansion. For example, the following code:
 *
 * |[
 * #define AGE 27
 * const gchar *greeting = G_STRINGIFY (AGE) " today!";
 * ]|
 *
 * is transformed by the preprocessor into (code equivalent to):
 *
 * |[
 * const gchar *greeting = "27 today!";
 * ]|
 */

/**
 * G_PASTE:
 * @identifier1: an identifier
 * @identifier2: an identifier
 *
 * Yields a new preprocessor pasted identifier
 * <code>identifier1identifier2</code> from its expanded
 * arguments @identifier1 and @identifier2. For example,
 * the following code:
 * |[
 * #define GET(traveller,method) G_PASTE(traveller_get_, method) (traveller)
 * const gchar *name = GET (traveller, name);
 * const gchar *quest = GET (traveller, quest);
 * GdkColor *favourite = GET (traveller, favourite_colour);
 * ]|
 *
 * is transformed by the preprocessor into:
 * |[
 * const gchar *name = traveller_get_name (traveller);
 * const gchar *quest = traveller_get_quest (traveller);
 * GdkColor *favourite = traveller_get_favourite_colour (traveller);
 * ]|
 *
 * Since: 2.20
 */

/**
 * G_STATIC_ASSERT:
 * @expr: a constant expression
 *
 * The G_STATIC_ASSERT macro lets the programmer check
 * a condition at compile time, the condition needs to
 * be compile time computable. The macro can be used in
 * any place where a <literal>typedef</literal> is valid.
 *
 * <note><para>
 * A <literal>typedef</literal> is generally allowed in
 * exactly the same places that a variable declaration is
 * allowed. For this reason, you should not use
 * <literal>G_STATIC_ASSERT</literal> in the middle of
 * blocks of code.
 * </para></note>
 *
 * The macro should only be used once per source code line.
 *
 * Since: 2.20
 */

/**
 * G_STATIC_ASSERT_EXPR:
 * @expr: a constant expression
 *
 * The G_STATIC_ASSERT_EXPR macro lets the programmer check
 * a condition at compile time. The condition needs to be
 * compile time computable.
 *
 * Unlike <literal>G_STATIC_ASSERT</literal>, this macro
 * evaluates to an expression and, as such, can be used in
 * the middle of other expressions. Its value should be
 * ignored. This can be accomplished by placing it as
 * the first argument of a comma expression.
 *
 * |[
 * #define ADD_ONE_TO_INT(x) \
 *   (G_STATIC_ASSERT_EXPR(sizeof (x) == sizeof (int)), ((x) + 1))
 * ]|
 *
 * Since: 2.30
 */

/**
 * G_GNUC_EXTENSION:
 *
 * Expands to <literal>__extension__</literal> when <command>gcc</command>
 * is used as the compiler. This simply tells <command>gcc</command> not
 * to warn about the following non-standard code when compiling with the
 * <option>-pedantic</option> option.
 */

/**
 * G_GNUC_CONST:
 *
 * Expands to the GNU C <literal>const</literal> function attribute if
 * the compiler is <command>gcc</command>. Declaring a function as const
 * enables better optimization of calls to the function. A const function
 * doesn't examine any values except its parameters, and has no effects
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 * except its return value.
 *
 * Place the attribute after the declaration, just before the semicolon.
 *
 * See the GNU C documentation for more details.
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 *
 * <note><para>
 * A function that has pointer arguments and examines the data pointed to
 * must <emphasis>not</emphasis> be declared const. Likewise, a function
 * that calls a non-const function usually must not be const. It doesn't
 * make sense for a const function to return void.
 * </para></note>
 */

/**
 * G_GNUC_PURE:
 *
 * Expands to the GNU C <literal>pure</literal> function attribute if the
 * compiler is <command>gcc</command>. Declaring a function as pure enables
 * better optimization of calls to the function. A pure function has no
 * effects except its return value and the return value depends only on
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 * the parameters and/or global variables.
 *
 * Place the attribute after the declaration, just before the semicolon.
 *
 * See the GNU C documentation for more details.
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 */

/**
 * G_GNUC_MALLOC:
 *
 * Expands to the GNU C <literal>malloc</literal> function attribute if the
 * compiler is <command>gcc</command>. Declaring a function as malloc enables
 * better optimization of the function. A function can have the malloc
 * attribute if it returns a pointer which is guaranteed to not alias with
 * any other pointer when the function returns (in practice, this means newly
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 * allocated memory).
 *
 * Place the attribute after the declaration, just before the semicolon.
 *
 * See the GNU C documentation for more details.
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 *
 * Since: 2.6
 */

/**
 * G_GNUC_ALLOC_SIZE:
 * @x: the index of the argument specifying the allocation size
 *
 * Expands to the GNU C <literal>alloc_size</literal> function attribute
 * if the compiler is a new enough <command>gcc</command>. This attribute
 * tells the compiler that the function returns a pointer to memory of a
 * size that is specified by the @x<!-- -->th function parameter.
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 *
 * Place the attribute after the function declaration, just before the
 * semicolon.
 *
 * See the GNU C documentation for more details.
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 *
 * Since: 2.18
 */

/**
 * G_GNUC_ALLOC_SIZE2:
 * @x: the index of the argument specifying one factor of the allocation size
 * @y: the index of the argument specifying the second factor of the allocation size
 *
 * Expands to the GNU C <literal>alloc_size</literal> function attribute
 * if the compiler is a new enough <command>gcc</command>. This attribute
 * tells the compiler that the function returns a pointer to memory of a
 * size that is specified by the product of two function parameters.
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 *
 * Place the attribute after the function declaration, just before the
 * semicolon.
 *
 * See the GNU C documentation for more details.
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 *
 * Since: 2.18
 */

/**
 * G_GNUC_DEPRECATED:
 *
 * Expands to the GNU C <literal>deprecated</literal> attribute if the
 * compiler is <command>gcc</command>. It can be used to mark typedefs,
 * variables and functions as deprecated. When called with the
 * <option>-Wdeprecated-declarations</option> option, the compiler will
 * generate warnings when deprecated interfaces are used.
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 *
 * Place the attribute after the declaration, just before the semicolon.
 *
 * See the GNU C documentation for more details.
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 *
 * Since: 2.2
 */

/**
 * G_GNUC_DEPRECATED_FOR:
 * @f: the intended replacement for the deprecated symbol,
 *     such as the name of a function
 *
 * Like %G_GNUC_DEPRECATED, but names the intended replacement for the
 * deprecated symbol if the version of <command>gcc</command> in use is
 * new enough to support custom deprecation messages.
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 *
 * Place the attribute after the declaration, just before the semicolon.
 *
 * See the GNU C documentation for more details.
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 *
 * Note that if @f is a macro, it will be expanded in the warning message.
 * You can enclose it in quotes to prevent this. (The quotes will show up
 * in the warning, but it's better than showing the macro expansion.)
 *
 * Since: 2.26
 */

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/**
 * G_GNUC_BEGIN_IGNORE_DEPRECATIONS:
 *
 * Tells <command>gcc</command> (if it is a new enough version) to
 * temporarily stop emitting warnings when functions marked with
 * %G_GNUC_DEPRECATED or %G_GNUC_DEPRECATED_FOR are called. This is
 * useful for when you have one deprecated function calling another
 * one, or when you still have regression tests for deprecated
 * functions.
 *
 * Use %G_GNUC_END_IGNORE_DEPRECATIONS to begin warning again. (If you
 * are not compiling with <literal>-Wdeprecated-declarations</literal>
 * then neither macro has any effect.)
 *
 * This macro can be used either inside or outside of a function body,
 * but must appear on a line by itself.
 *
 * Since: 2.32
 */

/**
 * G_GNUC_END_IGNORE_DEPRECATIONS:
 *
 * Undoes the effect of %G_GNUC_BEGIN_IGNORE_DEPRECATIONS, telling
 * <command>gcc</command> to begin outputting warnings again
 * (assuming those warnings had been enabled to begin with).
 *
 * This macro can be used either inside or outside of a function body,
 * but must appear on a line by itself.
 *
 * Since: 2.32
 */

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/**
 * G_DEPRECATED:
 *
 * This macro is similar to %G_GNUC_DEPRECATED, and can be used to mark
 * functions declarations as deprecated. Unlike %G_GNUC_DEPRECATED, it is
 * meant to be portable across different compilers and must be placed
 * before the function declaration.
 *
 * Since: 2.32
 */

/**
 * G_DEPRECATED_FOR:
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 * @f: the name of the function that this function was deprecated for
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 *
 * This macro is similar to %G_GNUC_DEPRECATED_FOR, and can be used to mark
 * functions declarations as deprecated. Unlike %G_GNUC_DEPRECATED_FOR, it is
 * meant to be portable across different compilers and must be placed
 * before the function declaration.
 *
 * Since: 2.32
 */

/**
 * G_UNAVAILABLE:
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 * @maj: the major version that introduced the symbol
 * @min: the minor version that introduced the symbol
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 *
 * This macro can be used to mark a function declaration as unavailable.
 * It must be placed before the function declaration. Use of a function
 * that has been annotated with this macros will produce a compiler warning.
 *
 * Since: 2.32
 */

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/**
 * GLIB_DISABLE_DEPRECATION_WARNINGS:
 *
 * A macro that should be defined before including the glib.h header.
 * If it is defined, no compiler warnings will be produced for uses
 * of deprecated GLib APIs.
 */

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/**
 * G_GNUC_NORETURN:
 *
 * Expands to the GNU C <literal>noreturn</literal> function attribute
 * if the compiler is <command>gcc</command>. It is used for declaring
 * functions which never return. It enables optimization of the function,
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 * and avoids possible compiler warnings.
 *
 * Place the attribute after the declaration, just before the semicolon.
 *
 * See the GNU C documentation for more details.
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 */

/**
 * G_GNUC_UNUSED:
 *
 * Expands to the GNU C <literal>unused</literal> function attribute if
 * the compiler is <command>gcc</command>. It is used for declaring
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 * functions and arguments which may never be used. It avoids possible compiler
 * warnings.
 *
 * For functions, place the attribute after the declaration, just before the
 * semicolon. For arguments, place the attribute at the beginning of the
 * argument declaration.
 *
 * |[
 * void my_unused_function (G_GNUC_UNUSED gint unused_argument,
 *                          gint other_argument) G_GNUC_UNUSED;
 * ]|
 *
 * See the GNU C documentation for more details.
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 */

/**
 * G_GNUC_PRINTF:
 * @format_idx: the index of the argument corresponding to the
 *     format string (The arguments are numbered from 1)
 * @arg_idx: the index of the first of the format arguments
 *
 * Expands to the GNU C <literal>format</literal> function attribute
 * if the compiler is <command>gcc</command>. This is used for declaring
 * functions which take a variable number of arguments, with the same
 * syntax as printf(). It allows the compiler to type-check the arguments
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 * passed to the function.
 *
 * Place the attribute after the function declaration, just before the
 * semicolon.
 *
 * See the GNU C documentation for more details.
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 *
 * |[
 * gint g_snprintf (gchar  *string,
 *                  gulong       n,
 *                  gchar const *format,
 *                  ...) G_GNUC_PRINTF (3, 4);
 * ]|
 */

/**
 * G_GNUC_SCANF:
 * @format_idx: the index of the argument corresponding to
 *     the format string (The arguments are numbered from 1)
 * @arg_idx: the index of the first of the format arguments
 *
 * Expands to the GNU C <literal>format</literal> function attribute
 * if the compiler is <command>gcc</command>. This is used for declaring
 * functions which take a variable number of arguments, with the same
 * syntax as scanf(). It allows the compiler to type-check the arguments
 * passed to the function. See the GNU C documentation for details.
 */

/**
 * G_GNUC_FORMAT:
 * @arg_idx: the index of the argument
 *
 * Expands to the GNU C <literal>format_arg</literal> function attribute
 * if the compiler is <command>gcc</command>. This function attribute
 * specifies that a function takes a format string for a printf(),
 * scanf(), strftime() or strfmon() style function and modifies it,
 * so that the result can be passed to a printf(), scanf(), strftime()
 * or strfmon() style function (with the remaining arguments to the
 * format function the same as they would have been for the unmodified
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 * string).
 *
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 * Place the attribute after the function declaration, just before the
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 * semicolon.
 *
 * See the GNU C documentation for more details.
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 *
 * |[
 * gchar *g_dgettext (gchar *domain_name, gchar *msgid) G_GNUC_FORMAT (2);
 * ]|
 */

/**
 * G_GNUC_NULL_TERMINATED:
 *
 * Expands to the GNU C <literal>sentinel</literal> function attribute
 * if the compiler is <command>gcc</command>, or "" if it isn't. This
 * function attribute only applies to variadic functions and instructs
 * the compiler to check that the argument list is terminated with an
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 * explicit %NULL.
 *
 * Place the attribute after the declaration, just before the semicolon.
 *
 * See the GNU C documentation for more details.
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 *
 * Since: 2.8
 */

/**
 * G_GNUC_WARN_UNUSED_RESULT:
 *
 * Expands to the GNU C <literal>warn_unused_result</literal> function
 * attribute if the compiler is <command>gcc</command>, or "" if it isn't.
 * This function attribute makes the compiler emit a warning if the result
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 * of a function call is ignored.
 *
 * Place the attribute after the declaration, just before the semicolon.
 *
 * See the GNU C documentation for more details.
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 *
 * Since: 2.10
 */

/**
 * G_GNUC_FUNCTION:
 *
 * Expands to "" on all modern compilers, and to
 * <literal>__FUNCTION__</literal> on <command>gcc</command> version 2.x.
 * Don't use it.
 *
 * Deprecated: 2.16: Use #G_STRFUNC instead
 */

/**
 * G_GNUC_PRETTY_FUNCTION:
 *
 * Expands to "" on all modern compilers, and to
 * <literal>__PRETTY_FUNCTION__</literal> on <command>gcc</command>
 * version 2.x. Don't use it.
 *
 * Deprecated: 2.16: Use #G_STRFUNC instead
 */

/**
 * G_GNUC_NO_INSTRUMENT:
 *
 * Expands to the GNU C <literal>no_instrument_function</literal> function
 * attribute if the compiler is <command>gcc</command>. Functions with this
 * attribute will not be instrumented for profiling, when the compiler is
 * called with the <option>-finstrument-functions</option> option.
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 *
 * Place the attribute after the declaration, just before the semicolon.
 *
 * See the GNU C documentation for more details.
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 */

/**
 * G_GNUC_INTERNAL:
 *
 * This attribute can be used for marking library functions as being used
 * internally to the library only, which may allow the compiler to handle
 * function calls more efficiently. Note that static functions do not need
 * to be marked as internal in this way. See the GNU C documentation for
 * details.
 *
 * When using a compiler that supports the GNU C hidden visibility attribute,
 * this macro expands to <literal>__attribute__((visibility("hidden")))</literal>.
 * When using the Sun Studio compiler, it expands to <literal>__hidden</literal>.
 *
 * Note that for portability, the attribute should be placed before the
 * function declaration. While GCC allows the macro after the declaration,
 * Sun Studio does not.
 *
 * |[
 * G_GNUC_INTERNAL
 * void _g_log_fallback_handler (const gchar    *log_domain,
 *                               GLogLevelFlags  log_level,
 *                               const gchar    *message,
 *                               gpointer        unused_data);
 * ]|
 *
 * Since: 2.6
 */

/**
 * G_GNUC_MAY_ALIAS:
 *
 * Expands to the GNU C <literal>may_alias</literal> type attribute
 * if the compiler is <command>gcc</command>. Types with this attribute
 * will not be subjected to type-based alias analysis, but are assumed
 * to alias with any other type, just like char.
 * See the GNU C documentation for details.
 *
 * Since: 2.14
 */

/**
 * G_LIKELY:
 * @expr: the expression
 *
 * Hints the compiler that the expression is likely to evaluate to
 * a true value. The compiler may use this information for optimizations.
 *
 * |[
 * if (G_LIKELY (random () != 1))
 *   g_print ("not one");
 * ]|
 *
 * Returns: the value of @expr
 *
 * Since: 2.2
 */

/**
 * G_UNLIKELY:
 * @expr: the expression
 *
 * Hints the compiler that the expression is unlikely to evaluate to
 * a true value. The compiler may use this information for optimizations.
 *
 * |[
 * if (G_UNLIKELY (random () == 1))
 *   g_print ("a random one");
 * ]|
 *
 * Returns: the value of @expr
 *
 * Since: 2.2
 */

/**
 * G_STRLOC:
 *
 * Expands to a string identifying the current code position.
 */

/**
 * G_STRFUNC:
 *
 * Expands to a string identifying the current function.
 *
 * Since: 2.4
 */

/* Windows Compatibility Functions {{{1 */

/**
 * SECTION:windows
 * @title: Windows Compatibility Functions
 * @short_description: UNIX emulation on Windows
 *
 * These functions provide some level of UNIX emulation on the
 * Windows platform. If your application really needs the POSIX
 * APIs, we suggest you try the Cygwin project.
 */

/**
 * MAXPATHLEN:
 *
 * Provided for UNIX emulation on Windows; equivalent to UNIX
 * macro %MAXPATHLEN, which is the maximum length of a filename
 * (including full path).
 */

/**
 * G_WIN32_DLLMAIN_FOR_DLL_NAME:
 * @static: empty or "static"
 * @dll_name: the name of the (pointer to the) char array where
 *     the DLL name will be stored. If this is used, you must also
 *     include <filename>windows.h</filename>. If you need a more
 *     complex DLL entry point function, you cannot use this
 *
 * On Windows, this macro defines a DllMain() function that stores
 * the actual DLL name that the code being compiled will be included in.
 *
 * On non-Windows platforms, expands to nothing.
 */

/**
 * G_WIN32_HAVE_WIDECHAR_API:
 *
 * On Windows, this macro defines an expression which evaluates to
 * %TRUE if the code is running on a version of Windows where the wide
 * character versions of the Win32 API functions, and the wide character
 * versions of the C library functions work. (They are always present in
 * the DLLs, but don't work on Windows 9x and Me.)
 *
 * On non-Windows platforms, it is not defined.
 *
 * Since: 2.6
 */


/**
 * G_WIN32_IS_NT_BASED:
 *
 * On Windows, this macro defines an expression which evaluates to
 * %TRUE if the code is running on an NT-based Windows operating system.
 *
 * On non-Windows platforms, it is not defined.
 *
 * Since: 2.6
 */

/* Epilogue {{{1 */
/* vim: set foldmethod=marker: */