gimpimage-resize.c 104 KB
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/* The GIMP -- an image manipulation program
 * Copyright (C) 1995 Spencer Kimball and Peter Mattis
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
 */
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#include "config.h"

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#include <string.h>
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#include <gtk/gtk.h>

#include "apptypes.h"

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#include "channel.h"
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#include "cursorutil.h"
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#include "drawable.h"
#include "floating_sel.h"
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#include "gdisplay.h"
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#include "gimage_mask.h"
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#include "gimpcontext.h"
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#include "gimpimage.h"
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#include "gimpmarshal.h"
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#include "gimprc.h"
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#include "gimpparasite.h"
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#include "layer.h"
#include "paint_funcs.h"
#include "parasitelist.h"
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#include "path.h"
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#include "pixel_region.h"
#include "temp_buf.h"
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#include "tile_manager.h"
#include "tile.h"
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#include "undo.h"
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#include "libgimp/gimpcolorspace.h"
#include "libgimp/gimplimits.h"
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#include "libgimp/gimpmath.h"
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#include "libgimp/gimpparasite.h"
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#include "libgimp/gimpintl.h"

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#ifdef DEBUG
#define TRC(x) printf x
#else
#define TRC(x)
#endif


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/*  Local function declarations  */
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static void     gimp_image_destroy               (GtkObject    *object);
static void     gimp_image_free_projection       (GimpImage    *gimage);
static void     gimp_image_allocate_shadow       (GimpImage    *gimage,
						  gint          width,
						  gint          height,
						  gint          bpp);
static void     gimp_image_allocate_projection   (GimpImage    *gimage);
static void     gimp_image_free_layers           (GimpImage    *gimage);
static void     gimp_image_free_channels         (GimpImage    *gimage);
static void     gimp_image_construct_layers      (GimpImage    *gimage,
						  gint          x,
						  gint          y,
						  gint          w,
						  gint          h);
static void     gimp_image_construct_channels    (GimpImage    *gimage,
						  gint          x,
						  gint          y,
						  gint          w,
						  gint          h);
static void     gimp_image_initialize_projection (GimpImage    *gimage,
						  gint          x,
						  gint          y,
						  gint          w,
						  gint          h);
static void     gimp_image_get_active_channels   (GimpImage    *gimage,
						  GimpDrawable *drawable,
						  gint         *active);
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/*  projection functions  */
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static void     project_intensity                (GimpImage    *gimage,
						  Layer        *layer,
						  PixelRegion  *src,
						  PixelRegion  *dest,
						  PixelRegion  *mask);
static void     project_intensity_alpha          (GimpImage    *gimage,
						  Layer        *layer,
						  PixelRegion  *src,
						  PixelRegion  *dest,
						  PixelRegion  *mask);
static void     project_indexed                  (GimpImage    *gimage,
						  Layer        *layer,
						  PixelRegion  *src,
						  PixelRegion  *dest);
static void     project_indexed_alpha            (GimpImage    *gimage, 
						  Layer        *layer,
						  PixelRegion  *src, 
						  PixelRegion  *dest,
						  PixelRegion  *mask);
static void     project_channel                  (GimpImage    *gimage,
						  Channel      *layer,
						  PixelRegion  *src,
						  PixelRegion  *src2);
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/*
 *  Global variables
 */
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gint valid_combinations[][MAX_CHANNELS + 1] =
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{
  /* RGB GIMAGE */
  { -1, -1, -1, COMBINE_INTEN_INTEN, COMBINE_INTEN_INTEN_A },
  /* RGBA GIMAGE */
  { -1, -1, -1, COMBINE_INTEN_A_INTEN, COMBINE_INTEN_A_INTEN_A },
  /* GRAY GIMAGE */
  { -1, COMBINE_INTEN_INTEN, COMBINE_INTEN_INTEN_A, -1, -1 },
  /* GRAYA GIMAGE */
  { -1, COMBINE_INTEN_A_INTEN, COMBINE_INTEN_A_INTEN_A, -1, -1 },
  /* INDEXED GIMAGE */
  { -1, COMBINE_INDEXED_INDEXED, COMBINE_INDEXED_INDEXED_A, -1, -1 },
  /* INDEXEDA GIMAGE */
  { -1, -1, COMBINE_INDEXED_A_INDEXED_A, -1, -1 },
};

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guint32 next_guide_id = 1;  /* For generating guide_ID handles for PDB stuff */
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/*
 *  Static variables
 */

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enum
{
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  CLEAN,
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  DIRTY,
  REPAINT,
  RENAME,
  RESIZE,
  RESTRUCTURE,
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  COLORMAP_CHANGED,
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  UNDO_EVENT,
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  LAST_SIGNAL
};
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static guint gimp_image_signals[LAST_SIGNAL] = { 0 };

static GimpObjectClass *parent_class = NULL;
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static void
gimp_image_class_init (GimpImageClass *klass)
{
  GtkObjectClass *object_class;
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  object_class = (GtkObjectClass *) klass;
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  parent_class = gtk_type_class (GIMP_TYPE_OBJECT);
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  gimp_image_signals[CLEAN] =
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    gtk_signal_new ("clean",
                    GTK_RUN_FIRST,
                    object_class->type,
                    GTK_SIGNAL_OFFSET (GimpImageClass,
				       clean),
                    gtk_signal_default_marshaller,
                    GTK_TYPE_NONE, 0);

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  gimp_image_signals[DIRTY] =
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    gtk_signal_new ("dirty",
                    GTK_RUN_FIRST,
                    object_class->type,
                    GTK_SIGNAL_OFFSET (GimpImageClass,
				       dirty),
                    gtk_signal_default_marshaller,
                    GTK_TYPE_NONE, 0);

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  gimp_image_signals[REPAINT] =
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    gtk_signal_new ("repaint",
                    GTK_RUN_FIRST,
                    object_class->type,
                    GTK_SIGNAL_OFFSET (GimpImageClass,
				       repaint),
                    gimp_marshal_NONE__INT_INT_INT_INT,
                    GTK_TYPE_NONE, 4,
		    GTK_TYPE_INT,
		    GTK_TYPE_INT,
		    GTK_TYPE_INT,
		    GTK_TYPE_INT);

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  gimp_image_signals[RENAME] =
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    gtk_signal_new ("rename",
                    GTK_RUN_FIRST,
                    object_class->type,
                    GTK_SIGNAL_OFFSET (GimpImageClass,
				       rename),
                    gtk_signal_default_marshaller,
                    GTK_TYPE_NONE, 0);

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  gimp_image_signals[RESIZE] =
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    gtk_signal_new ("resize",
                    GTK_RUN_FIRST,
                    object_class->type,
                    GTK_SIGNAL_OFFSET (GimpImageClass,
				       resize),
                    gtk_signal_default_marshaller,
                    GTK_TYPE_NONE, 0);

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  gimp_image_signals[RESTRUCTURE] =
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    gtk_signal_new ("restructure",
                    GTK_RUN_FIRST,
                    object_class->type,
                    GTK_SIGNAL_OFFSET (GimpImageClass,
				       restructure),
                    gtk_signal_default_marshaller,
                    GTK_TYPE_NONE, 0);

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  gimp_image_signals[COLORMAP_CHANGED] =
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    gtk_signal_new ("colormap_changed",
                    GTK_RUN_FIRST,
                    object_class->type,
                    GTK_SIGNAL_OFFSET (GimpImageClass,
				       colormap_changed),
                    gtk_marshal_NONE__INT,
                    GTK_TYPE_NONE, 1,
		    GTK_TYPE_INT);

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  gimp_image_signals[UNDO_EVENT] = 
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    gtk_signal_new ("undo_event",
                    GTK_RUN_FIRST,
                    object_class->type,
                    GTK_SIGNAL_OFFSET (GimpImageClass,
				       undo_event),
                    gtk_marshal_NONE__INT,
                    GTK_TYPE_NONE, 1,
		    GTK_TYPE_INT);
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  gtk_object_class_add_signals (object_class, gimp_image_signals, LAST_SIGNAL);
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  object_class->destroy = gimp_image_destroy;

  klass->clean            = NULL;
  klass->dirty            = NULL;
  klass->repaint          = NULL;
  klass->rename           = NULL;
  klass->resize           = NULL;
  klass->restructure      = NULL;
  klass->colormap_changed = NULL;
  klass->undo_event       = NULL;
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}


/* static functions */

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static void 
gimp_image_init (GimpImage *gimage)
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{
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  gimage->has_filename          = FALSE;
  gimage->num_cols              = 0;
  gimage->cmap                  = NULL;
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  gimage->disp_count            = 0;
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  gimage->instance_count        = 0;
  gimage->shadow                = NULL;
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  gimage->dirty                 = 1;
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  gimage->undo_on               = TRUE;
  gimage->construct_flag        = -1;
  gimage->tattoo_state          = 0;
  gimage->projection            = NULL;
  gimage->guides                = NULL;
  gimage->layers                = NULL;
  gimage->channels              = NULL;
  gimage->layer_stack           = NULL;
  gimage->undo_stack            = NULL;
  gimage->redo_stack            = NULL;
  gimage->undo_bytes            = 0;
  gimage->undo_levels           = 0;
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  gimage->group_count           = 0;
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  gimage->pushing_undo_group    = UNDO_NULL;
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  gimage->comp_preview_valid[0] = FALSE;
  gimage->comp_preview_valid[1] = FALSE;
  gimage->comp_preview_valid[2] = FALSE;
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  gimage->comp_preview          = NULL;
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  gimage->parasites             = parasite_list_new ();
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  gimage->xresolution           = default_xresolution;
  gimage->yresolution           = default_yresolution;
  gimage->unit                  = default_units;
  gimage->save_proc             = NULL;
  gimage->paths                 = NULL;
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}

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GtkType 
gimp_image_get_type (void) 
{
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  static GtkType image_type = 0;

  if (! image_type)
    {
      GtkTypeInfo image_info =
      {
        "GimpImage",
        sizeof (GimpImage),
        sizeof (GimpImageClass),
        (GtkClassInitFunc) gimp_image_class_init,
        (GtkObjectInitFunc) gimp_image_init,
        /* reserved_1 */ NULL,
        /* reserved_2 */ NULL,
        (GtkClassInitFunc) NULL,
      };

      image_type = gtk_type_unique (GIMP_TYPE_OBJECT, &image_info);
    }

  return image_type;
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}

static void
gimp_image_allocate_projection (GimpImage *gimage)
{
  if (gimage->projection)
    gimp_image_free_projection (gimage);

  /*  Find the number of bytes required for the projection.
   *  This includes the intensity channels and an alpha channel
   *  if one doesn't exist.
   */
  switch (gimp_image_base_type (gimage))
    {
    case RGB:
    case INDEXED:
      gimage->proj_bytes = 4;
      gimage->proj_type = RGBA_GIMAGE;
      break;
    case GRAY:
      gimage->proj_bytes = 2;
      gimage->proj_type = GRAYA_GIMAGE;
      break;
    default:
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      g_assert_not_reached ();
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    }

  /*  allocate the new projection  */
  gimage->projection = tile_manager_new (gimage->width, gimage->height, gimage->proj_bytes);
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  tile_manager_set_user_data (gimage->projection, (void *) gimage);
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  tile_manager_set_validate_proc (gimage->projection, gimp_image_validate);
}

static void
gimp_image_free_projection (GimpImage *gimage)
{
  if (gimage->projection)
    tile_manager_destroy (gimage->projection);

  gimage->projection = NULL;
}

static void
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gimp_image_allocate_shadow (GimpImage *gimage, 
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			    gint       width, 
			    gint       height, 
			    gint       bpp)
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{
  /*  allocate the new projection  */
  gimage->shadow = tile_manager_new (width, height, bpp);
}


/* function definitions */

GimpImage *
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gimp_image_new (gint               width,
		gint               height,
		GimpImageBaseType  base_type)
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{
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  GimpImage *gimage = GIMP_IMAGE (gtk_type_new (gimp_image_get_type ()));
  gint i;
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  gimage->filename  = NULL;
  gimage->width     = width;
  gimage->height    = height;
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  gimage->base_type = base_type;

  switch (base_type)
    {
    case RGB:
    case GRAY:
      break;
    case INDEXED:
      /* always allocate 256 colors for the colormap */
      gimage->num_cols = 0;
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      gimage->cmap     = (guchar *) g_malloc0 (COLORMAP_SIZE);
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      break;
    default:
      break;
    }

  /*  configure the active pointers  */
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  gimage->active_layer   = NULL;
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  gimage->active_channel = NULL;  /* no default active channel */
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  gimage->floating_sel   = NULL;
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  /*  set all color channels visible and active  */
  for (i = 0; i < MAX_CHANNELS; i++)
    {
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      gimage->visible[i] = TRUE;
      gimage->active[i]  = TRUE;
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    }

  /* create the selection mask */
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  gimage->selection_mask = channel_new_mask (gimage,
					     gimage->width, gimage->height);
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  /* set the qmask properties */
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  gimage->qmask_state    = FALSE;
  gimage->qmask_opacity  = 50;
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  gimage->qmask_color[0] = 255; 
  gimage->qmask_color[1] = 0; 
  gimage->qmask_color[2] = 0; 
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  return gimage;
}

void
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gimp_image_set_filename (GimpImage *gimage, 
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			 gchar     *filename)
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{
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  gchar    *new_filename;
  gchar    *old_filename;
  gboolean  free_old;
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  /* 
   * WARNING: this function will free the current filename even if you are 
   * setting it to itself so any pointer you hold to the filename will be
   * invalid after this call.  So please use with care.
   */

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  new_filename = g_strdup (filename);
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  old_filename = gimage->filename;
  free_old = gimage->has_filename;
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  if (filename && filename[0])
    {
      gimage->filename = new_filename;
      gimage->has_filename = TRUE;
    }
  else
    {
      gimage->filename = NULL;
      gimage->has_filename = FALSE;
    }

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  if (free_old)
    g_free (old_filename);

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  gtk_signal_emit (GTK_OBJECT (gimage), gimp_image_signals[RENAME]);
}

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void
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gimp_image_set_resolution (GimpImage *gimage,
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			   gdouble    xresolution,
			   gdouble    yresolution)
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{
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  /* nothing to do if setting res to the same as before */
  if ((ABS (gimage->xresolution - xresolution) < 1e-5) &&
      (ABS (gimage->yresolution - yresolution) < 1e-5))
      return;

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  /* don't allow to set the resolution out of bounds */
  if (xresolution < GIMP_MIN_RESOLUTION || xresolution > GIMP_MAX_RESOLUTION ||
      yresolution < GIMP_MIN_RESOLUTION || yresolution > GIMP_MAX_RESOLUTION)
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    return;

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  undo_push_resolution (gimage);
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  gimage->xresolution = xresolution;
  gimage->yresolution = yresolution;
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  /* really just want to recalc size and repaint */
  gdisplays_shrink_wrap (gimage);
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}

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void
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gimp_image_get_resolution (const GimpImage *gimage,
			   gdouble         *xresolution,
			   gdouble         *yresolution)
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{
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  g_return_if_fail (xresolution && yresolution);

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  *xresolution = gimage->xresolution;
  *yresolution = gimage->yresolution;
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}

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void
gimp_image_set_unit (GimpImage *gimage,
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		     GimpUnit   unit)
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{
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  undo_push_resolution (gimage);

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  gimage->unit = unit;
}

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GimpUnit
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gimp_image_get_unit (const GimpImage *gimage)
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{
  return gimage->unit;
}

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void
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gimp_image_set_save_proc (GimpImage     *gimage, 
			  PlugInProcDef *proc)
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{
  gimage->save_proc = proc;
}

PlugInProcDef *
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gimp_image_get_save_proc (const GimpImage *gimage)
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{
  return gimage->save_proc;
}
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gint
gimp_image_get_width (const GimpImage *gimage)
{
  return gimage->width;
}

gint
gimp_image_get_height (const GimpImage *gimage)
{
  return gimage->height;
}

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void
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gimp_image_resize (GimpImage *gimage, 
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		   gint       new_width, 
		   gint       new_height,
		   gint       offset_x, 
		   gint       offset_y)
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{
  Channel *channel;
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  Layer   *layer;
  Layer   *floating_layer;
  GSList  *list;
  GList   *guide_list;
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  gimp_add_busy_cursors ();
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  g_assert (new_width > 0 && new_height > 0);
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  /*  Get the floating layer if one exists  */
  floating_layer = gimp_image_floating_sel (gimage);

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  undo_push_group_start (gimage, IMAGE_RESIZE_UNDO);
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  /*  Relax the floating selection  */
  if (floating_layer)
    floating_sel_relax (floating_layer, TRUE);

  /*  Push the image size to the stack  */
  undo_push_gimage_mod (gimage);

  /*  Set the new width and height  */
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  gimage->width  = new_width;
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  gimage->height = new_height;

  /*  Resize all channels  */
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  for (list = gimage->channels; list; list = g_slist_next (list))
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    {
      channel = (Channel *) list->data;
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      channel_resize (channel, new_width, new_height, offset_x, offset_y);
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    }

  /*  Reposition or remove any guides  */
  guide_list = gimage->guides;
  while (guide_list)
    {
      Guide *guide;

      guide = (Guide*) guide_list->data;
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      guide_list = g_list_next (guide_list);
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      switch (guide->orientation)
	{
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	case ORIENTATION_HORIZONTAL:
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	  undo_push_guide (gimage, guide);
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	  guide->position += offset_y;
	  if (guide->position < 0 || guide->position > new_height)
	    gimp_image_delete_guide (gimage, guide);
	  break;
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	case ORIENTATION_VERTICAL:
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	  undo_push_guide (gimage, guide);
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	  guide->position += offset_x;
	  if (guide->position < 0 || guide->position > new_width)
	    gimp_image_delete_guide (gimage, guide);
	  break;
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	default:
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	  g_error ("Unknown guide orientation\n");
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	}
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    }

  /*  Don't forget the selection mask!  */
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  channel_resize (gimage->selection_mask,
		  new_width, new_height, offset_x, offset_y);
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  gimage_mask_invalidate (gimage);

  /*  Reposition all layers  */
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  for (list = gimage->layers; list; list = g_slist_next (list))
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    {
      layer = (Layer *) list->data;
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      layer_translate (layer, offset_x, offset_y);
    }

  /*  Make sure the projection matches the gimage size  */
  gimp_image_projection_realloc (gimage);

  /*  Rigor the floating selection  */
  if (floating_layer)
    floating_sel_rigor (floating_layer, TRUE);

  gtk_signal_emit (GTK_OBJECT (gimage), gimp_image_signals[RESIZE]);
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  gimp_remove_busy_cursors (NULL);
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}

void
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gimp_image_scale (GimpImage *gimage, 
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		  gint       new_width, 
		  gint       new_height)
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{
  Channel *channel;
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  Layer   *layer;
  Layer   *floating_layer;
  GSList  *list;
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  GSList  *remove = NULL;
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  GList   *glist;
  Guide   *guide;
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  gint     old_width;
  gint     old_height;
  gdouble  img_scale_w = 1.0;
  gdouble  img_scale_h = 1.0;
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  if ((new_width == 0) || (new_height == 0))
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    {
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      g_message (("gimp_image_scale: Scaling to zero width or height has been rejected."));
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      return;
    }
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  gimp_add_busy_cursors ();
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  /*  Get the floating layer if one exists  */
  floating_layer = gimp_image_floating_sel (gimage);

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  undo_push_group_start (gimage, IMAGE_SCALE_UNDO);
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  /*  Relax the floating selection  */
  if (floating_layer)
    floating_sel_relax (floating_layer, TRUE);

  /*  Push the image size to the stack  */
  undo_push_gimage_mod (gimage);

  /*  Set the new width and height  */
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  old_width      = gimage->width;
  old_height     = gimage->height;
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  gimage->width  = new_width;
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  gimage->height = new_height;
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  img_scale_w    = (gdouble) new_width  / (gdouble) old_width;
  img_scale_h    = (gdouble) new_height / (gdouble) old_height;
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  /*  Scale all channels  */
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  for (list = gimage->channels; list; list = g_slist_next (list))
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    {
      channel = (Channel *) list->data;
      channel_scale (channel, new_width, new_height);
    }

  /*  Don't forget the selection mask!  */
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  /*  if (channel_is_empty(gimage->selection_mask))
        channel_resize(gimage->selection_mask, new_width, new_height, 0, 0)
      else
  */
        
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  channel_scale (gimage->selection_mask, new_width, new_height);
  gimage_mask_invalidate (gimage);

  /*  Scale all layers  */
  list = gimage->layers;
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  for (list = gimage->layers; list; list = g_slist_next (list))
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    {
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      layer = (Layer *) list->data;
      if (layer_scale_by_factors (layer, img_scale_w, img_scale_h) == FALSE)
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	{
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	  /* Since 0 < img_scale_w, img_scale_h, failure due to one or more
	   * vanishing scaled layer dimensions. Implicit delete implemented
	   * here. Upstream warning implemented in resize_check_layer_scaling()
	   * [resize.c line 1295], which offers the user the chance to bail out.
	   */
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          remove = g_slist_append (remove, layer);
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        }
    }
  /* We defer removing layers lost to scaling until now            */
  /* so as not to mix the operations of iterating over and removal */
  /* from gimage->layers.                                          */  
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  for (list = remove; list; list = g_slist_next (list))
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    {
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      layer = list->data;
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      gimp_image_remove_layer (gimage, layer);
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    }
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  g_slist_free (remove);
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  /*  Scale any Guides  */
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  for (glist = gimage->guides; glist; glist = g_list_next (glist))
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    {
      guide = (Guide*) glist->data;

      switch (guide->orientation)
	{
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	case ORIENTATION_HORIZONTAL:
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	  undo_push_guide (gimage, guide);
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	  guide->position = (guide->position * new_height) / old_height;
	  break;
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	case ORIENTATION_VERTICAL:
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	  undo_push_guide (gimage, guide);
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	  guide->position = (guide->position * new_width) / old_width;
	  break;
	default:
	  g_error("Unknown guide orientation II.\n");
	}
    }
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  /*  Make sure the projection matches the gimage size  */
  gimp_image_projection_realloc (gimage);

  /*  Rigor the floating selection  */
  if (floating_layer)
    floating_sel_rigor (floating_layer, TRUE);

  gtk_signal_emit (GTK_OBJECT (gimage), gimp_image_signals[RESIZE]);
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  gimp_remove_busy_cursors (NULL);
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}

TileManager *
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gimp_image_shadow (GimpImage *gimage, 
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		   gint       width, 
		   gint       height, 
		   gint       bpp)
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{
  if (gimage->shadow &&
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      ((width != tile_manager_level_width (gimage->shadow)) ||
       (height != tile_manager_level_height (gimage->shadow)) ||
       (bpp != tile_manager_level_bpp (gimage->shadow))))
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    gimp_image_free_shadow (gimage);
  else if (gimage->shadow)
    return gimage->shadow;

  gimp_image_allocate_shadow (gimage, width, height, bpp);

  return gimage->shadow;
}

void
gimp_image_free_shadow (GimpImage *gimage)
{
  /*  Free the shadow buffer from the specified gimage if it exists  */
  if (gimage->shadow)
    tile_manager_destroy (gimage->shadow);

  gimage->shadow = NULL;
}

static void
gimp_image_destroy (GtkObject *object)
{
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  GimpImage* gimage = GIMP_IMAGE (object);
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  gimp_image_free_projection (gimage);
  gimp_image_free_shadow (gimage);
  
  if (gimage->cmap)
    g_free (gimage->cmap);
  
  if (gimage->has_filename)
    g_free (gimage->filename);
  
  gimp_image_free_layers (gimage);
  gimp_image_free_channels (gimage);
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  gtk_object_unref (GTK_OBJECT (gimage->selection_mask));
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  if (gimage->comp_preview)
    temp_buf_free (gimage->comp_preview);

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  if (gimage->parasites)
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    gtk_object_unref (GTK_OBJECT (gimage->parasites));
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}

void
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gimp_image_apply_image (GimpImage	 *gimage,
			GimpDrawable	 *drawable,
			PixelRegion	 *src2PR,
			gint              undo,
			gint              opacity,
			LayerModeEffects  mode,
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			/*  alternative to using drawable tiles as src1: */
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			TileManager	 *src1_tiles,
			gint              x,
			gint              y)
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{
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  Channel     *mask;
  gint         x1, y1, x2, y2;
  gint         offset_x, offset_y;
  PixelRegion  src1PR, destPR, maskPR;
  gint         operation;
  gint         active [MAX_CHANNELS];
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  /*  get the selection mask if one exists  */
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  mask = (gimage_mask_is_empty (gimage)) ? NULL : gimp_image_get_mask (gimage);
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  /*  configure the active channel array  */
  gimp_image_get_active_channels (gimage, drawable, active);

  /*  determine what sort of operation is being attempted and
   *  if it's actually legal...
   */
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  operation = valid_combinations[drawable_type (drawable)][src2PR->bytes];
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  if (operation == -1)
    {
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      g_message ("gimp_image_apply_image sent illegal parameters");
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      return;
    }

  /*  get the layer offsets  */
  drawable_offsets (drawable, &offset_x, &offset_y);

  /*  make sure the image application coordinates are within gimage bounds  */
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  x1 = CLAMP (x, 0, drawable_width  (drawable));
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  y1 = CLAMP (y, 0, drawable_height (drawable));
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  x2 = CLAMP (x + src2PR->w, 0, drawable_width  (drawable));
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  y2 = CLAMP (y + src2PR->h, 0, drawable_height (drawable));

  if (mask)
    {
      /*  make sure coordinates are in mask bounds ...
       *  we need to add the layer offset to transform coords
       *  into the mask coordinate system
       */
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      x1 = CLAMP (x1, -offset_x, drawable_width (GIMP_DRAWABLE (mask))-offset_x);
      y1 = CLAMP (y1, -offset_y, drawable_height(GIMP_DRAWABLE (mask))-offset_y);
      x2 = CLAMP (x2, -offset_x, drawable_width (GIMP_DRAWABLE (mask))-offset_x);
      y2 = CLAMP (y2, -offset_y, drawable_height(GIMP_DRAWABLE (mask))-offset_y);
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    }

  /*  If the calling procedure specified an undo step...  */
  if (undo)
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    undo_push_image (gimp_drawable_gimage (drawable), drawable, x1, y1, x2, y2);
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  /* configure the pixel regions
   *  If an alternative to using the drawable's data as src1 was provided...
   */
  if (src1_tiles)
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    pixel_region_init (&src1PR, src1_tiles, 
		       x1, y1, (x2 - x1), (y2 - y1), FALSE);
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  else
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    pixel_region_init (&src1PR, drawable_data (drawable), 
		       x1, y1, (x2 - x1), (y2 - y1), FALSE);
  pixel_region_init (&destPR, drawable_data (drawable), 
		     x1, y1, (x2 - x1), (y2 - y1), TRUE);
  pixel_region_resize (src2PR, 
		       src2PR->x + (x1 - x), src2PR->y + (y1 - y), 
		       (x2 - x1), (y2 - y1));
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  if (mask)
    {
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      gint mx, my;
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      /*  configure the mask pixel region
       *  don't use x1 and y1 because they are in layer
       *  coordinate system.  Need mask coordinate system
       */
      mx = x1 + offset_x;
      my = y1 + offset_y;

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      pixel_region_init (&maskPR, 
			 drawable_data (GIMP_DRAWABLE(mask)), 
			 mx, my, 
			 (x2 - x1), (y2 - y1), 
			 FALSE);
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      combine_regions (&src1PR, src2PR, &destPR, &maskPR, NULL,
		       opacity, mode, active, operation);
    }
  else
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    {
      combine_regions (&src1PR, src2PR, &destPR, NULL, NULL,
		       opacity, mode, active, operation);
    }
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}

/* Similar to gimp_image_apply_image but works in "replace" mode (i.e.
   transparent pixels in src2 make the result transparent rather
   than opaque.

   Takes an additional mask pixel region as well.
*/
void
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gimp_image_replace_image (GimpImage    *gimage, 
			  GimpDrawable *drawable, 
			  PixelRegion  *src2PR,
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			  gint          undo, 
			  gint          opacity,
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			  PixelRegion  *maskPR,
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			  gint          x, 
			  gint          y)
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{
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  Channel     *mask;
  gint         x1, y1, x2, y2;
  gint         offset_x, offset_y;
  PixelRegion  src1PR, destPR;
  PixelRegion  mask2PR, tempPR;
  guchar      *temp_data;
  gint         operation;
  gint         active [MAX_CHANNELS];
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  /*  get the selection mask if one exists  */
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  mask = (gimage_mask_is_empty (gimage)) ? NULL : gimp_image_get_mask (gimage);
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  /*  configure the active channel array  */
  gimp_image_get_active_channels (gimage, drawable, active);

  /*  determine what sort of operation is being attempted and
   *  if it's actually legal...
   */
  operation = valid_combinations [drawable_type (drawable)][src2PR->bytes];
  if (operation == -1)
    {
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      g_message ("gimp_image_apply_image sent illegal parameters");
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      return;
    }

  /*  get the layer offsets  */
  drawable_offsets (drawable, &offset_x, &offset_y);

  /*  make sure the image application coordinates are within gimage bounds  */
  x1 = CLAMP (x, 0, drawable_width (drawable));
  y1 = CLAMP (y, 0, drawable_height (drawable));
  x2 = CLAMP (x + src2PR->w, 0, drawable_width (drawable));
  y2 = CLAMP (y + src2PR->h, 0, drawable_height (drawable));

  if (mask)
    {
      /*  make sure coordinates are in mask bounds ...
       *  we need to add the layer offset to transform coords
       *  into the mask coordinate system
       */
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      x1 = CLAMP (x1, -offset_x, drawable_width (GIMP_DRAWABLE (mask))-offset_x);
      y1 = CLAMP (y1, -offset_y, drawable_height(GIMP_DRAWABLE (mask))-offset_y);
      x2 = CLAMP (x2, -offset_x, drawable_width (GIMP_DRAWABLE (mask))-offset_x);
      y2 = CLAMP (y2, -offset_y, drawable_height(GIMP_DRAWABLE (mask))-offset_y);
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    }

  /*  If the calling procedure specified an undo step...  */
  if (undo)
    drawable_apply_image (drawable, x1, y1, x2, y2, NULL, FALSE);

  /* configure the pixel regions
   *  If an alternative to using the drawable's data as src1 was provided...
   */
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  pixel_region_init (&src1PR, drawable_data (drawable),
		     x1, y1, (x2 - x1), (y2 - y1), FALSE);
  pixel_region_init (&destPR, drawable_data (drawable),
		     x1, y1, (x2 - x1), (y2 - y1), TRUE);
  pixel_region_resize (src2PR,
		       src2PR->x + (x1 - x), src2PR->y + (y1 - y),
		       (x2 - x1), (y2 - y1));
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  if (mask)
    {
      int mx, my;

      /*  configure the mask pixel region
       *  don't use x1 and y1 because they are in layer
       *  coordinate system.  Need mask coordinate system
       */
      mx = x1 + offset_x;
      my = y1 + offset_y;

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      pixel_region_init (&mask2PR, 
			 drawable_data (GIMP_DRAWABLE(mask)), 
			 mx, my, 
			 (x2 - x1), (y2 - y1), 
			 FALSE);
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      tempPR.bytes = 1;
      tempPR.x = 0;
      tempPR.y = 0;
      tempPR.w = x2 - x1;
      tempPR.h = y2 - y1;
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      tempPR.rowstride = tempPR.w * tempPR.bytes;
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      temp_data = g_malloc (tempPR.h * tempPR.rowstride);
      tempPR.data = temp_data;

      copy_region (&mask2PR, &tempPR);

      /* apparently, region operations can mutate some PR data. */
      tempPR.x = 0;
      tempPR.y = 0;
      tempPR.w = x2 - x1;
      tempPR.h = y2 - y1;
      tempPR.data = temp_data;

      apply_mask_to_region (&tempPR, maskPR, OPAQUE_OPACITY);

      tempPR.x = 0;
      tempPR.y = 0;
      tempPR.w = x2 - x1;
      tempPR.h = y2 - y1;
      tempPR.data = temp_data;

      combine_regions_replace (&src1PR, src2PR, &destPR, &tempPR, NULL,
		       opacity, active, operation);

      g_free (temp_data);
    }
  else
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    {
      combine_regions_replace (&src1PR, src2PR, &destPR, maskPR, NULL,
			       opacity, active, operation);
    }
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}

/* Get rid of these! A "foreground" is an UI concept.. */

void
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gimp_image_get_foreground (const GimpImage    *gimage, 
			   const GimpDrawable *drawable, 
			   guchar             *fg)
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