Commit 8ff5668a authored by Allison Karlitskaya's avatar Allison Karlitskaya
Browse files

GSettings: delay backend subscription

GSettings objects begin watching for changes as soon as they are created
in order that they can emit the "changed" signal.

In the case of dconf, if we want to be able to emit the changed signal,
we need to go on the bus and add some match rules.  This requires
creating the dconf helper thread and also requires initialising GDBus
(which creates another thread).

Some users of GSettings are never interested in the "changed" signal.
One of these users is the glib-networking code that gets run every time
a new network connection is created.

Some users are reporting that they are annoyed that simply establishing
a network connection would spawn two extra threads and create a D-Bus

In order to avoid doing unnecessary work for these simple uses, delay
the subscription until we know that we will actually need to do it.

We do this in a simple way, using a simple argument: in order for the
user to care that a value changed then they must have:

 1) watched for a change signal; and then
 2) actually read a value

If the user didn't actually read a value then they cannot possibly be
interested in if the value changed or not (since they never knew the old
value to begin with and therefore would be unable to observe that it
ever changed, since they have nothing to compare the new value with).

This really is a behaviour change, however, and it does impact at least
one user: the 'monitor' functionality of the GSettings commandline tool,
which is interested in reporting changes without ever having known the
original values.  We add a workaround to the commandline tool in order
to ensure that it continues to function properly.

It's also possible to argue that it is completely valid to have read a
value and _then_ established a change signal connection under the
(correct) assumption that it would not have been possible to miss a
change signal by virtue of not having returned to the mainloop.
Although this argument is true, this pattern is extremely non-idiomatic,
and the problem is easily avoided by doing things in the usual order.

We never really talked about change notification in the overview
documentation for GSettings, so it seems like now is a good time to add
some discussion, including the new rules for when one can expect change
signals to be emitted.
parent 6c080721
......@@ -408,6 +408,8 @@ value_changed (GSettings *settings,
static void
gsettings_monitor (void)
gchar **keys;
if (global_key)
gchar *name;
......@@ -418,6 +420,17 @@ gsettings_monitor (void)
g_signal_connect (global_settings, "changed", G_CALLBACK (value_changed), NULL);
/* We have to read a value from GSettings before we start receiving
* signals...
* If the schema has zero keys then we won't be displaying any
* notifications anyway.
keys = g_settings_list_keys (global_settings);
if (keys[0])
g_variant_unref (g_settings_get_value (global_settings, keys[0]));
g_strfreev (keys);
for (;;)
g_main_context_iteration (NULL, TRUE);
......@@ -83,6 +83,16 @@
* the names must begin with a lowercase character, must not end
* with a '-', and must not contain consecutive dashes.
* GSettings supports change notification. The primary mechanism to
* watch for changes is to connect to the "changed" signal. You can
* optionally watch for changes on only a single key by using a signal
* detail. Signals are only guaranteed to be emitted for a given key
* after you have read the value of that key while a signal handler was
* connected for that key. Signals may or may not be emitted in the
* case that the key "changed" to the value that you had previously
* read. Signals may be reported in additional cases as well and the
* "changed" signal should really be treated as "may have changed".
* Similar to GConf, the default values in GSettings schemas can be
* localized, but the localized values are stored in gettext catalogs
* and looked up with the domain that is specified in the
......@@ -229,6 +239,8 @@ struct _GSettingsPrivate
GSettingsSchema *schema;
gchar *path;
gboolean is_subscribed;
GDelayedSettingsBackend *delayed;
......@@ -304,6 +316,26 @@ g_settings_real_writable_change_event (GSettings *settings,
return FALSE;
static gboolean
g_settings_has_signal_handlers (GSettings *settings)
GSettingsClass *class = G_SETTINGS_GET_CLASS (settings);
if (class->change_event != g_settings_real_change_event ||
class->writable_change_event != g_settings_real_writable_change_event)
return TRUE;
if (g_signal_has_handler_pending (settings, g_settings_signals[SIGNAL_WRITABLE_CHANGE_EVENT], 0, TRUE) ||
g_signal_has_handler_pending (settings, g_settings_signals[SIGNAL_WRITABLE_CHANGED], 0, TRUE) ||
g_signal_has_handler_pending (settings, g_settings_signals[SIGNAL_CHANGE_EVENT], 0, TRUE) ||
g_signal_has_handler_pending (settings, g_settings_signals[SIGNAL_CHANGED], 0, TRUE))
return TRUE;
/* None of that? Then surely nobody is watching.... */
return FALSE;
static void
settings_backend_changed (GObject *target,
GSettingsBackend *backend,
......@@ -570,8 +602,6 @@ g_settings_constructed (GObject *object)
g_settings_backend_watch (settings->priv->backend,
&listener_vtable, G_OBJECT (settings),
g_settings_backend_subscribe (settings->priv->backend,
static void
......@@ -579,8 +609,10 @@ g_settings_finalize (GObject *object)
GSettings *settings = G_SETTINGS (object);
g_settings_backend_unsubscribe (settings->priv->backend,
if (settings->priv->is_subscribed)
g_settings_backend_unsubscribe (settings->priv->backend,
g_main_context_unref (settings->priv->main_context);
g_object_unref (settings->priv->backend);
g_settings_schema_unref (settings->priv->schema);
......@@ -1045,6 +1077,13 @@ g_settings_read_from_backend (GSettings *settings,
GVariant *fixup;
gchar *path;
/* If we are not yet watching for changes, consider doing it now... */
if (!settings->priv->is_subscribed && g_settings_has_signal_handlers (settings))
g_settings_backend_subscribe (settings->priv->backend, settings->priv->path);
settings->priv->is_subscribed = TRUE;
path = g_strconcat (settings->priv->path, key->name, NULL);
if (user_value_only)
value = g_settings_backend_read_user_value (settings->priv->backend, path, key->type);
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