INSTALL 13.2 KB
Newer Older
1 2 3 4
THIS IS A DEVELOPMENT VERSION OF THE GIMP !! YOU SHOULD BE USING THE
STABLE VERSION 1.2 INSTEAD !! YOU HAVE BEEN WARNED!


5 6 7 8
There are some basic steps to building and installing the GIMP:

  1. You need to have installed a recent version of pkg-config available
     from http://www.freedesktop.org/software/pkgconfig/.  
9

Sven Neumann's avatar
Sven Neumann committed
10 11 12 13 14
  2. You need to have installed GTK+ version 2.2.0 or better. Do not try to
     use an older GTK+ version (1.2.x), it will not work. GTK+-2.2 itself
     needs recent versions of GLib, Pango and ATK. Grab them from
     ftp://ftp.gtk.org/. GTK+-2.x and friends can be installed side by side
     with GTK+-1.2.
15

16
  3. We require PangoFT2, a Pango backend that uses FreeType2. Make sure 
17 18
     you have FreeType2 installed before you compile Pango. It can be
     downloaded from http://www.freetype.org/.
19 20

  4. We use libart2. Grab the module libart_lgpl out of GNOME CVS or
21
     fetch the tarball from
22
     ftp://ftp.gnome.org/pub/gnome/sources/libart_lgpl/
23

Sven Neumann's avatar
Sven Neumann committed
24
  5. You may want to install other third party libraries or programs that
25 26
     are needed for some of the available plugins: tiff, png, jpeg,
     print, helpbrowser, ...
27

28 29
  6. Configure the GIMP by running the `configure' script. You may want
     to pass some options to it, see below.
30

31 32 33
  7. Build the GIMP by running `make'. The use of GNU make is recommened.
     If you need to tweak the build to make it work with other flavours
     of make, we'd appreciate if you'd send us a patch with the changes.
34

Sven Neumann's avatar
Sven Neumann committed
35
  8. Install the GIMP by running `make install'. In order to avoid clashes
36 37
     with an installed stable version of The GIMP, we install a binary
     called gimp-1.3.
Elliot Lee's avatar
Elliot Lee committed
38

Sven Neumann's avatar
Sven Neumann committed
39
Please make sure you don't have any old GTK+-2.x, jpeg, etc. libraries 
Sven Neumann's avatar
updates  
Sven Neumann committed
40
lying around on your system, otherwise configure may fail to find the 
41
new ones.
Manish Singh's avatar
Manish Singh committed
42

Elliot Lee's avatar
Elliot Lee committed
43 44 45 46 47
Generic instructions for configuring and compiling auto-configured
packages are included below. Here is an illustration of commands that
might be used to build and install the GIMP. The actual configuration,
compilation and installation output is not shown.

48 49
  % tar xvfz gimp-1.3.x.tar.gz   # unpack the sources
  % cd gimp-1.3.x                # change to the toplevel directory
Elliot Lee's avatar
Elliot Lee committed
50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57
  % ./configure                  # run the `configure' script
  % make                         # build the GIMP
  % make install                 # install the GIMP

The `configure' script examines your system, and adapts the GIMP to
run on it. The script has many options, some of which are described in
the generic instructions included at the end of this file. All of the
options can be listed using the command `./configure --help'. There
58
are five commands special options the GIMP `configure' script
Elliot Lee's avatar
Elliot Lee committed
59 60
recognizes. These are:

61
  --enable-shared and --disable-shared.  This option affects whether
Elliot Lee's avatar
Elliot Lee committed
62
     shared libraries will be built or not. Shared libraries provide
63 64
     for much smaller executables. The default is to enable shared
     libraries. Disabling shared libraries is almost never a good idea.
Elliot Lee's avatar
Elliot Lee committed
65

66
  --enable-debug and --disable-debug.  This option causes the build
Elliot Lee's avatar
Elliot Lee committed
67 68 69 70 71
     process to compile with debugging enabled. If debugging is
     disabled, the GIMP will instead be compiled with optimizations turned
     on. The default is for debugging to be disabled. NOTE: This
     option is intended primarily as a convenience for developers.

72
  --enable-ansi and --disable-ansi.  This option causes stricter
Elliot Lee's avatar
Elliot Lee committed
73 74 75 76
     ANSI C checking to be performed when compiling with GCC. The
     default is for strict checking to be disabled. NOTE: This option
     is intended primarily as a convenience for developers.

77
  --enable-gimpdir=DIR.  This option changes the default directory
78 79
     the gimp uses to search for its configuration files from ~/.gimp-1.3 
     (the directory .gimp-1.3 in the users home directory) to DIR.
Sven Neumann's avatar
Sven Neumann committed
80

81
  --without-libtiff, without-libjpeg, --without-libpng.  configure
Sven Neumann's avatar
Sven Neumann committed
82 83 84 85 86 87
     will bail out if libtiff, libjpeg or libpng can not be found. You
     better fix the underlying problem and install these libraries with
     their header files. If you absolutely want to compile GIMP without
     support for TIFF, JPEG or PNG you need to explicitely disable
     them using the options given above.
 
88
  --enable-gtk-doc.  This option controls whether the libgimp API
Sven Neumann's avatar
Sven Neumann committed
89
     references will be created using gtk-doc. The HTML pages are 
90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99
     included in a standard tarball, so you will only need this if you
     are building from CVS.

  --with-html-dir=PATH.  This option allows to specify where the
     libgimp API reference should be installed. You might want to modify
     the path so it points to the place where glib and gtk+ installled
     their API references so that the libgimp reference can link to
     them.

  --disable-print.  The print plug-in requires a recent version of
100
     libgimpprint. If you don't have it already installed, download
101 102 103 104 105
     it from http://gimp-print.sourceforge.net/. You need to pass
     --without-gimp to gimp-print's configure script to build it without
     having gimp-1.2 installed. If you want to compile GIMP without
     support for printing, use the --disable-print option.

106 107 108 109 110 111
  --enable-mp. This options control whether to build GIMP with or without
     support for multiple processors. This option is off by default. If
     you do have multiply processors and run GIMP with an OS supporting
     them you will like to enable this features to use all of your
     horsepower. Enabling it on singleprocessor systems won't harm but
     cause a bit processing overhead.
Marc Lehmann's avatar
Marc Lehmann committed
112

Sven Neumann's avatar
Sven Neumann committed
113
  --with-sendmail=[PATH]. This option is used to tell GIMP where to find
114 115 116
     the sendmail command. Normally this options don't have to be used
     because configure tries to find it in the usual places.

117 118 119 120 121 122 123
  --with-desktop-dir=[PATH]. This option specifies where to install
     links to the gimp desktop files. These files are used by desktop
     environments that comply to the specs published at freedesktop.org.
     The default value ${prefix}/share should be fine if your desktop
     environment is installed in the same prefix as gimp. No links are
     created if the desktop directories don't exist or you used
     --without-desktop-dir.
Marc Lehmann's avatar
Marc Lehmann committed
124

125 126 127 128
  --enable-default-binary. Use this option if you want to make gimp-1.3
     the default gimp installation. A link called gimp pointing to the
     gimp-1.3 executable will be installed then.

Elliot Lee's avatar
Elliot Lee committed
129
The `make' command builds several things:
130 131 132
 - A bunch of public libraries in the directories starting with 'libgimp'.
 - The plug-in programs in the 'plug-ins' directory.
 - Some modules in the 'modules' subdirectory.
133
 - The main GIMP program 'gimp-1.3' in `app'.
Elliot Lee's avatar
Elliot Lee committed
134

Sven Neumann's avatar
Sven Neumann committed
135
The `make install' commands installs the gimp header files associated 
Sven Neumann's avatar
updates  
Sven Neumann committed
136 137 138
with the libgimp libraries, the plug-ins, some data files and the GIMP 
executable. After running `make install' and assuming the build process 
was successful you should be able to run `gimp'.
Elliot Lee's avatar
Elliot Lee committed
139

Marc Lehmann's avatar
Marc Lehmann committed
140

141 142 143
When ./configure fails
======================

144 145 146 147
'configure' uses pkg-config, a tool that replaces the old foo-config
scripts. The most recent version is available from 
	http://www.freedesktop.org/software/pkgconfig/

148 149 150
'configure' tries to compile and run a short GTK program. There are
several reasons why this might fail:

151 152 153
* pkg-config could not find the file 'gtk+-2.0.pc' that gets installed 
  with GTK. (This file is used to get information about where GTK+ is
  installed.)
154

155 156 157 158
  Fix: Either make sure that this file is in the path where pkg-config 
  looks for it (try 'pkg-config --debug' or add the location of 
  gtk+-2.0.pc to the environment variable PKG_CONFIG_PATH before running 
  configure.
159

Sven Neumann's avatar
updates  
Sven Neumann committed
160
* The GTK+ libraries were not found at run time. The details
161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174
  of how to fix this problem will depend on the system:

  Fix: On Linux and other systems using ELF libraries, add the
  directory to /etc/ld.so.conf or to the environment variable 
  LD_LIBRARY_PATH, and run 'ldconfig'.

  On other systems, it may be necessary to encode this path
  into the executable, by setting the LDFLAGS environment variable
  before running configure. For example:

    LDFLAGS="-R/home/joe/lib" ./configure
  or
    LDFLAGS="-Wl,-rpath -Wl,/home/joe/lib" ./configure

Sven Neumann's avatar
Sven Neumann committed
175
* An old version of the GTK+ libraries was found instead of 
176
  your newly installed version. This commonly happens if a
Sven Neumann's avatar
Sven Neumann committed
177 178
  binary package of GTK+ was previously installed on your system,
  and you later compiled GTK+ from source.
179 180 181 182 183 184

  Fix: remove the old libraries and include files.

A detailed log of the ./configure output is written to the file
config.log. This may help diagnose problems.

Manish Singh's avatar
Manish Singh committed
185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209

When ./configure fails on plug-ins
==================================

There are some GIMP plug-ins that need additional third-party libraries 
installed on your system. For example to compile the plug-ins that load 
and save JPEG, PNG or TIFF files you need the related libraries and header 
files installed, otherwise you'll get a message that plugin xyz will not 
be build. 

If you are sure that those libraries are correctly installed, but configure
fails to detect them, the following might help:

Set your LDFLAGS environment variable to look for the library in a certain
place, e.g. if you are working in a bash shell you would say:
      export LDFLAGS="-L<path_to_library> -L<path_to_another_one>"
before you run configure.

Set your CPPFLAGS environment variable to look for the header file in a
certain place, e.g. if you are working in a bash shell you would say:
      export CPPFLAGS="-I<path_to_header_file> -I<path_to_another_one>"
before you run configure.



Elliot Lee's avatar
Elliot Lee committed
210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241
      Generic Instructions for Building Auto-Configured Packages
      ==========================================================


To compile this package:

1.  Configure the package for your system.  In the directory that this
file is in, type `./configure'.  If you're using `csh' on an old
version of System V, you might need to type `sh configure' instead to
prevent `csh' from trying to execute `configure' itself.

The `configure' shell script attempts to guess correct values for
various system-dependent variables used during compilation, and
creates the Makefile(s) (one in each subdirectory of the source
directory).  In some packages it creates a C header file containing
system-dependent definitions.  It also creates a file `config.status'
that you can run in the future to recreate the current configuration.
Running `configure' takes a minute or two.

To compile the package in a different directory from the one
containing the source code, you must use GNU make.  `cd' to the
directory where you want the object files and executables to go and
run `configure' with the option `--srcdir=DIR', where DIR is the
directory that contains the source code.  Using this option is
actually unnecessary if the source code is in the parent directory of
the one in which you are compiling; `configure' automatically checks
for the source code in `..' if it does not find it in the current
directory.

By default, `make install' will install the package's files in
/usr/local/bin, /usr/local/lib, /usr/local/man, etc.  You can specify
an installation prefix other than /usr/local by giving `configure' the
Manish Singh's avatar
Manish Singh committed
242
option `--prefix=PATH'.
Elliot Lee's avatar
Elliot Lee committed
243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294

You can specify separate installation prefixes for machine-specific
files and machine-independent files.  If you give `configure' the
option `--exec-prefix=PATH', the package will use PATH as the prefix
for installing programs and libraries.  Normally, all files are
installed using the same prefix.

`configure' ignores any other arguments that you give it.

If your system requires unusual options for compilation or linking
that `configure' doesn't know about, you can give `configure' initial
values for some variables by setting them in the environment.  In
Bourne-compatible shells, you can do that on the command line like
this:
        CC='gcc -traditional' DEFS=-D_POSIX_SOURCE ./configure

The `make' variables that you might want to override with environment
variables when running `configure' are:

(For these variables, any value given in the environment overrides the
value that `configure' would choose:)
CC              C compiler program.
                Default is `cc', or `gcc' if `gcc' is in your PATH.
INSTALL         Program to use to install files.
                Default is `install' if you have it, `cp' otherwise.
INCLUDEDIR      Directory for `configure' to search for include files.
                Default is /usr/include.

(For these variables, any value given in the environment is added to
the value that `configure' chooses:)
DEFS            Configuration options, in the form '-Dfoo -Dbar ...'
LIBS            Libraries to link with, in the form '-lfoo -lbar ...'

If you need to do unusual things to compile the package, we encourage
you to teach `configure' how to do them and mail the diffs to the
address given in the README so we can include them in the next
release.

2.  Type `make' to compile the package.

3.  Type `make install' to install programs, data files, and
documentation.

4.  You can remove the program binaries and object files from the
source directory by typing `make clean'.  To also remove the
Makefile(s), the header file containing system-dependent definitions
(if the package uses one), and `config.status' (all the files that
`configure' created), type `make distclean'.

The file `configure.in' is used as a template to create `configure' by
a program called `autoconf'.  You will only need it if you want to
regenerate `configure' using a newer version of `autoconf'.